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Clin Electroencephalogr. 2003 Oct;34(4):201-6.

Sequential EEG analysis during intermittent photic stimulation in never-medicated patients with schizophrenia.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Neurobiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, 13-1 Takara-machi, Kanazawa 920-8641, Japan. mitsuru@zc4.xo-net.ne.jp

Abstract

To investigate sequential changes in electroencephalograms (EEGs) during intermittent photic stimulation (IPS), quantitative EEG analysis for the alpha band (related to stimulus frequency) was performed in 18 drug-naïve schizophrenic patients and 18 sex- and age-matched control subjects. IPS consisted of white flickers at 10 flashes/sec, lasting 10 sec and repeated six times at 10 sec intervals. The differences between the two groups were assessed for two conditions (i.e., during photic stimulation (PS) and inter-PS). During stimulus, the absolute 9-11 Hz band power of the patient group was higher at the posterior than that at the anterior sites throughout the 10 sec periods. However, this difference between sites was not seen during the first 1 sec in the control group. During the nonstimulus period, posterior dominance of 9-11 Hz band power was prominent in the patient group throughout. In the control group, however, this difference was minor, especially during the latter half of the period. These results suggest that schizophrenic patients show fewer changes in posterior alpha activity during both stimulus and nonstimulus, and this continuity of posterior dominance may reflect hyperarousal, which counteracts any decrease in vigilance throughout the IPS.

PMID:
14560821
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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