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J Exp Med. 2013 Nov 18;210(12):2755-71. doi: 10.1084/jem.20131539. Epub 2013 Nov 11.

The distinctive germinal center phase of IgE+ B lymphocytes limits their contribution to the classical memory response.

Author information

1
Singapore Immunology Network (SIgN), Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore 138648.

Abstract

The mechanisms involved in the maintenance of memory IgE responses are poorly understood, and the role played by germinal center (GC) IgE(+) cells in memory responses is particularly unclear. IgE(+) B cell differentiation is characterized by a transient GC phase, a bias toward the plasma cell (PC) fate, and dependence on sequential switching for the production of high-affinity IgE. We show here that IgE(+) GC B cells are unfit to undergo the conventional GC differentiation program due to impaired B cell receptor function and increased apoptosis. IgE(+) GC cells fail to populate the GC light zone and are unable to contribute to the memory and long-lived PC compartments. Furthermore, we demonstrate that direct and sequential switching are linked to distinct B cell differentiation fates: direct switching generates IgE(+) GC cells, whereas sequential switching gives rise to IgE(+) PCs. We propose a comprehensive model for the generation and memory of IgE responses.

PMID:
24218137
PMCID:
PMC3832920
DOI:
10.1084/jem.20131539
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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