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Management of acute community-acquired bacterial meningitis (excluding newborns). Long version with arguments.

Hoen B, Varon E, de Debroucker T, Fantin B, Grimprel E, Wolff M, Duval X; expert and reviewing group.

Med Mal Infect. 2019 Sep;49(6):405-441. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2019.03.009. Epub 2019 Aug 8. No abstract available.


Management of acute community-acquired bacterial meningitis (excluding newborns). Short text.

Hoen B, Varon E, Debroucker T, Fantin B, Grimprel E, Wolff M, Duval X; expert and reviewing groups.

Med Mal Infect. 2019 Sep;49(6):367-404. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2019.03.008. Epub 2019 Jul 22. No abstract available.


Community-acquired pneumonia in the emergency department: an algorithm to facilitate diagnosis and guide chest CT scan indication.

Loubet P, Tubiana S, Claessens YE, Epelboin L, Ficko C, Le Bel J, Rammaert B, Garin N, Prendki V, Stirnemann J, Leport C, Yazdanpanah Y, Varon E, Duval X; ESCAPED study group; Scientific committee: Steering committee; Adjudication committee; Clinical investigators; Monitoring and data management; Sponsor.

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2019 Jul 5. pii: S1198-743X(19)30377-5. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2019.06.026. [Epub ahead of print]


Pneumococcal susceptibility to antibiotics in carriage: a 17 year time series analysis of the adaptive evolution of non-vaccine emerging serotypes to a new selective pressure environment.

Ouldali N, Cohen R, Levy C, Gelbert-Baudino N, Seror E, Corrard F, Vie Le Sage F, Michot AS, Romain O, Bechet S, Bonacorsi S, Angoulvant F, Varon E.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2019 Jul 6. pii: dkz281. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkz281. [Epub ahead of print]


Recurrent Pneumococcal Meningitis in Children: A Multicenter Case-control Study.

Darmaun L, Levy C, Lagrée M, Béchet S, Varon E, Dessein R, Cohen R, Martinot A, Dubos F; ACTIV-GPIP Study Group.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2019 Sep;38(9):881-886. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002358.


Association of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Coverage With Pneumococcal Meningitis: An Analysis of French Administrative Areas, 2001-2016.

Alari A, Cheysson F, Le Fouler L, Lanotte P; Observatoires Régionaux du Pneumocoque network, Varon E, Opatowski L, Guillemot D, Watier L.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Mar 27. pii: kwz071. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwz071. [Epub ahead of print]


Novel insights into pneumococcal lineages in the vaccine era.

Varon E, Cohen R.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2019 Jul;19(7):679-681. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30292-0. Epub 2019 Jun 10. No abstract available.


Serotype 14 pneumococcal bacteremia: From one neonate to another in a pediatric intensive care unit.

Vincent A, Bonacorsi S, Varon E, Dauger S, Levy M.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2019 Aug;40(8):952-953. doi: 10.1017/ice.2019.152. Epub 2019 Jun 13. No abstract available.


An oligonucleotide probe incorporating the chromophore of green fluorescent protein is useful for the detection of HER-2 mRNA breast cancer marker.

Saady A, Böttner V, Meng M, Varon E, Shav-Tal Y, Ducho C, Fischer B.

Eur J Med Chem. 2019 Jul 1;173:99-106. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2019.04.013. Epub 2019 Apr 9.


Changes in invasive pneumococcal disease spectrum after 13 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation.

Levy C, Varon E, Ouldali N, Béchet S, Bonacorsi S, Cohen R.

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Mar 14. pii: ciz221. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz221. [Epub ahead of print]


Long-term Association of 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Implementation With Rates of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children.

Ouldali N, Levy C, Minodier P, Morin L, Biscardi S, Aurel M, Dubos F, Dommergues MA, Mezgueldi E, Levieux K, Madhi F, Hees L, Craiu I, Gras Le Guen C, Launay E, Zenkhri F, Lorrot M, Gillet Y, Béchet S, Hau I, Martinot A, Varon E, Angoulvant F, Cohen R.

JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Apr 1;173(4):362-370. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.5273.


Bacterial causes of otitis media with spontaneous perforation of the tympanic membrane in the era of 13 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

Levy C, Varon E, Ouldali N, Wollner A, Thollot F, Corrard F, Werner A, Béchet S, Bonacorsi S, Cohen R.

PLoS One. 2019 Feb 1;14(2):e0211712. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211712. eCollection 2019.


Biofilm production by Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from the nasopharynx of children with acute otitis media.

Vermee Q, Cohen R, Hays C, Varon E, Bonacorsi S, Bechet S, Thollot F, Corrard F, Poyart C, Levy C, Raymond J.

BMC Infect Dis. 2019 Jan 11;19(1):44. doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-3657-9.


Host-pathogen interactions and prognosis of critically ill immunocompetent patients with pneumococcal pneumonia: the nationwide prospective observational STREPTOGENE study.

Bedos JP, Varon E, Porcher R, Asfar P, Le Tulzo Y, Megarbane B, Mathonnet A, Dugard A, Veinstein A, Ouchenir K, Siami S, Reignier J, Galbois A, Cousson J, Preau S, Baldesi O, Rigaud JP, Souweine B, Misset B, Jacobs F, Dewavrin F, Mira JP.

Intensive Care Med. 2018 Dec;44(12):2162-2173. doi: 10.1007/s00134-018-5444-x. Epub 2018 Nov 19.


Change in Bacterial Causes of Community-Acquired Parapneumonic Effusion and Pleural Empyema in Children 6 Years After 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Implementation.

Madhi F, Levy C, Morin L, Minodier P, Dubos F, Zenkhri F, Dommergues MA, Mezgueldi E, Levieux K; Pneumonia Study Group , Béchet S, Varon E, Cohen R; GPIP (Pediatric Infectious Disease Group) .

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2018 Nov 8. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piy103. [Epub ahead of print]


Effect of childhood pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on invasive disease in older adults of 10 European countries: implications for adult vaccination.

Hanquet G, Krizova P, Valentiner-Branth P, Ladhani SN, Nuorti JP, Lepoutre A, Mereckiene J, Knol M, Winje BA, Ciruela P, Ordobas M, Guevara M, McDonald E, Morfeldt E, Kozakova J, Slotved HC, Fry NK, Rinta-Kokko H, Varon E, Corcoran M, van der Ende A, Vestrheim DF, Munoz-Almagro C, Latasa P, Castilla J, Smith A, Henriques-Normark B, Whittaker R, Pastore Celentano L, Savulescu C; SpIDnet/I-MOVE+ Pneumo Group.

Thorax. 2019 May;74(5):473-482. doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2018-211767. Epub 2018 Oct 24.


Management and outcome of bloodstream infections: a prospective survey in 121 French hospitals (SPA-BACT survey).

Robineau O, Robert J, Rabaud C, Bedos JP, Varon E, Péan Y, Gauzit R, Alfandari S.

Infect Drug Resist. 2018 Aug 31;11:1359-1368. doi: 10.2147/IDR.S165877. eCollection 2018.


Incidence of paediatric pneumococcal meningitis and emergence of new serotypes: a time-series analysis of a 16-year French national survey.

Ouldali N, Levy C, Varon E, Bonacorsi S, Béchet S, Cohen R, Angoulvant F; French Pediatric Meningitis Network.

Lancet Infect Dis. 2018 Sep;18(9):983-991. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30349-9. Epub 2018 Jul 23.


Pediatric Ambulatory and Hospital Networks for Surveillance and Clinical Epidemiology of Community-Acquired Infections.

Levy C, Vie le Sage F, Varon E, Chalumeau M, Grimprel E, Cohen R.

J Pediatr. 2018 Mar;194:269-270.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2017.11.050. Epub 2018 Feb 22. No abstract available.


Antibiotic Resistance of Potential Otopathogens Isolated From Nasopharyngeal Flora of Children With Acute Otitis Media Before, During and After Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines Implementation.

Rybak A, Levy C, Bonacorsi S, Béchet S, Vié le Sage F, Elbez A, Varon E, Cohen R.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2018 Mar;37(3):e72-e78. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001862.


Characterizing and Comparing the Seasonality of Influenza-Like Illnesses and Invasive Pneumococcal Diseases Using Seasonal Waveforms.

Domenech de Cellès M, Arduin H, Varon E, Souty C, Boëlle PY, Lévy-Bruhl D, van der Werf S, Soulary JC, Guillemot D, Watier L, Opatowski L.

Am J Epidemiol. 2018 May 1;187(5):1029-1039. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx336.


Case-control study shows that neonatal pneumococcal meningitis cannot be distinguished from group B Streptococcus cases.

Arfi A, Cohen R, Varon E, Béchet S, Bonacorsi S, Levy C.

Acta Paediatr. 2017 Dec;106(12):1915-1918. doi: 10.1111/apa.13919. Epub 2017 Jun 16.


Risk Factors in Children Older Than 5 Years With Pneumococcal Meningitis: Data From a National Network.

Hénaff F, Levy C, Cohen R, Picard C, Varon E, Gras Le Guen C, Launay E; French Group of Pediatric Infectious Diseases (GPIP).

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017 May;36(5):457-461. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000001470.


Effect of high-valency pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on invasive pneumococcal disease in children in SpIDnet countries: an observational multicentre study.

Savulescu C, Krizova P, Lepoutre A, Mereckiene J, Vestrheim DF, Ciruela P, Ordobas M, Guevara M, McDonald E, Morfeldt E, Kozakova J, Varon E, Cotter S, Winje BA, Munoz-Almagro C, Garcia L, Castilla J, Smith A, Henriques-Normark B, Celentano LP, Hanquet G; SpIDnet group.

Lancet Respir Med. 2017 Aug;5(8):648-656. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(17)30110-8. Epub 2017 Mar 27.


Proposal for shorter antibiotic therapies.

Wintenberger C, Guery B, Bonnet E, Castan B, Cohen R, Diamantis S, Lesprit P, Maulin L, Péan Y, Peju E, Piroth L, Stahl JP, Strady C, Varon E, Vuotto F, Gauzit R; Recommendation Group of the SPILF.

Med Mal Infect. 2017 Mar;47(2):92-141. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2017.01.007. Epub 2017 Mar 6. Review.


Demonstration of the herd effect in adults after the implementation of pneumococcal vaccination with PCV13 in children.

Hays C, Vermee Q, Agathine A, Dupuis A, Varon E, Poyart C, Ploy MC, Raymond J; and the ORP Ile de France Ouest.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2017 May;36(5):831-838. doi: 10.1007/s10096-016-2868-5. Epub 2016 Dec 20.


Impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on pneumococcal meningitis cases in France between 2001 and 2014: a time series analysis.

Alari A, Chaussade H, Domenech De Cellès M, Le Fouler L, Varon E, Opatowski L, Guillemot D, Watier L.

BMC Med. 2016 Dec 21;14(1):211. doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0755-7.


Comparative impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on pneumococcal meningitis according to underlying conditions.

Cohen R, Varon E, Béchet S, Bonacorsi S, Levy C.

Vaccine. 2016 Sep 22;34(41):4850-4856. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.08.069. Epub 2016 Aug 29.


Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug without Antibiotics for Acute Viral Infection Increases the Empyema Risk in Children: A Matched Case-Control Study.

Le Bourgeois M, Ferroni A, Leruez-Ville M, Varon E, Thumerelle C, Brémont F, Fayon MJ, Delacourt C, Ligier C, Watier L, Guillemot D; Children, Antibiotics, Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Childhood Empyema (ChANCE) Study Group.

J Pediatr. 2016 Aug;175:47-53.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.05.025. Epub 2016 Jun 20.


Antibiotic use and good practice in 314 French hospitals: The 2010 SPA2 prevalence study.

Alfandari S, Robert J, Péan Y, Rabaud C, Bedos JP, Varon E, Lepape A, Bru JP, Gauzit R; French Infectious Diseases Society (French acronym SPILF), the French National Observatory for Epidemiology of Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics (ONERBA), and the SPA2 group.

Med Mal Infect. 2015 Nov-Dec;45(11-12):475-80. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2015.10.001. Epub 2015 Nov 21.


Invasive disease potential of pneumococci before and after the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation in children.

Varon E, Cohen R, Béchet S, Doit C, Levy C.

Vaccine. 2015 Nov 17;33(46):6178-85. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.10.015. Epub 2015 Oct 21.


[European Antibiotic Awareness Day: What is new in France?].

Pulcini C, Alfandari S, Ballereau F, Bonnet E, Bruneel F, Castan B, Chidiac C, Cohen R, Descamps D, Doco-Lecompte T, Gauzit R, Guéry B, Jarlier V, Lesprit P, Marcelin AG, Molina JM, Rabaud C, Riché A, Salmon-Céron D, Senneville E, Stahl JP, Tattevin P, Varon E, Roblot F; conseil d’administration de la SPILF.

Med Mal Infect. 2015 Sep;45(9):345-7. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2015.08.001. Epub 2015 Sep 26. French. No abstract available.


A 13-year survey of pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage in children with acute otitis media following PCV7 and PCV13 implementation.

Cohen R, Varon E, Doit C, Schlemmer C, Romain O, Thollot F, Béchet S, Bonacorsi S, Levy C.

Vaccine. 2015 Sep 22;33(39):5118-26. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.08.010. Epub 2015 Aug 11.


Effect of the 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine on Pneumococcal Meningitis in Children.

Levy C, Varon E, Béchet S, Cohen R.

Clin Infect Dis. 2016 Jan 1;62(1):131-2. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ692. Epub 2015 Aug 11. No abstract available.


Impact of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on the incidence of pneumococcal meningitis in children.

Chapoutot AG, Dessein R, Guilluy O, Lagrée M, Wallet F, Varon E, Martinot A, Dubos F.

Epidemiol Infect. 2016 Feb;144(3):607-11. doi: 10.1017/S095026881500179X. Epub 2015 Aug 3.


Pneumococcal Meningitis Vaccine Breakthroughs and Failures After Routine 7-Valent and 13-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination in Children in France.

Godot C, Levy C, Varon E, Picard C, Madhi F, Cohen R.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2015 Oct;34(10):e260-3. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000818.


Interaction of Vaccination and Reduction of Antibiotic Use Drives Unexpected Increase of Pneumococcal Meningitis.

de Cellès MD, Pons-Salort M, Varon E, Vibet MA, Ligier C, Letort V, Opatowski L, Guillemot D.

Sci Rep. 2015 Jun 11;5:11293. doi: 10.1038/srep11293.


Immunochromatographic test of pneumococcal antigen performed on cerebrospinal fluid for pneumococcal pneumoniae.

Maury E, Tankovic J, Pichereau C, Varon E, Guidet B.

Med Mal Infect. 2015 Jun;45(6):237-8. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2015.04.002. Epub 2015 May 8. No abstract available.


Decline in antibiotic resistance and changes in the serotype distribution of Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates from children with acute otitis media; a 2001-2011 survey by the French Pneumococcal Network.

Kempf M, Varon E, Lepoutre A, Gravet A, Baraduc R, Brun M, Chardon H, Cremniter J, Croizé J, Dalmay F, Demachy MC, Fosse T, Grelaud C, Hadou T, Hamdad F, Koeck JL, Luce S, Mermond S, Patry I, Péchinot A, Raymond J, Ros A, Segonds C, Soullié B, Tandé D, Vergnaud M, Vernet-Garnier V, Wallet F, Gutmann L, Ploy MC, Lanotte P.

Clin Microbiol Infect. 2015 Jan;21(1):35-42. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2014.08.009. Epub 2014 Oct 12.


Impact of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines on invasive pneumococcal disease in France, 2001-2012.

Lepoutre A, Varon E, Georges S, Dorléans F, Janoir C, Gutmann L, Lévy-Bruhl D; Microbiologists of Epibac; ORP Networks.

Vaccine. 2015 Jan 3;33(2):359-66. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.11.011. Epub 2014 Nov 20.


Non typable-Haemophilus influenzae biofilm formation and acute otitis media.

Mizrahi A, Cohen R, Varon E, Bonacorsi S, Bechet S, Poyart C, Levy C, Raymond J.

BMC Infect Dis. 2014 Jul 19;14:400. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-400.


Trends of pneumococcal meningitis in children after introduction of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in France.

Levy C, Varon E, Picard C, Béchet S, Martinot A, Bonacorsi S, Cohen R.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 Dec;33(12):1216-21. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000451.


[Changes in bacterial meningitis in French children resulting from vaccination].

Levy C, Varon E, Taha MK, Béchet S, Bonacorsi S, Cohen R, Bingen E.

Arch Pediatr. 2014 Jul;21(7):736-44. doi: 10.1016/j.arcped.2014.04.025. Epub 2014 Jun 14. French.


Evidence of a clonal expansion of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A in adults as in children assessed by the DiversiLab® system.

Hurmic O, Grall N, Al Nakib M, Poyart C, Grondin S, Ploy MC, Varon E, Raymond J; ORP Ile de France-Ouest Network.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2014 Nov;33(11):2067-73. doi: 10.1007/s10096-014-2148-1. Epub 2014 Jun 15.


Invasive pneumococcal disease in children can reveal a primary immunodeficiency.

Gaschignard J, Levy C, Chrabieh M, Boisson B, Bost-Bru C, Dauger S, Dubos F, Durand P, Gaudelus J, Gendrel D, Gras Le Guen C, Grimprel E, Guyon G, Jeudy C, Jeziorski E, Leclerc F, Léger PL, Lesage F, Lorrot M, Pellier I, Pinquier D, de Pontual L, Sachs P, Thomas C, Tissières P, Valla FV, Desprez P, Frémeaux-Bacchi V, Varon E, Bossuyt X, Cohen R, Abel L, Casanova JL, Puel A, Picard C.

Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Jul 15;59(2):244-51. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu274. Epub 2014 Apr 23.


Clonal expansion of the macrolide resistant ST386 within pneumococcal serotype 6C in France.

Janoir C, Cohen R, Levy C, Bingen E, Lepoutre A, Gutmann L, Varon E; Observatoires Régionaux du Pneumocoque (ORP) network.

PLoS One. 2014 Mar 6;9(3):e90935. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090935. eCollection 2014.


Early impact of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on community-acquired pneumonia in children.

Angoulvant F, Levy C, Grimprel E, Varon E, Lorrot M, Biscardi S, Minodier P, Dommergues MA, Hees L, Gillet Y, Craiu I, Zenkhri F, Dubos F, Guen CG, Launay E, Martinot A, Cohen R.

Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Apr;58(7):918-24. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu006. Epub 2014 Feb 13.


Characteristics and outcomes of acute otitis media in children carrying streptococcus pneumoniae or haemophilus influenzae in their nasopharynx as a single otopathogen after introduction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

Caeymaex L, Varon E, Levy C, Béchet S, Derkx V, Desvignes V, Doit C, Cohen R.

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2014 May;33(5):533-6. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000000213.


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