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The Future of Complementarity: Disentangling Causes from Consequences.

Barry KE, Mommer L, van Ruijven J, Wirth C, Wright AJ, Bai Y, Connolly J, De Deyn GB, de Kroon H, Isbell F, Milcu A, Roscher C, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schmid B, Weigelt A.

Trends Ecol Evol. 2019 Feb;34(2):167-180. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.10.013. Epub 2018 Dec 4. Review.


Mycorrhiza in tree diversity-ecosystem function relationships: conceptual framework and experimental implementation.

Ferlian O, Cesarz S, Craven D, Hines J, Barry KE, Bruelheide H, Buscot F, Haider S, Heklau H, Herrmann S, Kühn P, Pruschitzki U, Schädler M, Wagg C, Weigelt A, Wubet T, Eisenhauer N.

Ecosphere. 2018 May 30;9(5):e02226. doi: 10.1002/ecs2.2226.


Multiple facets of biodiversity drive the diversity-stability relationship.

Craven D, Eisenhauer N, Pearse WD, Hautier Y, Isbell F, Roscher C, Bahn M, Beierkuhnlein C, Bönisch G, Buchmann N, Byun C, Catford JA, Cerabolini BEL, Cornelissen JHC, Craine JM, De Luca E, Ebeling A, Griffin JN, Hector A, Hines J, Jentsch A, Kattge J, Kreyling J, Lanta V, Lemoine N, Meyer ST, Minden V, Onipchenko V, Polley HW, Reich PB, van Ruijven J, Schamp B, Smith MD, Soudzilovskaia NA, Tilman D, Weigelt A, Wilsey B, Manning P.

Nat Ecol Evol. 2018 Oct;2(10):1579-1587. doi: 10.1038/s41559-018-0647-7. Epub 2018 Aug 27.


Functional groups differ in trait means, but not in trait plasticity to species richness in local grassland communities.

Roscher C, Schumacher J, Lipowsky A, Gubsch M, Weigelt A, Schmid B, Buchmann N, Schulze ED.

Ecology. 2018 Oct;99(10):2295-2307. doi: 10.1002/ecy.2447. Epub 2018 Aug 27.


Origin context of trait data matters for predictions of community performance in a grassland biodiversity experiment.

Roscher C, Schumacher J, Gubsch M, Lipowsky A, Weigelt A, Buchmann N, Schmid B, Schulze ED.

Ecology. 2018 May;99(5):1214-1226. doi: 10.1002/ecy.2216. Epub 2018 Apr 18.


Genotypic variability enhances the reproducibility of an ecological study.

Milcu A, Puga-Freitas R, Ellison AM, Blouin M, Scheu S, Freschet GT, Rose L, Barot S, Cesarz S, Eisenhauer N, Girin T, Assandri D, Bonkowski M, Buchmann N, Butenschoen O, Devidal S, Gleixner G, Gessler A, Gigon A, Greiner A, Grignani C, Hansart A, Kayler Z, Lange M, Lata JC, Le Galliard JF, Lukac M, Mannerheim N, Müller MEH, Pando A, Rotter P, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Seyhun R, Urban-Mead K, Weigelt A, Zavattaro L, Roy J.

Nat Ecol Evol. 2018 Feb;2(2):279-287. doi: 10.1038/s41559-017-0434-x. Epub 2018 Jan 15.


Biodiversity-multifunctionality relationships depend on identity and number of measured functions.

Meyer ST, Ptacnik R, Hillebrand H, Bessler H, Buchmann N, Ebeling A, Eisenhauer N, Engels C, Fischer M, Halle S, Klein AM, Oelmann Y, Roscher C, Rottstock T, Scherber C, Scheu S, Schmid B, Schulze ED, Temperton VM, Tscharntke T, Voigt W, Weigelt A, Wilcke W, Weisser WW.

Nat Ecol Evol. 2018 Jan;2(1):44-49. doi: 10.1038/s41559-017-0391-4. Epub 2017 Nov 27.


Root chemistry and soil fauna, but not soil abiotic conditions explain the effects of plant diversity on root decomposition.

Chen H, Oram NJ, Barry KE, Mommer L, van Ruijven J, de Kroon H, Ebeling A, Eisenhauer N, Fischer C, Gleixner G, Gessler A, González Macé O, Hacker N, Hildebrandt A, Lange M, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scheu S, Oelmann Y, Wagg C, Wilcke W, Wirth C, Weigelt A.

Oecologia. 2017 Nov;185(3):499-511. doi: 10.1007/s00442-017-3962-9. Epub 2017 Sep 19.


Plant diversity maintains long-term ecosystem productivity under frequent drought by increasing short-term variation.

Wagg C, O'Brien MJ, Vogel A, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Eisenhauer N, Schmid B, Weigelt A.

Ecology. 2017 Nov;98(11):2952-2961. doi: 10.1002/ecy.2003.


Effect of plant diversity on the diversity of soil organic compounds.

El Moujahid L, Le Roux X, Michalet S, Bellvert F, Weigelt A, Poly F.

PLoS One. 2017 Feb 6;12(2):e0170494. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170494. eCollection 2017.


Plants are less negatively affected by flooding when growing in species-rich plant communities.

Wright AJ, de Kroon H, Visser EJ, Buchmann T, Ebeling A, Eisenhauer N, Fischer C, Hildebrandt A, Ravenek J, Roscher C, Weigelt A, Weisser W, Voesenek LA, Mommer L.

New Phytol. 2017 Jan;213(2):645-656. doi: 10.1111/nph.14185. Epub 2016 Sep 15.


Atmospheric mercury concentrations observed at ground-based monitoring sites globally distributed in the framework of the GMOS network.

Sprovieri F, Pirrone N, Bencardino M, D'Amore F, Carbone F, Cinnirella S, Mannarino V, Landis M, Ebinghaus R, Weigelt A, Brunke EG, Labuschagne C, Martin L, Munthe J, Wängberg I, Artaxo P, Morais F, de Melo Jorge Barbosa H, Brito J, Cairns W, Barbante C, Del Carmen Diéguez M, Garcia PE, Dommergue A, Angot H, Magand O, Skov H, Horvat M, Kotnik J, Read KA, Neves LM, Gawlik BM, Sena F, Mashyanov N, Obolkin V, Wip D, Feng XB, Zhang H, Fu X, Ramachandran R, Cossa D, Knoery J, Marusczak N, Nerentorp M, Norstrom C.

Atmos Chem Phys. 2016 Sep 23;16(18):11915-11935. doi: 10.5194/acp-16-11915-2016.


Plant diversity and root traits benefit physical properties key to soil function in grasslands.

Gould IJ, Quinton JN, Weigelt A, De Deyn GB, Bardgett RD.

Ecol Lett. 2016 Sep;19(9):1140-9. doi: 10.1111/ele.12652. Epub 2016 Jul 26.


Plant diversity and functional groups affect Si and Ca pools in aboveground biomass of grassland systems.

Schaller J, Roscher C, Hillebrand H, Weigelt A, Oelmann Y, Wilcke W, Ebeling A, Weisser WW.

Oecologia. 2016 Sep;182(1):277-86. doi: 10.1007/s00442-016-3647-9. Epub 2016 May 10.


Plant diversity effects on grassland productivity are robust to both nutrient enrichment and drought.

Craven D, Isbell F, Manning P, Connolly J, Bruelheide H, Ebeling A, Roscher C, van Ruijven J, Weigelt A, Wilsey B, Beierkuhnlein C, de Luca E, Griffin JN, Hautier Y, Hector A, Jentsch A, Kreyling J, Lanta V, Loreau M, Meyer ST, Mori AS, Naeem S, Palmborg C, Polley HW, Reich PB, Schmid B, Siebenkäs A, Seabloom E, Thakur MP, Tilman D, Vogel A, Eisenhauer N.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2016 May 19;371(1694). pii: 20150277. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0277.


Plant species richness and functional traits affect community stability after a flood event.

Fischer FM, Wright AJ, Eisenhauer N, Ebeling A, Roscher C, Wagg C, Weigelt A, Weisser WW, Pillar VD.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2016 May 19;371(1694). pii: 20150276. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2015.0276.


Predicting stochastic community dynamics in grasslands under the assumption of competitive symmetry.

Lohier T, Jabot F, Weigelt A, Schmid B, Deffuant G.

J Theor Biol. 2016 Jun 21;399:53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2016.03.043. Epub 2016 Apr 6.


Plant species diversity affects soil-atmosphere fluxes of methane and nitrous oxide.

Niklaus PA, Le Roux X, Poly F, Buchmann N, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Weigelt A, Barnard RL.

Oecologia. 2016 Jul;181(3):919-30. doi: 10.1007/s00442-016-3611-8. Epub 2016 Apr 2.


Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes.

Isbell F, Craven D, Connolly J, Loreau M, Schmid B, Beierkuhnlein C, Bezemer TM, Bonin C, Bruelheide H, de Luca E, Ebeling A, Griffin JN, Guo Q, Hautier Y, Hector A, Jentsch A, Kreyling J, Lanta V, Manning P, Meyer ST, Mori AS, Naeem S, Niklaus PA, Polley HW, Reich PB, Roscher C, Seabloom EW, Smith MD, Thakur MP, Tilman D, Tracy BF, van der Putten WH, van Ruijven J, Weigelt A, Weisser WW, Wilsey B, Eisenhauer N.

Nature. 2015 Oct 22;526(7574):574-7. doi: 10.1038/nature15374. Epub 2015 Oct 14.


Plant diversity shapes microbe-rhizosphere effects on P mobilisation from organic matter in soil.

Hacker N, Ebeling A, Gessler A, Gleixner G, González Macé O, de Kroon H, Lange M, Mommer L, Eisenhauer N, Ravenek J, Scheu S, Weigelt A, Wagg C, Wilcke W, Oelmann Y.

Ecol Lett. 2015 Dec;18(12):1356-65. doi: 10.1111/ele.12530. Epub 2015 Sep 29.


Effects of plant diversity, functional group composition, and fertilization on soil microbial properties in experimental grassland.

Strecker T, Barnard RL, Niklaus PA, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Weigelt A, Scheu S, Eisenhauer N.

PLoS One. 2015 May 4;10(5):e0125678. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0125678. eCollection 2015.


Flooding disturbances increase resource availability and productivity but reduce stability in diverse plant communities.

Wright AJ, Ebeling A, de Kroon H, Roscher C, Weigelt A, Buchmann N, Buchmann T, Fischer C, Hacker N, Hildebrandt A, Leimer S, Mommer L, Oelmann Y, Scheu S, Steinauer K, Strecker T, Weisser W, Wilcke W, Eisenhauer N.

Nat Commun. 2015 Jan 20;6:6092. doi: 10.1038/ncomms7092.


No evidence of complementary water use along a plant species richness gradient in temperate experimental grasslands.

Bachmann D, Gockele A, Ravenek JM, Roscher C, Strecker T, Weigelt A, Buchmann N.

PLoS One. 2015 Jan 14;10(1):e0116367. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116367. eCollection 2015.


Plant diversity impacts decomposition and herbivory via changes in aboveground arthropods.

Ebeling A, Meyer ST, Abbas M, Eisenhauer N, Hillebrand H, Lange M, Scherber C, Vogel A, Weigelt A, Weisser WW.

PLoS One. 2014 Sep 16;9(9):e106529. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106529. eCollection 2014.


A diagnostic evaluation of modeled mercury wet depositions in Europe using atmospheric speciated high-resolution observations.

Bieser J, De Simone F, Gencarelli C, Geyer B, Hedgecock I, Matthias V, Travnikov O, Weigelt A.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2014;21(16):9995-10012. doi: 10.1007/s11356-014-2863-2. Epub 2014 Apr 25.


Changes in the abundance of grassland species in monocultures versus mixtures and their relation to biodiversity effects.

Marquard E, Schmid B, Roscher C, De Luca E, Nadrowski K, Weisser WW, Weigelt A.

PLoS One. 2013 Sep 30;8(9):e75599. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0075599. eCollection 2013.


Separating drought effects from roof artifacts on ecosystem processes in a grassland drought experiment.

Vogel A, Fester T, Eisenhauer N, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schmid B, Weisser WW, Weigelt A.

PLoS One. 2013 Aug 1;8(8):e70997. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070997. Print 2013.


Soil environmental conditions and microbial build-up mediate the effect of plant diversity on soil nitrifying and denitrifying enzyme activities in temperate grasslands.

Le Roux X, Schmid B, Poly F, Barnard RL, Niklaus PA, Guillaumaud N, Habekost M, Oelmann Y, Philippot L, Salles JF, Schloter M, Steinbeiss S, Weigelt A.

PLoS One. 2013 Apr 17;8(4):e61069. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061069. Print 2013.


Plant diversity does not buffer drought effects on early-stage litter mass loss rates and microbial properties.

Vogel A, Eisenhauer N, Weigelt A, Scherer-Lorenzen M.

Glob Chang Biol. 2013 Sep;19(9):2795-803. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12225. Epub 2013 May 29.


Biodiversity effects on plant stoichiometry.

Abbas M, Ebeling A, Oelmann Y, Ptacnik R, Roscher C, Weigelt A, Weisser WW, Wilcke W, Hillebrand H.

PLoS One. 2013;8(3):e58179. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058179. Epub 2013 Mar 4.


Predicting ecosystem stability from community composition and biodiversity.

de Mazancourt C, Isbell F, Larocque A, Berendse F, De Luca E, Grace JB, Haegeman B, Wayne Polley H, Roscher C, Schmid B, Tilman D, van Ruijven J, Weigelt A, Wilsey BJ, Loreau M.

Ecol Lett. 2013 May;16(5):617-25. doi: 10.1111/ele.12088. Epub 2013 Feb 26.


A comparison of the strength of biodiversity effects across multiple functions.

Allan E, Weisser WW, Fischer M, Schulze ED, Weigelt A, Roscher C, Baade J, Barnard RL, Beßler H, Buchmann N, Ebeling A, Eisenhauer N, Engels C, Fergus AJ, Gleixner G, Gubsch M, Halle S, Klein AM, Kertscher I, Kuu A, Lange M, Le Roux X, Meyer ST, Migunova VD, Milcu A, Niklaus PA, Oelmann Y, Pašalić E, Petermann JS, Poly F, Rottstock T, Sabais AC, Scherber C, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scheu S, Steinbeiss S, Schwichtenberg G, Temperton V, Tscharntke T, Voigt W, Wilcke W, Wirth C, Schmid B.

Oecologia. 2013 Sep;173(1):223-37. doi: 10.1007/s00442-012-2589-0. Epub 2013 Feb 6.


Using plant functional traits to explain diversity-productivity relationships.

Roscher C, Schumacher J, Gubsch M, Lipowsky A, Weigelt A, Buchmann N, Schmid B, Schulze ED.

PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e36760. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036760. Epub 2012 May 18.


Grassland resistance and resilience after drought depends on management intensity and species richness.

Vogel A, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Weigelt A.

PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e36992. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036992. Epub 2012 May 16.


More diverse plant communities have higher functioning over time due to turnover in complementary dominant species.

Allan E, Weisser W, Weigelt A, Roscher C, Fischer M, Hillebrand H.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Oct 11;108(41):17034-9. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1104015108. Epub 2011 Sep 26.


Phylogenetically diverse grasslands are associated with pairwise interspecific processes that increase biomass.

Connolly J, Cadotte MW, Brophy C, Dooley A, Finn J, Kirwan L, Roscher C, Weigelt A.

Ecology. 2011 Jul;92(7):1385-92.


High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services.

Isbell F, Calcagno V, Hector A, Connolly J, Harpole WS, Reich PB, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schmid B, Tilman D, van Ruijven J, Weigelt A, Wilsey BJ, Zavaleta ES, Loreau M.

Nature. 2011 Aug 10;477(7363):199-202. doi: 10.1038/nature10282.


Arterial versus portal venous embolization for induction of hepatic hypertrophy before extended right hemihepatectomy in hilar cholangiocarcinomas: a prospective randomized study.

Denecke T, Seehofer D, Steffen IG, Grieser C, Stelter L, Schnapauff D, Rothe JH, Weigelt A, Pech M, Langrehr J, Podrabsky P, Neuhaus P, Hänninen EL.

J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2011 Sep;22(9):1254-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2011.04.014. Epub 2011 May 31.


Plant diversity surpasses plant functional groups and plant productivity as driver of soil biota in the long term.

Eisenhauer N, Milcu A, Sabais AC, Bessler H, Brenner J, Engels C, Klarner B, Maraun M, Partsch S, Roscher C, Schonert F, Temperton VM, Thomisch K, Weigelt A, Weisser WW, Scheu S.

PLoS One. 2011 Jan 7;6(1):e16055. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016055.


Bottom-up effects of plant diversity on multitrophic interactions in a biodiversity experiment.

Scherber C, Eisenhauer N, Weisser WW, Schmid B, Voigt W, Fischer M, Schulze ED, Roscher C, Weigelt A, Allan E, Bessler H, Bonkowski M, Buchmann N, Buscot F, Clement LW, Ebeling A, Engels C, Halle S, Kertscher I, Klein AM, Koller R, König S, Kowalski E, Kummer V, Kuu A, Lange M, Lauterbach D, Middelhoff C, Migunova VD, Milcu A, Müller R, Partsch S, Petermann JS, Renker C, Rottstock T, Sabais A, Scheu S, Schumacher J, Temperton VM, Tscharntke T.

Nature. 2010 Nov 25;468(7323):553-6. doi: 10.1038/nature09492. Epub 2010 Oct 27.


Diversity promotes temporal stability across levels of ecosystem organization in experimental grasslands.

Proulx R, Wirth C, Voigt W, Weigelt A, Roscher C, Attinger S, Baade J, Barnard RL, Buchmann N, Buscot F, Eisenhauer N, Fischer M, Gleixner G, Halle S, Hildebrandt A, Kowalski E, Kuu A, Lange M, Milcu A, Niklaus PA, Oelmann Y, Rosenkranz S, Sabais A, Scherber C, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Scheu S, Schulze ED, Schumacher J, Schwichtenberg G, Soussana JF, Temperton VM, Weisser WW, Wilcke W, Schmid B.

PLoS One. 2010 Oct 13;5(10):e13382. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013382.


Plant species loss affects life-history traits of aphids and their parasitoids.

Petermann JS, Müller CB, Roscher C, Weigelt A, Weisser WW, Schmid B.

PLoS One. 2010 Aug 6;5(8):e12053. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012053.


Legume species differ in the responses of their functional traits to plant diversity.

Roscher C, Schmid B, Buchmann N, Weigelt A, Schulze ED.

Oecologia. 2011 Feb;165(2):437-52. doi: 10.1007/s00442-010-1735-9. Epub 2010 Aug 1.


Plant diversity effects on soil microorganisms support the singular hypothesis.

Eisenhauer N, Bessler H, Engels C, Gleixner G, Habekost M, Milcu A, Partsch S, Sabais AC, Scherber C, Steinbeiss S, Weigelt A, Weisser WW, Scheu S.

Ecology. 2010 Feb;91(2):485-96.


Biology, chance, or history? The predictable reassembly of temperate grassland communities.

Petermann JS, Fergus AJ, Roscher C, Turnbull LA, Weigelt A, Schmid B.

Ecology. 2010 Feb;91(2):408-21.


The representation of experimental tooth pain from upper and lower jaws in the human trigeminal pathway.

Weigelt A, Terekhin P, Kemppainen P, Dörfler A, Forster C.

Pain. 2010 Jun;149(3):529-38. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.03.027. Epub 2010 Apr 10.


Effect of plant species loss on aphid-parasitoid communities.

Petermann JS, Müller CB, Weigelt A, Weisser WW, Schmid B.

J Anim Ecol. 2010 May;79(3):709-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2010.01674.x. Epub 2010 Mar 1.


Plant species richness and functional composition drive overyielding in a six-year grassland experiment.

Marquard E, Weigelt A, Temperton VM, Roscher C, Schumacher J, Buchmann N, Fischer M, Weisser WW, Schmid B.

Ecology. 2009 Dec;90(12):3290-302.


Advantages of compound-specific stable isotope measurements over bulk measurements in studies on plant uptake of intact amino acids.

Sauheitl L, Glaser B, Weigelt A.

Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2009 Oct 30;23(20):3333-42. doi: 10.1002/rcm.4255.


Does biodiversity increase spatial stability in plant community biomass?

Weigelt A, Schumacher J, Roscher C, Schmid B.

Ecol Lett. 2008 Apr;11(4):338-47. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2007.01145.x. Epub 2008 Jan 9.


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