PMID- 28593646
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20170927
LR  - 20180502
IS  - 1097-0215 (Electronic)
IS  - 0020-7136 (Linking)
VI  - 141
IP  - 7
DP  - 2017 Oct 1
TI  - Cancer incidence and mortality: A cohort study in China, 2008-2013.
PG  - 1315-1323
LID - 10.1002/ijc.30825 [doi]
AB  - The National Central Cancer Registry of China (NCCR) was the only available
      source of cancer monitoring in China, even though only about 70% of cancer
      registration sites were qualified by now. In this study, based on a national
      large prospective cohort-the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB), we aimed to provide
      additional cancer statistics and compare the difference of cancer burden between 
      urban and rural areas of China. A total of 497,693 cancer-free participants aged 
      35-74 years were recruited and successfully followed up from 2004 to 2013 in 5
      urban and 5 rural areas across China. Except for traditional registration
      systems, the national health insurance system and active follow-up were used to
      determine new cancer incidents and related deaths. The mortality-to-incidence
      ratio (MIR) was used to compare the differences of cancer burden between urban
      and rural areas of China. We found that cancer mortality coincided well between
      our cohort and NCCR, while the incidence was much higher in our cohort. Based on 
      CKB, we found the MIR of all cancers was 0.54 in rural areas, which was
      approximately one-third higher than that in urban areas with 0.39. Cancer
      profiles in urban areas were transiting to Western distributions, which were
      characterized with high incidences of breast cancer and colorectal cancer; while 
      cancers of the esophagus, liver and cervix uteri were still common in rural areas
      of China. Our results provide additional cancer statistics of China and
      demonstrate the differences of cancer burden between urban and rural areas of
      China.
CI  - (c) 2017 UICC.
FAU - Pan, Rui
AU  - Pan R
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing
      Medical University, Nanjing, China.
FAU - Zhu, Meng
AU  - Zhu M
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing
      Medical University, Nanjing, China.
FAU - Yu, Canqing
AU  - Yu C
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking
      University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.
FAU - Lv, Jun
AU  - Lv J
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking
      University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.
FAU - Guo, Yu
AU  - Guo Y
AD  - Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
FAU - Bian, Zheng
AU  - Bian Z
AD  - Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
FAU - Yang, Ling
AU  - Yang L
AD  - Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), Nuffield
      Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
FAU - Chen, Yiping
AU  - Chen Y
AD  - Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), Nuffield
      Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
FAU - Hu, Zhibin
AU  - Hu Z
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-5424-4567
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing
      Medical University, Nanjing, China.
FAU - Chen, Zhengming
AU  - Chen Z
AD  - Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), Nuffield
      Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
FAU - Li, Liming
AU  - Li L
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking
      University Health Science Center, Beijing, China.
AD  - Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
FAU - Shen, Hongbing
AU  - Shen H
AUID- ORCID: 0000-0002-2581-5906
AD  - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing
      Medical University, Nanjing, China.
CN  - China Kadoorie Biobank Collaborative Group
LA  - eng
GR  - MC_U137686851/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom
GR  - Wellcome Trust/United Kingdom
PT  - Comparative Study
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
DEP - 20170626
PL  - United States
TA  - Int J Cancer
JT  - International journal of cancer
JID - 0042124
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Aged
MH  - Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology
MH  - China/epidemiology
MH  - Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology
MH  - Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Incidence
MH  - Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Neoplasms/*epidemiology/mortality
MH  - Prospective Studies
MH  - Registries/statistics & numerical data
MH  - Rural Population/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Sex Distribution
MH  - Urban Population/*statistics & numerical data
MH  - Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - *cancer incidence
OT  - *cancer mortality
OT  - *cohort study
OT  - *mortality-to-incidence ratio
EDAT- 2017/06/09 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/28 06:00
CRDT- 2017/06/09 06:00
PHST- 2017/01/30 00:00 [received]
PHST- 2017/05/16 00:00 [revised]
PHST- 2017/05/17 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2017/06/09 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/09/28 06:00 [medline]
PHST- 2017/06/09 06:00 [entrez]
AID - 10.1002/ijc.30825 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Int J Cancer. 2017 Oct 1;141(7):1315-1323. doi: 10.1002/ijc.30825. Epub 2017 Jun 
      26.