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Neurosci Behav Physiol. 1976 Jan-Mar;7(1):56-62.

The spectrum of the calling signals, phonotaxis, and the auditory system in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus.

Abstract

In behavioral experiments with a Y labyrinth it was shown that phonotaxis in the female crickets in respect to the calling signals (CS) of the males depends on the spectrum of the signal. The necessary and sufficient condition for development of normal phonotaxis is the preservation of the first, low-frequenct (LF) component of the spectrum (5kHz). Signals with a time pattern identical to that of a CS but with a spectrum containing only the high-frequency (HF) component (12.5 kHz) do not evoke phonotaxis. HF signals in the frequency-range 10-40 kHz evoke negative phonotaxis in females under conditions of "tethered flight". In the auditory system of the crickets, beginning with the tympanal organ, there is a clear separation of the elements effecting LF and HF signals. Two types of ascending interneurons transmitting acoustic information from the primary auditory center to the brain are described in detail. The first is connected primarily with LF receptors and transmits clearly all the time-dependent characteristics of the CS most important for recognition. The second apparently participates in the production of negative phonotaxis. It is connected primarily with HF receptors, has considerable after-effect and also raises sensitivity to sounds of low intensity, emphasizes the initial moment in the effect of a stimulus, and "habituates" rapidly to repeated stimulations.

PMID:
1028002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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