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Neurosci Res. 2006 Oct;56(2):204-12. Epub 2006 Jul 13.

Inhibitory effect of sesaminol glucosides on lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-kappaB activation and target gene expression in cultured rat astrocytes.

Author information

1
College of Pharmacy, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk 361-763, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The inflammatory reaction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of the neurodegenerative disorder including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Sesame lignan compounds such as sesaminol glucosides (SG) exhibit a range of pharmacological activities including anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory action. In this study, we tried to elucidate possible effects of SG on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory reaction and its underlying mechanism in cultured astrocytes. SG (10-100 microg/ml) inhibited LPS-induced generation of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), as well as inhibited LPS-induced cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2), cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression dose-dependently. This inhibitory effect of SG on NO and ROS generation was enforced by addition of glutathione (GSH) in culture. In addition, SG prevented LPS-induced DNA binding and transcriptional activity of nuclear factor KappaB (NF)-kappaB. Consistent with the inhibitory effect on NF-kappaB activity, SG inhibits phosphorylation and degradation of inhibitory KappaB (IkappaB), thereby translocation of p50 of NF-kappaB. These data show that SG has an anti-inflammatory effect through inhibition of NF-kappaB, and may be a useful agent for prevention of inflammatory disease like AD.

PMID:
16842873
DOI:
10.1016/j.neures.2006.06.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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