PMID- 27219913
OWN - NLM
STAT- MEDLINE
DCOM- 20170119
LR  - 20170119
IS  - 1600-0404 (Electronic)
IS  - 0001-6314 (Linking)
VI  - 134
IP  - 6
DP  - 2016 Dec
TI  - Anxiety in Multiple Sclerosis: psychometric properties of the State-Trait Anxiety
      Inventory.
PG  - 458-466
LID - 10.1111/ane.12564 [doi]
AB  - OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to examine psychometric properties 
      of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-Y-1 and STAI-Y-2,
      respectively) in a Multiple Sclerosis (MS) population and to identify a cut-off
      score to detect those MS patients with high level of state and/or trait anxiety
      who could be more vulnerable to development of depression and/or cognitive
      defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The STAI-Y-1 and STAI-Y-2 was completed by a group
      of patients (n = 175) affected by MS and a group of healthy subjects (n = 150)
      matched for age, educational level, and gender. In MS patients internal
      consistency, divergent and discriminant validities were evaluated. Construct
      validity was examined by exploratory factor analysis for each scale. RESULTS:
      There was no missing data, no floor or ceiling effects for both scales. The two
      scales showed high internal consistency, good divergent, and Known-groups
      validities. To identify high levels of state and trait anxiety in a patient with 
      MS, we proposed three gender specific screening cut-off values (1, 1.5, 2 SD) for
      the STAI-Y-1 and the STAI-Y-2. CONCLUSIONS: The findings showed that the STAI-Y-1
      and the STAI-Y-2 are a valid tool for clinical use in MS patients and can be
      useful to measure the severity of anxiety and to identify those patients with
      high anxiety to introduce them in specific non-pharmacological intervention.
CI  - (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
FAU - Santangelo, G
AU  - Santangelo G
AD  - Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy.
      gabriella.santangelo@unina2.it.
AD  - IDC-Hermitage-Capodimonte, Naples, Italy. gabriella.santangelo@unina2.it.
FAU - Sacco, R
AU  - Sacco R
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - Siciliano, M
AU  - Siciliano M
AD  - Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy.
FAU - Bisecco, A
AU  - Bisecco A
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - Muzzo, G
AU  - Muzzo G
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - Docimo, R
AU  - Docimo R
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - De Stefano, M
AU  - De Stefano M
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - Bonavita, S
AU  - Bonavita S
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - Lavorgna, L
AU  - Lavorgna L
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - Tedeschi, G
AU  - Tedeschi G
AD  - IDC-Hermitage-Capodimonte, Naples, Italy.
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
FAU - Trojano, L
AU  - Trojano L
AD  - Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Caserta, Italy.
      luigi.trojano@unina2.it.
AD  - Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, Scientific Institute of Telese, Telese Terme,
      Italy. luigi.trojano@unina2.it.
FAU - Gallo, A
AU  - Gallo A
AD  - MS Center, I Division of Neurology, Dept of Medical, Surgical, Neurological,
      Metabolic and Aging Sciences, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
LA  - eng
PT  - Journal Article
DEP - 20160201
PL  - Denmark
TA  - Acta Neurol Scand
JT  - Acta neurologica Scandinavica
JID - 0370336
SB  - IM
MH  - Adult
MH  - Anxiety/epidemiology/etiology/*psychology
MH  - Depression/epidemiology/etiology/psychology
MH  - Female
MH  - Humans
MH  - Male
MH  - Middle Aged
MH  - Multiple Sclerosis/complications/*psychology
MH  - *Neuropsychological Tests
MH  - Prevalence
MH  - *Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
MH  - Psychometrics
MH  - Reference Values
MH  - Sex Characteristics
OTO - NOTNLM
OT  - STAI-Y
OT  - anxiety
OT  - cognitive deficits
OT  - depression
OT  - multiple sclerosis
OT  - validation
EDAT- 2016/10/21 06:00
MHDA- 2017/01/20 06:00
CRDT- 2016/05/25 06:00
PHST- 2016/01/11 00:00 [accepted]
PHST- 2016/10/21 06:00 [pubmed]
PHST- 2017/01/20 06:00 [medline]
PHST- 2016/05/25 06:00 [entrez]
AID - 10.1111/ane.12564 [doi]
PST - ppublish
SO  - Acta Neurol Scand. 2016 Dec;134(6):458-466. doi: 10.1111/ane.12564. Epub 2016 Feb
      1.