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Estimating the False Positive Rate of Absent Somatosensory Evoked Potentials in Cardiac Arrest Prognostication.

Amorim E, Ghassemi MM, Lee JW, Greer DM, Kaplan PW, Cole AJ, Cash SS, Bianchi MT, Westover MB.

Crit Care Med. 2018 Sep 21. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003436. [Epub ahead of print]


Bilateral independent periodic discharges are associated with electrographic seizures and poor outcome: A case-control study.

Osman G, Rahangdale R, Britton JW, Gilmore EJ, Haider HA, Hantus S, Herlopian A, Hocker SE, Woo Lee J, Legros B, Mendoza M, Punia V, Rampal N, Szaflarski JP, Wallace AD, Westover MB, Hirsch LJ, Gaspard N.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2018 Aug 29;129(11):2284-2289. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2018.07.025. [Epub ahead of print]


A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Examining the Impact of Sleep Disturbance on Postoperative Delirium.

Fadayomi AB, Ibala R, Bilotta F, Westover MB, Akeju O.

Crit Care Med. 2018 Sep 14. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000003400. [Epub ahead of print]


EEG Reactivity Evaluation Practices for Adult and Pediatric Hypoxic-Ischemic Coma Prognostication in North America.

Amorim E, Gilmore EJ, Abend NS, Hahn CD, Gaspard N, Herman ST, Hirsch LJ, Lee JW, Cash SS, Westover MB.

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2018 Sep 13. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000517. [Epub ahead of print]


Effect of epileptiform abnormality burden on neurologic outcome and antiepileptic drug management after subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Zafar SF, Postma EN, Biswal S, Boyle EJ, Bechek S, O'Connor K, Shenoy A, Kim J, Shafi MS, Patel AB, Rosenthal ES, Westover MB.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2018 Sep 1;129(11):2219-2227. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2018.08.015. [Epub ahead of print]


Antiepileptic drug treatment after an unprovoked first seizure: A decision analysis.

Bao EL, Chao LY, Ni P, Moura LMVR, Cole AJ, Cash SS, Hoch DB, Bianchi MT, Westover MB.

Neurology. 2018 Oct 9;91(15):e1429-e1439. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000006319. Epub 2018 Sep 12.


Interictal Epileptiform Discharge Detection in EEG in Different Practice Settings.

Halford JJ, Westover MB, LaRoche SM, Macken MP, Kutluay E, Edwards JC, Bonilha L, Kalamangalam GP, Ding K, Hopp JL, Arain A, Dawson RA, Martz GU, Wolf BJ, Waters CG, Dean BC.

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2018 Sep;35(5):375-380. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000492.


EEG findings in CAR T-cell therapy-related encephalopathy.

Herlopian A, Dietrich J, Abramson JS, Cole AJ, Westover MB.

Neurology. 2018 Jul 31;91(5):227-229. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000005910. Epub 2018 Jun 29. No abstract available.


Real-Time, Automated Detection of Ventilator-Associated Events: Avoiding Missed Detections, Misclassifications, and False Detections Due to Human Error.

Shenoy ES, Rosenthal ES, Shao YP, Biswal S, Ghanta M, Ryan EE, Suslak D, Swanson N, Junior VM, Hooper DC, Westover MB.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2018 Jul;39(7):826-833. doi: 10.1017/ice.2018.97. Epub 2018 May 17.


Randomized trial of lacosamide versus fosphenytoin for nonconvulsive seizures.

Husain AM, Lee JW, Kolls BJ, Hirsch LJ, Halford JJ, Gupta PK, Minazad Y, Jones JM, LaRoche SM, Herman ST, Swisher CB, Sinha SR, Palade A, Dombrowski KE, Gallentine WB, Hahn CD, Gerard EE, Bhapkar M, Lokhnygina Y, Westover MB; Critical Care EEG Monitoring Research Consortium.

Ann Neurol. 2018 Jun;83(6):1174-1185. doi: 10.1002/ana.25249.


Minimizing ICU Neurological Dysfunction with Dexmedetomidine-induced Sleep (MINDDS): protocol for a randomised, double-blind, parallel-arm, placebo-controlled trial.

Shelton KT, Qu J, Bilotta F, Brown EN, Cudemus G, D'Alessandro DA, Deng H, DiBiasio A, Gitlin JA, Hahm EY, Hobbs LE, Houle TT, Ibala R, Loggia ML, Pavone KJ, Shaefi S, Tolis G, Westover MB, Akeju O.

BMJ Open. 2018 Apr 20;8(4):e020316. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020316.


Continuous electroencephalography predicts delayed cerebral ischemia after subarachnoid hemorrhage: A prospective study of diagnostic accuracy.

Rosenthal ES, Biswal S, Zafar SF, O'Connor KL, Bechek S, Shenoy AV, Boyle EJ, Shafi MM, Gilmore EJ, Foreman BP, Gaspard N, Leslie-Mazwi TM, Rosand J, Hoch DB, Ayata C, Cash SS, Cole AJ, Patel AB, Westover MB.

Ann Neurol. 2018 May;83(5):958-969. doi: 10.1002/ana.25232. Epub 2018 May 16.


Epileptiform activity in traumatic brain injury predicts post-traumatic epilepsy.

Kim JA, Boyle EJ, Wu AC, Cole AJ, Staley KJ, Zafar S, Cash SS, Westover MB.

Ann Neurol. 2018 Apr;83(4):858-862. doi: 10.1002/ana.25211. Epub 2018 Apr 10.


Rule of 100: a litmus test for informationless diagnostic tests.

Westover AM, Shapiro D, Westover MB, Bianchi MT.

Postgrad Med J. 2018 Jun;94(1112):364-366. doi: 10.1136/postgradmedj-2018-135555. Epub 2018 Mar 7. No abstract available.


Design, implementation, and evaluation of a physiological closed-loop control device for medically-induced coma.

Jingzhi An, Purdon PL, Solt K, Sims NM, Brown EN, Westover MB.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2017 Jul;2017:4313-4316. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037810.


Automated epileptiform spike detection via affinity propagation-based template matching.

Thomas J, Jing Jin, Dauwels J, Cash SS, Westover MB.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2017 Jul;2017:3057-3060. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037502.


Association of an Electroencephalography-Based Risk Score With Seizure Probability in Hospitalized Patients.

Struck AF, Ustun B, Ruiz AR, Lee JW, LaRoche SM, Hirsch LJ, Gilmore EJ, Vlachy J, Haider HA, Rudin C, Westover MB.

JAMA Neurol. 2017 Dec 1;74(12):1419-1424. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.2459.


Large-Scale Automated Sleep Staging.

Sun H, Jia J, Goparaju B, Huang GB, Sourina O, Bianchi MT, Westover MB.

Sleep. 2017 Oct 1;40(10). doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsx139.


Electronic Health Data Predict Outcomes After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.

Zafar SF, Postma EN, Biswal S, Fleuren L, Boyle EJ, Bechek S, O'Connor K, Shenoy A, Jonnalagadda D, Kim J, Shafi MS, Patel AB, Rosenthal ES, Westover MB.

Neurocrit Care. 2018 Apr;28(2):184-193. doi: 10.1007/s12028-017-0466-8.



Bianchi MT, Thomas RJ, Westover MB.

Sleep Med. 2017 Oct;38:160-161. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.07.017. Epub 2017 Aug 3. No abstract available.


Interictal epileptiform discharge characteristics underlying expert interrater agreement.

Bagheri E, Dauwels J, Dean BC, Waters CG, Westover MB, Halford JJ.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Oct;128(10):1994-2005. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.06.252. Epub 2017 Jul 18.


Time-dependent risk of seizures in critically ill patients on continuous electroencephalogram.

Struck AF, Osman G, Rampal N, Biswal S, Legros B, Hirsch LJ, Westover MB, Gaspard N.

Ann Neurol. 2017 Aug;82(2):177-185. doi: 10.1002/ana.24985. Epub 2017 Jul 19.


Accuracy of Limited-Montage Electroencephalography in Monitoring Postanoxic Comatose Patients.

Pati S, McClain L, Moura L, Fan Y, Westover MB.

Clin EEG Neurosci. 2017 Nov;48(6):422-427. doi: 10.1177/1550059417715389. Epub 2017 Jun 22.


What it should mean for an algorithm to pass a statistical Turing test for detection of epileptiform discharges.

Westover MB, Halford JJ, Bianchi MT.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Jul;128(7):1406-1407. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.02.026. Epub 2017 Mar 16. No abstract available.


Patient-Specific Classification of ICU Sedation Levels From Heart Rate Variability.

Nagaraj SB, Biswal S, Boyle EJ, Zhou DW, McClain LM, Bajwa EK, Quraishi SA, Akeju O, Barbieri R, Purdon PL, Westover MB.

Crit Care Med. 2017 Jul;45(7):e683-e690. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002364.


Alternative remedies for insomnia: a proposed method for personalized therapeutic trials.

Romero K, Goparaju B, Russo K, Westover MB, Bianchi MT.

Nat Sci Sleep. 2017 Mar 17;9:97-108. doi: 10.2147/NSS.S128095. eCollection 2017.


Reply: Computer models to inform epilepsy surgery strategies: prediction of postoperative outcome.

Sinha N, Dauwels J, Kaiser M, Cash SS, Westover MB, Wang Y, Taylor PN.

Brain. 2017 May 1;140(5):e31. doi: 10.1093/brain/awx068. No abstract available.


An open request to epidemiologists: please stop querying self-reported sleep duration.

Bianchi MT, Thomas RJ, Westover MB.

Sleep Med. 2017 Jul;35:92-93. doi: 10.1016/j.sleep.2017.02.001. Epub 2017 Feb 17. No abstract available.


Heart rate variability as a biomarker for sedation depth estimation in ICU patients.

Nagaraj SB, Ramaswamy SM, Biswal S, Boyle EJ, Zhou DW, Mcclain LM, Rosenthal ES, Purdon PL, Westover MB.

Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2016 Aug;2016:6397-6400. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2016.7592192.


Epileptiform abnormalities predict delayed cerebral ischemia in subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Kim JA, Rosenthal ES, Biswal S, Zafar S, Shenoy AV, O'Connor KL, Bechek SC, Valdery Moura J, Shafi MM, Patel AB, Cash SS, Westover MB.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Jun;128(6):1091-1099. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2017.01.016. Epub 2017 Jan 29.


cEEG electrode-related pressure ulcers in acutely hospitalized patients.

Moura LM, Carneiro TS, Kwasnik D, Moura VF Junior, Blodgett CS, Cohen J, McKenna Guanci M, Hoch DB, Hsu J, Cole AJ, Westover MB.

Neurol Clin Pract. 2017 Feb;7(1):15-25. doi: 10.1212/CPJ.0000000000000312.


Big data in sleep medicine: prospects and pitfalls in phenotyping.

Bianchi MT, Russo K, Gabbidon H, Smith T, Goparaju B, Westover MB.

Nat Sci Sleep. 2017 Feb 16;9:11-29. doi: 10.2147/NSS.S130141. eCollection 2017.


ADARRI: a novel method to detect spurious R-peaks in the electrocardiogram for heart rate variability analysis in the intensive care unit.

Rebergen DJ, Nagaraj SB, Rosenthal ES, Bianchi MT, van Putten MJAM, Westover MB.

J Clin Monit Comput. 2018 Feb;32(1):53-61. doi: 10.1007/s10877-017-9999-9. Epub 2017 Feb 16.


Causal inference as an emerging statistical approach in neurology: an example for epilepsy in the elderly.

Moura LM, Westover MB, Kwasnik D, Cole AJ, Hsu J.

Clin Epidemiol. 2016 Dec 30;9:9-18. doi: 10.2147/CLEP.S121023. eCollection 2017. Review.


Selection of first-line therapy in multiple sclerosis using risk-benefit decision analysis.

Bargiela D, Bianchi MT, Westover MB, Chibnik LB, Healy BC, De Jager PL, Xia Z.

Neurology. 2017 Feb 14;88(7):677-684. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003612. Epub 2017 Jan 13.


Performance of Spectrogram-Based Seizure Identification of Adult EEGs by Critical Care Nurses and Neurophysiologists.

Amorim E, Williamson CA, Moura LMVR, Shafi MM, Gaspard N, Rosenthal ES, Guanci MM, Rajajee V, Westover MB.

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Jul;34(4):359-364. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000368.


Therapeutic coma for status epilepticus: Differing practices in a prospective multicenter study.

Alvarez V, Lee JW, Westover MB, Drislane FW, Novy J, Faouzi M, Marchi NA, Dworetzky BA, Rossetti AO.

Neurology. 2016 Oct 18;87(16):1650-1659. Epub 2016 Sep 24.


A cost-effectiveness analysis of nasal surgery to increase continuous positive airway pressure adherence in sleep apnea patients with nasal obstruction.

Kempfle JS, BuSaba NY, Dobrowski JM, Westover MB, Bianchi MT.

Laryngoscope. 2017 Apr;127(4):977-983. doi: 10.1002/lary.26257. Epub 2016 Sep 22.


Continuous EEG monitoring enhances multimodal outcome prediction in hypoxic-ischemic brain injury.

Amorim E, Rittenberger JC, Zheng JJ, Westover MB, Baldwin ME, Callaway CW, Popescu A; Post Cardiac Arrest Service.

Resuscitation. 2016 Dec;109:121-126. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.08.012. Epub 2016 Aug 21.


Sensitivity of quantitative EEG for seizure identification in the intensive care unit.

Haider HA, Esteller R, Hahn CD, Westover MB, Halford JJ, Lee JW, Shafi MM, Gaspard N, Herman ST, Gerard EE, Hirsch LJ, Ehrenberg JA, LaRoche SM; Critical Care EEG Monitoring Research Consortium.

Neurology. 2016 Aug 30;87(9):935-44. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000003034. Epub 2016 Jul 27.


Decision analysis of intracranial monitoring in non-lesional epilepsy.

Hotan GC, Struck AF, Bianchi MT, Eskandar EN, Cole AJ, Westover MB.

Seizure. 2016 Aug;40:59-70. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2016.06.010. Epub 2016 Jun 18.


The continuum of spreading depolarizations in acute cortical lesion development: Examining Leão's legacy.

Hartings JA, Shuttleworth CW, Kirov SA, Ayata C, Hinzman JM, Foreman B, Andrew RD, Boutelle MG, Brennan KC, Carlson AP, Dahlem MA, Drenckhahn C, Dohmen C, Fabricius M, Farkas E, Feuerstein D, Graf R, Helbok R, Lauritzen M, Major S, Oliveira-Ferreira AI, Richter F, Rosenthal ES, Sakowitz OW, Sánchez-Porras R, Santos E, Schöll M, Strong AJ, Urbach A, Westover MB, Winkler MK, Witte OW, Woitzik J, Dreier JP.

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2017 May;37(5):1571-1594. doi: 10.1177/0271678X16654495. Epub 2016 Jan 1. Review.


Recording, analysis, and interpretation of spreading depolarizations in neurointensive care: Review and recommendations of the COSBID research group.

Dreier JP, Fabricius M, Ayata C, Sakowitz OW, William Shuttleworth C, Dohmen C, Graf R, Vajkoczy P, Helbok R, Suzuki M, Schiefecker AJ, Major S, Winkler MK, Kang EJ, Milakara D, Oliveira-Ferreira AI, Reiffurth C, Revankar GS, Sugimoto K, Dengler NF, Hecht N, Foreman B, Feyen B, Kondziella D, Friberg CK, Piilgaard H, Rosenthal ES, Westover MB, Maslarova A, Santos E, Hertle D, Sánchez-Porras R, Jewell SL, Balança B, Platz J, Hinzman JM, Lückl J, Schoknecht K, Schöll M, Drenckhahn C, Feuerstein D, Eriksen N, Horst V, Bretz JS, Jahnke P, Scheel M, Bohner G, Rostrup E, Pakkenberg B, Heinemann U, Claassen J, Carlson AP, Kowoll CM, Lublinsky S, Chassidim Y, Shelef I, Friedman A, Brinker G, Reiner M, Kirov SA, Andrew RD, Farkas E, Güresir E, Vatter H, Chung LS, Brennan KC, Lieutaud T, Marinesco S, Maas AI, Sahuquillo J, Dahlem MA, Richter F, Herreras O, Boutelle MG, Okonkwo DO, Bullock MR, Witte OW, Martus P, van den Maagdenberg AM, Ferrari MD, Dijkhuizen RM, Shutter LA, Andaluz N, Schulte AP, MacVicar B, Watanabe T, Woitzik J, Lauritzen M, Strong AJ, Hartings JA.

J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2017 May;37(5):1595-1625. doi: 10.1177/0271678X16654496. Epub 2016 Jan 1. Review.


Interrater Agreement for Consensus Definitions of Delayed Ischemic Events After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.

Zafar SF, Westover MB, Gaspard N, Gilmore EJ, Foreman BP, OʼConnor KL, Rosenthal ES.

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Jun;33(3):235-40. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000276. Review.


Automation of Classical QEEG Trending Methods for Early Detection of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia: More Work to Do.

Wickering E, Gaspard N, Zafar S, Moura VJ, Biswal S, Bechek S, OʼConnor K, Rosenthal ES, Westover MB.

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Jun;33(3):227-34. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000278. Review.


Clinical Development and Implementation of an Institutional Guideline for Prospective EEG Monitoring and Reporting of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia.

Muniz CF, Shenoy AV, OʼConnor KL, Bechek SC, Boyle EJ, Guanci MM, Tehan TM, Zafar SF, Cole AJ, Patel AB, Westover MB, Rosenthal ES.

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Jun;33(3):217-26. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000281. Review.


Not a Simple Plumbing Problem: Updating Our Understanding of Delayed Cerebral Ischemia in Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage.

Westover MB, Gaspard N.

J Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Jun;33(3):171-3. doi: 10.1097/WNP.0000000000000269. No abstract available.


Metabolic Correlates of the Ictal-Interictal Continuum: FDG-PET During Continuous EEG.

Struck AF, Westover MB, Hall LT, Deck GM, Cole AJ, Rosenthal ES.

Neurocrit Care. 2016 Jun;24(3):324-31. doi: 10.1007/s12028-016-0245-y.


Automatic Classification of Sedation Levels in ICU Patients Using Heart Rate Variability.

Nagaraj SB, McClain LM, Zhou DW, Biswal S, Rosenthal ES, Purdon PL, Westover MB.

Crit Care Med. 2016 Sep;44(9):e782-9. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000001708.


Monitoring burst suppression in critically ill patients: Multi-centric evaluation of a novel method.

Fürbass F, Herta J, Koren J, Westover MB, Hartmann MM, Gruber A, Baumgartner C, Kluge T.

Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Apr;127(4):2038-46. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2016.02.001. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

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