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Drugs, discipline and death: Causes and predictors of mortality among people who inject drugs in Tijuana, 2011-2018.

West BS, Abramovitz DA, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rangel G, Werb D, Cepeda J, Beletsky L, Strathdee SA.

Int J Drug Policy. 2020 Jan;75:102601. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.11.009. Epub 2019 Nov 24.


Opioid agonist treatment scale-up and the initiation of injection drug use: A dynamic modeling analysis.

Marks C, Borquez A, Jain S, Sun X, Strathdee SA, Garfein RS, Milloy MJ, DeBeck K, Cepeda JA, Werb D, Martin NK.

PLoS Med. 2019 Nov 26;16(11):e1002973. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002973. eCollection 2019 Nov.


The role of gender and power dynamics in injection initiation events within intimate partnerships in the US-Mexico border region.

Meyers SA, Smith LR, Luisa Mittal M, Strathdee SA, Garfein RS, Guise A, Werb D, Rafful C.

Cult Health Sex. 2019 Oct 18:1-16. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2019.1651903. [Epub ahead of print]


Guidelines for public health and safety metrics to evaluate the potential harms and benefits of cannabis regulation in Canada.

Lake S, Kerr T, Werb D, Haines-Saah R, Fischer B, Thomas G, Walsh Z, Ware MA, Wood E, Milloy MJ.

Drug Alcohol Rev. 2019 Sep;38(6):606-621. doi: 10.1111/dar.12971. Review. Erratum in: Drug Alcohol Rev. 2020 Jan;39(1):103.


"Another Person Was Going to Do It": The Provision of Injection Drug Use Initiation Assistance in a High-Risk U.S.-Mexico Border Region.

Mittal ML, Guise A, Rafful C, Gonzalez-Zuñiga P, Davidson P, Vashishtha D, Strathdee SA, Werb D.

Subst Use Misuse. 2019;54(14):2338-2350. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2019.1648514. Epub 2019 Aug 7.


Navigating social norms of injection initiation assistance during an overdose crisis: A qualitative study of the perspectives of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Vancouver, Canada.

Olding M, Werb D, Guise A, Small W, McNeil R.

Int J Drug Policy. 2019 Jul;69:24-33. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.04.004. Epub 2019 Apr 28.


Prevalence and correlates of selling illicit cannabis among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada: A ten-year prospective cohort study.

Reddon H, Fast D, DeBeck K, Werb D, Hayashi K, Wood E, Milloy MJ.

Int J Drug Policy. 2019 Jul;69:16-23. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.02.006. Epub 2019 Apr 20.


Opioid agonist treatment and the process of injection drug use initiation.

Mittal ML, Jain S, Sun S, DeBeck K, Milloy MJ, Hayashi K, Hadland SE, Werb D.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 Apr 1;197:354-360. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.12.018. Epub 2019 Jan 22.


Prevalence and Correlates of Injecting with Visitors from the United States Among People Who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico.

Bórquez A, Garfein RS, Abramovitz D, Liu L, Beletsky L, Werb D, Mehta SR, Rangel G, Magis-Rodríguez C, González-Zúñiga P, Strathdee SA.

J Immigr Minor Health. 2019 Dec;21(6):1200-1207. doi: 10.1007/s10903-019-00868-8.


Gender differences in the provision of injection initiation assistance: a comparison of three North American settings.

Meyers SA, Scheim A, Jain S, Sun X, Milloy MJ, DeBeck K, Hayashi K, Garfein RS, Werb D.

Harm Reduct J. 2018 Dec 4;15(1):59. doi: 10.1186/s12954-018-0270-6.


Where Is the Opioid Use Epidemic in Mexico? A Cautionary Tale for Policymakers South of the US-Mexico Border.

Goodman-Meza D, Medina-Mora ME, Magis-Rodríguez C, Landovitz RJ, Shoptaw S, Werb D.

Am J Public Health. 2018 Nov 29:e1-e10. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2018.304767. [Epub ahead of print]


Identification of a Syndemic of Blood-Borne Disease Transmission and Injection Drug Use Initiation at the US-Mexico Border.

Rafful C, Jain S, Sun X, Strathdee SA, Garfein RS, Cuevas-Mota J, Magis-Rodríguez C, Smith LR, Werb D.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Dec 15;79(5):559-565. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001858.


The global health and equity imperative for safe consumption facilities.

Beletsky L, Baker P, Arredondo J, Emuka A, Goodman-Meza D, Medina-Mora ME, Werb D, Davidson P, Amon JJ, Strathdee S, Magis-Rodriguez C.

Lancet. 2018 Aug 18;392(10147):553-554. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31469-7. Epub 2018 Aug 16. No abstract available.


Integrating supervised consumption into a continuum of care for people who use drugs.

Scheim A, Werb D.

CMAJ. 2018 Aug 7;190(31):E921-E922. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.180824. No abstract available.


Comparing risk environments for HIV among people who inject drugs from three cities in Northern Mexico.

Ospina-Escobar A, Magis-Rodríguez C, Juárez F, Werb D, Bautista Arredondo S, Carreón R, Ramos ME, Strathdee S.

Harm Reduct J. 2018 May 18;15(1):27. doi: 10.1186/s12954-018-0225-y.


A fragmented code: The moral and structural context for providing assistance with injection drug use initiation in San Diego, USA.

Guise A, Melo J, Mittal ML, Rafful C, Cuevas-Mota J, Davidson P, Garfein RS, Werb D.

Int J Drug Policy. 2018 May;55:51-60. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.02.009. Epub 2018 Mar 7.


Injection Drug Use Trajectories among Migrant Populations: A Narrative Review.

Melo JS, Mittal ML, Horyniak D, Strathdee SA, Werb D.

Subst Use Misuse. 2018 Jul 29;53(9):1558-1570. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1416404. Epub 2018 Jan 24. Review.


Increased non-fatal overdose risk associated with involuntary drug treatment in a longitudinal study with people who inject drugs.

Rafful C, Orozco R, Rangel G, Davidson P, Werb D, Beletsky L, Strathdee SA.

Addiction. 2018 Jun;113(6):1056-1063. doi: 10.1111/add.14159. Epub 2018 Feb 13.


Do law enforcement interactions reduce the initiation of injection drug use? An investigation in three North American settings.

Melo JS, Garfein RS, Hayashi K, Milloy MJ, DeBeck K, Sun S, Jain S, Strathdee SA, Werb D.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018 Jan 1;182:67-73. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2017.10.009. Epub 2017 Nov 16.


Cross-border migration and initiation of others into drug injecting in Tijuana, Mexico.

Rafful C, Melo J, Medina-Mora ME, Rangel G, Sun X, Jain S, Werb D.

Drug Alcohol Rev. 2018 Apr;37 Suppl 1:S277-S284. doi: 10.1111/dar.12630. Epub 2017 Nov 22.


History of medication-assisted treatment and its association with initiating others into injection drug use in San Diego, CA.

Mittal ML, Vashishtha D, Sun S, Jain S, Cuevas-Mota J, Garfein R, Strathdee SA, Werb D.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2017 Oct 3;12(1):42. doi: 10.1186/s13011-017-0126-1.


Preventing Injection Drug use Initiation: State of the Evidence and Opportunities for the Future.

Werb D, Bluthenthal RN, Kolla G, Strike C, Kral AH, Uusküla A, Des Jarlais D.

J Urban Health. 2018 Feb;95(1):91-98. doi: 10.1007/s11524-017-0192-8. No abstract available.


Non-injection Drug Use and Injection Initiation Assistance among People Who Inject Drugs in Tijuana, Mexico.

Ben Hamida A, Rafful C, Jain S, Sun S, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rangel G, Strathdee SA, Werb D.

J Urban Health. 2018 Feb;95(1):83-90. doi: 10.1007/s11524-017-0188-4.


Post-war prevention: Emerging frameworks to prevent drug use after the War on Drugs.

Werb D.

Int J Drug Policy. 2018 Jan;51:160-164. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.06.012. Epub 2017 Jul 19.


The experience of initiating injection drug use and its social context: a qualitative systematic review and thematic synthesis.

Guise A, Horyniak D, Melo J, McNeil R, Werb D.

Addiction. 2017 Dec;112(12):2098-2111. doi: 10.1111/add.13957. Epub 2017 Sep 29. Review.


The North American opioid epidemic: current challenges and a call for treatment as prevention.

Vashishtha D, Mittal ML, Werb D.

Harm Reduct J. 2017 May 12;14(1):7. doi: 10.1186/s12954-017-0135-4. Review.


The effect of incarceration on housing stability among homeless and vulnerably housed individuals in three Canadian cities: A prospective cohort study.

To MJ, Palepu A, Matheson FI, Ecker J, Farrell S, Hwang SW, Werb D.

Can J Public Health. 2017 Mar 1;107(6):e550-e555. doi: 10.17269/cjph.107.5607.


Differential experiences of Mexican policing by people who inject drugs residing in Tijuana and San Diego.

Wood EF, Werb D, Beletsky L, Rangel G, Cuevas Mota J, Garfein RS, Strathdee SA, Wagner KD.

Int J Drug Policy. 2017 Mar;41:132-139. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.12.010. Epub 2017 Jan 19.


How can we investigate the role of topiramate in the treatment of cocaine use disorder more thoroughly?

Klimas J, Wood E, Werb D.

Addiction. 2017 Jan;112(1):182-183. doi: 10.1111/add.13618. Epub 2016 Nov 3. No abstract available.


The Spatial-Temporal Pattern of Policing Following a Drug Policy Reform: Triangulating Self-Reported Arrests With Official Crime Statistics.

Gaines TL, Werb D, Arredondo J, Alaniz VM, Vilalta C, Beletsky L.

Subst Use Misuse. 2017 Jan 28;52(2):214-222. Epub 2016 Oct 21.


A socio-structural approach to preventing injection drug use initiation: rationale for the PRIMER study.

Werb D, Garfein R, Kerr T, Davidson P, Roux P, Jauffret-Roustide M, Auriacombe M, Small W, Strathdee SA.

Harm Reduct J. 2016 Sep 15;13(1):25. doi: 10.1186/s12954-016-0114-1.


Utilization of Google enterprise tools to georeference survey data among hard-to-reach groups: strategic application in international settings.

Beletsky L, Arredondo J, Werb D, Vera A, Abramovitz D, Amon JJ, Brouwer KC, Strathdee SA, Gaines TL.

Int J Health Geogr. 2016 Jul 28;15(1):24. doi: 10.1186/s12942-016-0053-9.


A call to reprioritise metrics to evaluate illicit drug policy.

Werb D, Kazatchkine M, Kerr T, Nutt D, Strathdee S, Hankins C, Hayashi K, Montaner J, Jarlais DD, Maghsoudi N, Wood E.

Lancet. 2016 Apr 2;387(10026):1371. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)30074-5. No abstract available.


Spatial patterns of arrests, police assault and addiction treatment center locations in Tijuana, Mexico.

Werb D, Strathdee SA, Vera A, Arredondo J, Beletsky L, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Gaines T.

Addiction. 2016 Jul;111(7):1246-56. doi: 10.1111/add.13350. Epub 2016 Apr 28.


Topiramate for cocaine dependence: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Singh M, Keer D, Klimas J, Wood E, Werb D.

Addiction. 2016 Aug;111(8):1337-46. doi: 10.1111/add.13328. Epub 2016 Apr 1. Review.


Risk of violence in drug rehabilitation centers: perceptions of people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico.

Harvey-Vera AY, González-Zúñiga P, Vargas-Ojeda AC, Medina-Mora ME, Magis-Rodríguez CL, Wagner K, Strathdee SA, Werb D.

Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2016 Jan 26;11:5. doi: 10.1186/s13011-015-0044-z.


The effectiveness of compulsory drug treatment: A systematic review.

Werb D, Kamarulzaman A, Meacham MC, Rafful C, Fischer B, Strathdee SA, Wood E.

Int J Drug Policy. 2016 Feb;28:1-9. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.12.005. Epub 2015 Dec 18. Review.


Predictors of needle exchange program utilization during its implementation and expansion in Tijuana, Mexico.

Smith DM, Werb D, Abramovitz D, Magis-Rodriguez C, Vera A, Patterson TL, Strathdee SA; for Proyecto El Cuete.

Am J Addict. 2016 Mar;25(2):118-24. doi: 10.1111/ajad.12326. Epub 2016 Jan 14.


Institutional stakeholder perceptions of barriers to addiction treatment under Mexico's drug policy reform.

Werb D, Strathdee SA, Meza E, Rangel Gomez MG, Palinkas L, Medina-Mora ME, Beletsky L.

Glob Public Health. 2017 May;12(5):519-530. doi: 10.1080/17441692.2015.1093524. Epub 2015 Dec 13.


Prevalence and correlates of neck injection among people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico.

Rafful C, Wagner KD, Werb D, González-Zúñiga PE, Verdugo S, Rangel G, Strathdee SA.

Drug Alcohol Rev. 2015 Nov;34(6):630-6. doi: 10.1111/dar.12264. Epub 2015 Apr 13.


High dead-space syringe use among people who inject drugs in Tijuana, Mexico.

Rafful C, Zule W, González-Zúñiga PE, Werb D, Medina-Mora ME, Magis-Rodriguez C, Strathdee SA.

Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2015 May;41(3):220-5. doi: 10.3109/00952990.2015.1011742. Epub 2015 Feb 19.


Police bribery and access to methadone maintenance therapy within the context of drug policy reform in Tijuana, Mexico.

Werb D, Wagner KD, Beletsky L, Gonzalez-Zuniga P, Rangel G, Strathdee SA.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Mar 1;148:221-5. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.01.011. Epub 2015 Jan 20.


Mexico's "ley de narcomenudeo" drug policy reform and the international drug control regime.

Mackey TK, Werb D, Beletsky L, Rangel G, Arredondo J, Strathdee SA.

Harm Reduct J. 2014 Nov 14;11(1):31. doi: 10.1186/1477-7517-11-31.


Examining the spatial distribution of law enforcement encounters among people who inject drugs after implementation of Mexico's drug policy reform.

Gaines TL, Beletsky L, Arredondo J, Werb D, Rangel G, Vera A, Brouwer K.

J Urban Health. 2015 Apr;92(2):338-51. doi: 10.1007/s11524-014-9907-2.


Development of a brief substance use sensation seeking scale: validation and prediction of injection-related behaviors.

Werb D, Richardson C, Buxton J, Shoveller J, Wood E, Kerr T.

AIDS Behav. 2015 Feb;19(2):352-61. doi: 10.1007/s10461-014-0875-z.


Mexico's drug policy reform: cutting edge success or crisis in the making?

Werb D, Mora ME, Beletsky L, Rafful C, Mackey T, Arredondo J, Strathdee SA.

Int J Drug Policy. 2014 Sep;25(5):823-5. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.05.014. Epub 2014 Jun 2. No abstract available.


Crystal methamphetamine and initiation of injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting.

Werb D, Kerr T, Buxton J, Shoveller J, Richardson C, Montaner J, Wood E.

CMAJ. 2013 Dec 10;185(18):1569-75. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.130295. Epub 2013 Oct 15.


The temporal relationship between drug supply indicators: an audit of international government surveillance systems.

Werb D, Kerr T, Nosyk B, Strathdee S, Montaner J, Wood E.

BMJ Open. 2013 Sep 30;3(9):e003077. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003077.


Interventions to prevent the initiation of injection drug use: a systematic review.

Werb D, Buxton J, Shoveller J, Richardson C, Rowell G, Wood E.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Dec 1;133(2):669-76. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.08.017. Epub 2013 Sep 2. Review.


Patterns of injection drug use cessation during an expansion of syringe exchange services in a Canadian setting.

Werb D, Kerr T, Buxton J, Shoveller J, Richardson C, Montaner J, Wood E.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Oct 1;132(3):535-40. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.03.024. Epub 2013 May 1.

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