Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Virol. 2014 Mar;88(6):3320-8. doi: 10.1128/JVI.03833-13. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Evolutionarily conserved requirement for core binding factor beta in the assembly of the human immunodeficiency virus/simian immunodeficiency virus Vif-cullin 5-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase.

Author information

1
School of Life Sciences, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China.

Abstract

The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-encoded virion infectivity factor (Vif) is required to inactivate the host restriction factor APOBEC3 by engaging Cullin 5 (Cul5)-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL5). Core binding factor beta (CBF-β) is a novel regulator of Vif-CRL5 function; as yet, its mechanism of regulation remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that CBF-β promotion of Vif-CRL5 assembly is independent of its influence on Vif stability and is also a conserved feature of primate lentiviral Vif proteins. Furthermore, CBF-β is critical for the formation of the Vif-ElonginB/ElonginC-Cul5 core E3 ubiquitin ligase complex in vitro. CBF-β from diverse vertebrate species supported HIV-1 Vif function, indicating the conserved nature of Vif-CBF-β interfaces. Considering the importance of the interaction between Vif and CBF-β in viral CRL5 function, disrupting this interaction represents an attractive pharmacological intervention against HIV-1.

IMPORTANCE:

HIV-1 encodes virion infectivity factor (Vif) to inactivate its host's antiviral APOBEC3 proteins. Vif triggers APOBEC3 degradation by forming Vif-Cullin 5 (Cul5)-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL5). Core binding factor beta (CBF-β) is a novel regulator of Vif-CRL5 function whose mechanism of regulation remains poorly defined. In the present study, we demonstrate that the promotion of Vif-CRL5 assembly by CBF-β can be separated from its influence on Vif stability. The promotion of Vif-CRL5 assembly, but not the influence on Vif stability, is conserved among primate lentiviral Vif proteins: we found that CBF-β from diverse vertebrate species supported HIV-1 Vif function. Considering the importance of the interaction between Vif and CBF-β in viral CRL5 function and HIV-1 replication, disrupting this interaction is an attractive strategy against HIV-1.

PMID:
24390335
PMCID:
PMC3957933
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.03833-13
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center