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Environ Sci Technol. 2011 Mar 15;45(6):2493-7. doi: 10.1021/es103639q. Epub 2011 Feb 23.

Liquefaction and dechlorination of hydrothermally treated waste mixture containing plastics with glass powder.

Author information

1
Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan. sugano@chem.cst.nihon-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Additive effects of glass powder upon the product yields and chlorine distribution after liquefaction of hydrothermally pretreated mixed waste (HMW) are compared with liquefaction of HMW with any one of water, quartz sand, or glass powder plus water. As a result, addition of either water or quartz sand did not affect liquefaction and dechlorination of HMW. Further, water (5 g) addition did not enhance liquefaction and dechlorination of HMW with glass powder. On the other hand, after liquefaction of HMW with glass powder, the yields of chlorine in the gas and water insoluble constituents decreased and the chlorine yield in the water-soluble constituent increased significantly. Because sodium in glass powder dissolved in a small amount (0.5 g) of water resulted from dehydration of HMW during liquefaction. Further, hydrogen chloride derived from polyvinylchloride in HMW was neutralized by ion exchange between H(+) and Na(+) dissolved in a small amount of water forming NaCl in the Residue (water-soluble) constituent. Therefore, most of chlorine in HMW was removed easily by water extraction of the Residue constituent after liquefaction of HMW with glass powder. Further, upgrading of HMW into the oil constituent was enhanced due to inhibition of production of chlorine containing organic compounds. Accordingly, it was clarified that glass powder was the most effective additive for liquefaction and dechlorination of HMW.

PMID:
21344899
DOI:
10.1021/es103639q
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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