PMID- 30173991
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20181114
LR  - 20181114
IS  - 1872-8464 (Electronic)
IS  - 0165-5876 (Linking)
VI  - 113
DP  - 2018 Oct
TI  - Prevalence of ear disease and associated hearing loss among primary school
      students in the Solomon Islands: Otitis media still a major public health issue.
PG  - 223-228
LID - S0165-5876(18)30384-7 [pii]
LID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.08.004 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of otitis media and
      associated hearing loss among primary school students in the Solomon Islands.
      METHODS: A total of 604 primary school students (280 males, 324 females) aged
      4-15 years were assessed in two primary schools (government, nongovernment) in
      the capital city Honiara. School-based ear examinations were performed, including
      otoscopy and tuning-fork tests. Students were referred to the ENT Clinic for
      medical intervention and/or pure-tone audiometry assessment. RESULTS: A total of 
      342 students (56.6%) did not pass their ear examination, with a significantly
      higher fail rate among younger students (p<0.001). The most common ear pathology 
      was Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) (34.2%), followed by impacted wax (22.8%),
      and Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (3.1%). The follow-up attendance rate at the
      ENT Clinic was 81.1%. Among students with OME in at least one ear, 50% failed
      audiometry screening in the affected ear. While age was a significant factor for 
      OME, it was not a significant factor for OME-associated hearing loss.
      CONCLUSIONS: Ear diseases with associated hearing loss are a significant public
      health problem among primary school students in the Solomon Islands. The
      implementation of routine School Ear and Hearing Programs could be beneficial,
      and should reduce the national burden of ear diseases.
CI  - Copyright (c) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
FAU - Kaspar, Annette
AU  - Kaspar A
AD  - ENT Clinic, National Referral Hospital, Honiara, Solomon Islands; School of
      Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane,
      Australia. Electronic address: annette.kaspar@gmail.com.
FAU - Newton, Obiga
AU  - Newton O
AD  - ENT Clinic, National Referral Hospital, Honiara, Solomon Islands. Electronic
      address: obiganewton@gmail.com.
FAU - Kei, Joseph
AU  - Kei J
AD  - School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane,
      Australia. Electronic address: k.kei@uq.edu.au.
FAU - Driscoll, Carlie
AU  - Driscoll C
AD  - School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Queensland, Brisbane,
      Australia. Electronic address: carlie.driscoll@uq.edu.au.
FAU - Swanepoel, De Wet
AU  - Swanepoel W
AD  - Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, University of Pretoria,
      Cnr Lynnwood and University Roads, Pretoria, South Africa. Electronic address:
      dewet.swanepoel@up.ac.za.
FAU - Goulios, Helen
AU  - Goulios H
AD  - School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, University of Western Australia 
      (M309), 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 600, UK. Electronic address:
      helen.goulios@uwa.edu.au.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20180807
PL  - Ireland
TA  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol
JT  - International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
JID - 8003603
SB  - IM
MH  - Adolescent
MH  - Audiometry, Pure-Tone/methods
MH  - Child
MH  - Child, Preschool
MH  - Female
MH  - Hearing Loss/*epidemiology/etiology
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Mass Screening/methods
MH  - Melanesia/epidemiology
MH  - Otitis Media/complications/*epidemiology
MH  - Otoscopy/methods
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Public Health
MH  - Schools/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Students/statistics & numerical data
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - Hearing loss
OT  - Otitis media
OT  - Pacific Islands
OT  - School ear and hearing screening
EDAT- 2018/09/04 06:00
MHDA- 2018/11/15 06:00
CRDT- 2018/09/04 06:00
PHST- 2018/06/09 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2018/08/03 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2018/08/04 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2018/09/04 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2018/09/04 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2018/11/15 06:00 [medline]
AID - S0165-5876(18)30384-7 [pii]
AID - 10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.08.004 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2018 Oct;113:223-228. doi:
      10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.08.004. Epub 2018 Aug 7.