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Drug Metab Dispos. 2018 Jun;46(6):913-923. doi: 10.1124/dmd.117.079582. Epub 2018 Apr 12.

Effect of Endocannabinoid Oleamide on Rat and Human Liver Cytochrome P450 Enzymes in In Vitro and In Vivo Models.

Author information

1
Departments of Pharmacology (G.D., O.Z., K.N, J.J.) and Biochemistry (O.P.), Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Charles University, Hradec Kralove (J.D., A.C., P.P.), and Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc (I.Z.), Czech Republic; and Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Biomedical Research Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic (N.H.).
2
Departments of Pharmacology (G.D., O.Z., K.N, J.J.) and Biochemistry (O.P.), Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Brno, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Charles University, Hradec Kralove (J.D., A.C., P.P.), and Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc (I.Z.), Czech Republic; and Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Biomedical Research Center, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic (N.H.) zendulka@med.muni.cz.

Abstract

The endocannabinoid system is important for many physiologic and pathologic processes, but its role in the regulation of liver cytochromes P450 (P450s) remains unknown. We studied the influence of the endocannabinoid oleamide on rat and human liver P450s. Oleamide was administered intraperitoneally to rats at doses of 0.1, 1, and 10 mg/kg per day for 7 days. The content and activity of key P450s were evaluated in rat liver microsomes. Moreover, interactions with nuclear receptors regulating P450 genes and serum levels of their ligands (prolactin, corticosterone, and free triiodothyronine) were tested in in vitro P450 inhibition assays. Decreased protein levels and metabolic activities of CYP1A2, CYP2B, and CYP2C11, along with a drop in metabolic activity of CYP2D2, were observed in animals treated with oleamide (10 mg/kg per day). The activities of CYP2C6, CYP2A, and CYP3A and the levels of hormones were not altered. In vitro, oleamide exhibited a weak inhibition of rat CYP1A2, CYP2D2, and CYP2C6. The activities of rat CYP2A, CYP2B, CYP2C11, and CYP3A and human CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, and CYP3A4 were not altered. Oleamide did not interact with human pregnane X, constitutive androstane, or aryl hydrocarbon receptors in reporter gene experiments and did not regulate their target P450 genes in primary human hepatocytes. Our results indicate that oleamide caused the downregulation of some rat liver P450s, and hormones are not mediators of this effect. In vitro oleamide inhibits mainly rat CYP2C6 and is neither an agonist nor antagonist of major human nuclear receptors involved in the regulation of xenobiotic metabolism.

PMID:
29650790
DOI:
10.1124/dmd.117.079582

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