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Epilepsy Behav. 2009 Jan;14 Suppl 1:26-31. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2008.09.006.

Distinct patterns of electrical stimulation of the basolateral amygdala influence pentylenetetrazole seizure outcome.

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Instituto Internacional de Neurociências de Natal Edmond e Lily Safra, Natal-RN, Brazil.


Our working hypothesis is that constant interpulse interval (IPI) electrical stimulation would resonate with endogenous epileptogenic reverberating circuits, inducing seizures, whereas a random interinterval electrical stimulation protocol would promote desynchronization of such neural networks, producing an anticonvulsant effect. Male Wistar rats were stereotaxically implanted with a bipolar electrical stimulation electrode in the amygdala. Pentylenetetrazole (10mg/ml/min) was continuously infused through an intravenous catheter to induce seizures while four different patterns of temporally coded electrical stimulation were applied: periodic stimulation (PS), pseudo-randomized IPI stimulation (LH), restrictively randomized IPI stimulation (IH), and bursts of 20-ms IPIs (burst). PS decreased the pentylenetetrazole threshold to forelimb clonus, whereas IH increased the threshold to forelimb clonus and to generalized tonic-clonic seizures. We hypothesize that PS facilitates forelimb clonus by reverberating with epileptogenic circuits in the limbic system, whereas IH delays forelimb clonus and generalized tonic-clonic seizures by desynchronizing the epileptic neural networks in the forebrain-midbrain-hindbrain circuits.

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