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Ann Surg Oncol. 2011 Apr;18(4):1130-8. doi: 10.1245/s10434-010-1383-7. Epub 2010 Oct 28.

Glasgow Prognostic Score is a predictor of perioperative and long-term outcome in patients with only surgically treated esophageal cancer.

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Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.



Systemic inflammation (SI) plays a pivotal role in cancer. C-reactive protein (CRP) and albumin as parameters of SI form the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS). The purpose of the study was to evaluate the potential prognostic role of GPS in a homogeneous population of esophageal cancer (EC) patients undergoing only resection.


GPS was evaluated on the basis of admission blood sample taken before surgery. Patients with a CRP < 10 mg/L and albumin > 35 g/L were allocated to GPS0 group. If only CRP was increased or albumin decreased patients were allocated to the GPS1 and patients in whom CRP was ≥10 mg/L and albumin level ≤35 g/L were classified as GPS2. GPS was correlated to clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcome.


Increasing GPS significantly correlated with more aggressive tumor biology in terms of tumor size (P < 0.001), presence of regional (P = 0.01) and nonregional lymph node metastasis (P = 0.02), and higher tumor recurrence rate (P < 0.001). Furthermore, GPS was identified as an independent prognosticator of perioperative morbidity (odds ratio 1.9; P = 0.03). In addition, a gradual decrease in disease-free and overall survival was evident between the three GPS subgroups. Survival differences between the GPS groups remained apparent even after stratification of the study population to underlying tumor type and nodal status. GPS was identified as a strong prognosticator of tumor recurrence (hazard ratio 2.5; P < 0.001) and survival (hazard ratio 3.0; P < 0.001) in EC.


GPS represents a strong prognosticator of perioperative morbidity and long-term outcome in resected EC patients without neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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