PMID- 30379816
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20190313
LR  - 20190313
IS  - 1932-6203 (Electronic)
IS  - 1932-6203 (Linking)
VI  - 13
IP  - 10
DP  - 2018
TI  - A survey of public attitudes towards third-party reproduction in Japan in 2014.
PG  - e0198499
LID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0198499 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine public attitudes towards
      third-party reproduction and the disclosure of conception through third-party
      reproduction. METHODS: We conducted the web-based survey for the public attitude 
      towards third-party reproduction in February 2014. Twenty-five hundred people
      were recruited with equal segregation of age (20s, 30s, 40s, and 50s) and gender.
      We analyzed the association between gender, age, infertility, and ethical view
      using a questionnaire regarding donor sperm, donor oocyte, donor embryo,
      gestational surrogacy, and disclosure to offspring. RESULTS: Of the respondents, 
      36.2% approved and 26.6% disapproved of gamete or embryo donation. The frequency 
      of those who approved was lowest in females in the 50-59 year age group, and was 
      significantly higher in males or females with infertility. Secondly, 40.9%
      approved and 21.8% disapproved of gestational surrogacy. The frequency of those
      who approved gestational surrogacy was higher in males or females with
      infertility. Thirdly, 46.3% of respondents agreed and 20.4% disagreed with
      "offspring have the right to know their origin". Those who disagreed were
      primarily in the 50-59 year age group of both genders, and disagreement was
      significantly higher in the infertility group compared with non-infertility
      group. CONCLUSION: In this study, public attitudes were affected by gender, age, 
      and experience of infertility. These study findings are important in
      understanding the attitude towards third-party reproduction and disclosure to the
      offspring. Respondents having indecisive attitudes were >30%, which might
      indicate an increased requirement for information and education to enhance the
      discussion on the ethical consensus on third-party reproduction in Japan.
FAU - Yamamoto, Naoko
AU  - Yamamoto N
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Hirata, Tetsuya
AU  - Hirata T
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-9975-6208
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Izumi, Gentaro
AU  - Izumi G
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Nakazawa, Akari
AU  - Nakazawa A
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Fukuda, Shinya
AU  - Fukuda S
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Neriishi, Kazuaki
AU  - Neriishi K
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Arakawa, Tomoko
AU  - Arakawa T
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Takamura, Masashi
AU  - Takamura M
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Harada, Miyuki
AU  - Harada M
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Hirota, Yasushi
AU  - Hirota Y
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Koga, Kaori
AU  - Koga K
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Wada-Hiraike, Osamu
AU  - Wada-Hiraike O
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Fujii, Tomoyuki
AU  - Fujii T
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
FAU - Irahara, Minoru
AU  - Irahara M
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tokushima University Graduate School of 
      Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima, Japan.
FAU - Osuga, Yutaka
AU  - Osuga Y
AD  - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of
      Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DEP - 20181031
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS One
JT  - PloS one
JID - 101285081
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Infertility/epidemiology/*therapy
MH  - Insemination, Artificial
MH  - Japan/epidemiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Oocyte Donation
MH  - Pregnancy
MH  - *Public Opinion
MH  - *Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
MH  - Surrogate Mothers
MH  - Surveys and Questionnaires
MH  - Tissue Donors
MH  - Young Adult
PMC - PMC6209135
COIS- The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
EDAT- 2018/11/01 06:00
MHDA- 2019/03/14 06:00
CRDT- 2018/11/01 06:00
PHST- 2018/05/19 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2018/09/25 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/11/01 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/11/01 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2019/03/14 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0198499 [doi]
AID - PONE-D-18-15024 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS One. 2018 Oct 31;13(10):e0198499. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198499.
      eCollection 2018.