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Ann Surg Oncol. 2001 Aug;8(7):573-9.

Clinical and cost effectiveness of a new hepatocellular MRI contrast agent, mangafodipir trisodium, in the preoperative assessment of liver resectability.

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Department of General Oncologic Surgery, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA 91010, USA.



Improved preoperative assessment of focal liver disease and tumors could have a potentially significant impact on their treatment. Mangafodipir trisodium (Teslascan; Nycomed Amersham Imaging, Little Chalfont, UK) is a new hepatocellular contrast agent for use with state-of-the-art MR imaging that, in early reports, is accurate in detection and characterization of liver lesions.


Records and diagnostic images of all patients undergoing enhanced Teslascan MRI (T-MRI) at our institution were reviewed. We assessed the relative sensitivities of contrast-enhanced CT scan (CECT) and T-MRI in detecting lesions, as well as the impact of T-MRI in the decision to operate or not on patients. In those patients taken to surgery, the correlation between T-MRI and intraoperative palpation and intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) was determined.


Fifty-four patients were noted on CECT to have focal liver lesions and subsequently underwent imaging with T-MRI. The T-MRI correlated with CT findings in 22 patients (41%), upstaged the liver disease in 26, and demonstrated fewer lesions in 6. Only 43 patients were considered operative candidates and T-MRI influenced the operative decision in 32 patients (74%), dissuading operative intervention in 14. In the 25 patients without clear preoperative evidence of unresectability who were taken to the operating room, T-MRI correlated with findings of intraoperative palpation in 19 (76%). In the 20 patients who underwent IOUS, T-MRI correlated with IOUS in 14 patients (70%). IOUS detected an additional nine lesions, all of which were <1 cm. Seventeen patients underwent resection and/or ablation of their liver lesions. Compared with pathology, sensitivities of CECT, T-MRI, and intraoperative evaluation were 61%, 83%, and 93%, respectively. T-MRI failed to predict hepatic-specific unresectability in only one of eight patients, the other seven having extrahepatic disease.


These findings suggest that T-MRI is more sensitive than CECT in the preoperative predicting of the resectability of hepatic lesions. Despite T-MRI accurately correlating with intraoperative surgical findings, IOUS should be performed on all patients prior to a final decision to resect or ablate a focal liver lesion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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