PMID- 28049748
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20170907
LR  - 20180212
IS  - 1753-4887 (Electronic)
IS  - 0029-6643 (Linking)
VI  - 75
IP  - suppl 1
DP  - 2017 Jan
TI  - Maternal nutrition: opportunities in the prevention of gestational diabetes.
PG  - 32-50
LID - 10.1093/nutrit/nuw033 [doi]
AB  - Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is currently defined as glucose intolerance
      that is of variable severity with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.
      The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Study, including 25 000
      nondiabetic pregnant women in 15 centers across the world, reported that an
      average of 17.8% of pregnancies are affected by GDM and its frequency can be as
      high as 25.5% in some countries, based on the International Association of
      Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria. Nevertheless, true global
      prevalence estimates of GDM are currently lacking due to the high level of
      heterogeneity in screening approaches, diagnostic criteria, and differences in
      the characteristics of the populations that were studied. The presence of
      systemic high blood glucose levels in pregnancy results in an adverse
      intrauterine environment, which has been shown to have a negative impact on
      short- and long-term health outcomes for both the mother and her offspring,
      including increased risks for the infant to develop obesity and for both mother
      and child to develop type 2 diabetes mellitus later in life. Epigenetic
      mechanisms that are directly influenced by environmental factors, including
      nutrition, may play a key role in shaping these future health risks and may be
      part of this vicious cycle. This article reviews the burden of GDM and the
      current evidence that supports maternal nutritional interventions as a promising 
      strategy to break the cycle by addressing risk factors associated with GDM.
CI  - (c) The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the
      International Life Sciences Institute. All rights reserved.
FAU - Silva-Zolezzi, Irma
AU  - Silva-Zolezzi I
AD  - J. Spieldenner and T.M. Samuel are with Public Health Nutrition, Nestle Research 
      Center, Lausanne, Switzerland. I. Silva-Zolezzi is with Nutrition and Health
      Research, Nestle Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.
FAU - Samuel, Tinu Mary
AU  - Samuel TM
AD  - J. Spieldenner and T.M. Samuel are with Public Health Nutrition, Nestle Research 
      Center, Lausanne, Switzerland. I. Silva-Zolezzi is with Nutrition and Health
      Research, Nestle Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.
FAU - Spieldenner, Jorg
AU  - Spieldenner J
AD  - J. Spieldenner and T.M. Samuel are with Public Health Nutrition, Nestle Research 
      Center, Lausanne, Switzerland. I. Silva-Zolezzi is with Nutrition and Health
      Research, Nestle Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.
      jorg.spieldenner@rdls.nestle.com.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
PT  - Review
PL  - United States
TA  - Nutr Rev
JT  - Nutrition reviews
JID - 0376405
RN  - 0 (Blood Glucose)
RN  - 0 (Fatty Acids, Unsaturated)
RN  - 0 (Micronutrients)
RN  - 1406-16-2 (Vitamin D)
SB  - IM
MH  - Blood Glucose/metabolism
MH  - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood/*epidemiology
MH  - Diabetes, Gestational/blood/*epidemiology/*prevention & control
MH  - Diet
MH  - Exercise
MH  - Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/administration & dosage/blood
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Hyperglycemia/blood/*epidemiology
MH  - *Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
MH  - Micronutrients/administration & dosage/blood
MH  - Obesity/blood/*epidemiology
MH  - Pregnancy
MH  - Pregnancy Outcome
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - Probiotics/administration & dosage
MH  - Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
MH  - Risk Factors
MH  - Vitamin D/administration & dosage/blood
PMC - PMC5437972
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - *food fortification
OT  - *gestational diabetes mellitus
OT  - *hyperglycemia
OT  - *micronutrient
OT  - *nutrition
EDAT- 2017/01/05 06:00
MHDA- 2017/09/08 06:00
CRDT- 2017/01/05 06:00
PHST- 2017/01/05 06:00 [entrez]
PHST- 2017/01/05 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/09/08 06:00 [medline]
AID - nuw033 [pii]
AID - 10.1093/nutrit/nuw033 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Nutr Rev. 2017 Jan;75(suppl 1):32-50. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuw033.