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Anim Reprod Sci. 2005 Apr;86(3-4):329-38.

Conventional slow freezing, vitrification and open pulled straw (OPS) vitrification of rabbit embryos.

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1
Department of Physiology, Embryo Biotechnology Laboratory, College of Veterinary Science, Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University, Tirupati 517 502, India.

Abstract

Three different methods of cryopreservation viz., conventional slow freezing, vitrification and open pulled straw vitrification were compared for their ability to support post thaw in vitro and in vivo development of rabbit embryos. Morula stage rabbit embryos were collected from super-ovulated donor does. They were randomly allocated to different freezing methods and stored up to 3 months in liquid nitrogen. After thawing and removal of cryoprotectants, embryos exhibiting intact zona pellucida and uniform blastomeres were considered suitable for in vitro culture and/or transfer. Three to five cryopreserved embryos placed in approximately 1 ml of culture medium (TCM 199 supplemented with foetal calf serum and antibiotics) were incubated for up to 72 h under humidified atmosphere of 5% CO2 in air at 39 degrees C. Development to hatched blastocyst stage was considered the initial indicator of success of cryopreservation of embryos. Of the embryos cryopreserved by programmed freezing, open pulled straw vitrification, vitrification-55 h pc and vitrification-72 h pc 55, 71, 17 and 48%, respectively, developed into hatched blastocysts. Similarly 19, 29, and 4% of embryos cryopreserved by programmed freezing, open pulled straw vitrification and vitrification -72 h pc developed into live offspring on transfer to recipient does. This is the first report on open pulled straw vitrification of rabbit embryos. Present results, suggest that (a) open pulled straw vitrification supports better in vitro survival of frozen thawed rabbit morulae; (b) both programmed freezing and OPS are similar but superior to vitirification in supporting in vivo survival of frozen thawed rabbit embryos.

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