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Transplantation. 1992 May;53(5):983-6.

Improvement of endothelial cell viability at 4 degrees C by addition of lazaroid U74500A to preservation solutions.

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Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599-7210.


Lazaroids are potent inhibitors of lipid peroxidation. Endothelial cell damage has been shown to occur during cold storage preservation of lung and liver. This study examines the effects on endothelial cell viability of the addition of four lazaroids, U74006F, U78518F, U74500A, or U75412E to preservation solutions. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell cultures were stored at 4 degrees C for 48 and 96 hr in EuroCollins or 5% polyethylene glycol in buffered saline (PEG). U78518F, U74500A, U74006F, U75412E, or dexamethasone (each 50 microM) was added to EC (n = 32) or PEG (n = 32) and compared with control solutions of EC or PEG alone. Endothelial cell viability was determined by measuring cellular reduction of 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,3-diphenyltetrazolium bromide to a purple formazan dye. The reduction occurs only in viable cells and requires mitochondrial dehydrogenase activity. Results were quantified by measuring dye absorbance (Ab) with a micro-ELISA spectrophotometer. Absorbance values were compared by ANOVA and reported as mean values +/- standard deviation. Addition of U74500A to EC (Ab = 0.474 +/- 0.055) and PEG (Ab = 0.462 +/- .005) improved viability at 48 hr when compared with EC (Ab = 0.289 +/- 0.069) and PEG (Ab = 0.287 +/- 0.052) alone (P less than 0.05). At 96 hr, addition of U74500A resulted in improved viability in both EC (Ab = 0.377 +/- 0.068) and PEG (Ab = 0.195 +/- 0.09) or PEG alone (Ab = 0.212 +/- 0.1) (P less than 0.05). Other lazaroids tested were also effective in improving cellular viability, but to a lesser degree than U74500A. This study demonstrates that the addition of lazaroids to organ preservation solutions improves endothelial cell viability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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