PMID- 29136655
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20171211
LR  - 20180406
IS  - 1932-6203 (Electronic)
IS  - 1932-6203 (Linking)
VI  - 12
IP  - 11
DP  - 2017
TI  - Socio-behavioral risk factors among older adults living with HIV in Thailand.
PG  - e0188088
LID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0188088 [doi]
AB  - BACKGROUND: There has been a global increase in HIV infection in persons 50 years
      of age and older. This group is at risk for development of chronic illness that
      may be exacerbated by socio-behavioral risk factors such as smoking, unhealthy
      alcohol use, and sedentary lifestyle. However, socio-behavioral risk factors in
      this older HIV infected population are not well described. The current study aims
      to describe and document factors related to alcohol use, tobacco smoking, and
      physical exercise in older adults living with HIV (OALHIV). METHODS: This
      cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted between August and September
      2015, and enrolled HIV-infected participants aged 50 years and older from 12
      community hospitals in Chiang Mai Province, Northern Thailand. RESULTS: Of the
      364 participants recruited in the study, 57.1% were female, and 67.3% were
      between 50-59 years of age. Respectively, 15.1%, 59.1%, and 18.7% were current
      smokers, currently engaged in physical exercises, and reported ever drank alcohol
      in the past year. 22.1% of those who drank alcohol reported experience of heavy
      episodic drinking. Male gender was one of the strongest predictors of ever drank 
      alcohol in the past year (AOR, 4.66; CI, 2.28-9.49; P<0.001) and of being a
      current smoker (AOR, 13.41; CI, 7.23-24.87; P<0.001). Lower household income was 
      associated with increased odds of ever drank alcohol in the past year (household 
      income (1 USD = 35 THB) of </= 5,000 Baht versus > 20,000 Baht: AOR, 5.34; CI,
      1.28-22.25; P = 0.021). Lower educational level was associated with decreased
      odds of physical exercises (no education versus secondary and higher: AOR, 0.22; 
      CI, 0.08-0.55; P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Smoking and alcohol use is common among
      OALHIV, with a substantial proportion not engaging in physical exercises.
      Interventions for OALHIV should particularly target males and those of lower
      socio-economic status to deter smoking and alcohol use and to promote physical
      exercises.
FAU - Musumari, Patou Masika
AU  - Musumari PM
AD  - Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology, Kyoto University School of
      Public Health, Kyoto, Japan.
FAU - Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat
AU  - Tangmunkongvorakul A
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-9096-6372
AD  - Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai,
      Thailand.
FAU - Srithanaviboonchai, Kriengkrai
AU  - Srithanaviboonchai K
AD  - Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai,
      Thailand.
AD  - Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
FAU - Feldman, Mitchell D
AU  - Feldman MD
AD  - Division of General Internal Medicine, University of California San Francisco,
      San Francisco, California, United States of America.
FAU - Sitthi, Wathee
AU  - Sitthi W
AD  - Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai,
      Thailand.
FAU - Rerkasem, Kittipan
AU  - Rerkasem K
AD  - Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai,
      Thailand.
AD  - Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
FAU - Techasrivichien, Teeranee
AU  - Techasrivichien T
AD  - Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology, Kyoto University School of
      Public Health, Kyoto, Japan.
FAU - Suguimoto, S Pilar
AU  - Suguimoto SP
AD  - Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology, Kyoto University School of
      Public Health, Kyoto, Japan.
AD  - Center for Medical Education, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University,
      Kyoto, Japan.
FAU - Ono-Kihara, Masako
AU  - Ono-Kihara M
AD  - Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology, Kyoto University School of
      Public Health, Kyoto, Japan.
FAU - Kihara, Masahiro
AU  - Kihara M
AD  - Department of Global Health and Socio-epidemiology, Kyoto University School of
      Public Health, Kyoto, Japan.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20171114
PL  - United States
TA  - PLoS One
JT  - PloS one
JID - 101285081
SB  - IM
EIN - PLoS One. 2018 Feb 8;13(2):e0192818. PMID: 29420615
MH  - Aged
MH  - Cross-Sectional Studies
MH  - Female
MH  - HIV Infections/*psychology
MH  - *Health Behavior
MH  - Humans
MH  - Life Style
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Thailand
PMC - PMC5685602
EDAT- 2017/11/15 06:00
MHDA- 2017/12/12 06:00
CRDT- 2017/11/15 06:00
PHST- 2017/07/03 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/10/31 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/11/15 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/11/15 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/12/12 06:00 [medline]
AID - 10.1371/journal.pone.0188088 [doi]
AID - PONE-D-17-25047 [pii]
PST - epublish
SO  - PLoS One. 2017 Nov 14;12(11):e0188088. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188088.
      eCollection 2017.