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Int J Androl. 2000 Oct;23(5):284-93.

In vitro inhibition of rat cauda epididymal sperm glycolytic enzymes by ornidazole, alpha-chlorohydrin and 1-chloro-3-hydroxypropanone.

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1
Institute of Reproductive Medicine of the University, Domagkstrasse 11, D-48129 M√ľnster, Germany.

Abstract

Chlorinated antifertility compounds are known to inhibit glycolysis of spermatozoa as they reside in the epididymis but new compounds need to be evaluated that retain antifertility action but do not exhibit side-effects. In this study, two known antifertility agents and a related compound were compared for their inhibition of rat sperm metabolism and motility in vitro. The dose-dependent inhibition in vitro of the glycolytic enzymes glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) and triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) of distal cauda epididymal rat spermatozoa by (R)-, (S)- and (R,S)-ornidazole (ORN), (R,S)-alpha-chlorohydrin (ACH) and 1-chloro-3-hydroxypropanone (CHOP) was compared. The direct inhibition of GAPDH by ORN suggests that it inhibits without prior conversion outside the cell but inhibition was not stereo-specific. The GAPDH, but not TPI, activity of spermatozoa incubated with ACH and CHOP was highly correlated with kinematic parameters of spermatozoa incubated in pyruvate- and lactate-free medium. ACH only inhibited the activity of intact spermatozoa and the inhibition was not reversed by washing the particulate sperm fraction after sonication. High concentrations of ACH (100 mmol/L) killed intact rat spermatozoa and decreased the extent of GAPDH inhibition. CHOP, unlike ACH, was an effective inhibitor of both intact and sonicated cells. Pre-CHOP, the dimethylketal precursor of CHOP, and its other hydrolysis product MeOH, were both ineffective in vitro. CHOP and related ketals may be more effective inhibitors of sperm glycolysis than ACH and may prove useful for investigating sperm-specific glycolytic inhibition, a prerequisite for the development of antiglycolytic, post-testicular acting contraceptives.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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