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Sci Adv. 2019 Nov 27;5(11):eaax0217. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax0217. eCollection 2019 Nov.

Durable multitransgene expression in vivo using systemic, nonviral DNA delivery.

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DNARx LLC, San Francisco, CA, USA.
California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.


Recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors are transforming therapies for rare human monogenic deficiency diseases. However, adaptive immune responses to AAV and its limited DNA insert capacity, restrict their therapeutic potential. HEDGES (high-level extended duration gene expression system), a nonviral DNA- and liposome-based gene delivery platform, overcomes these limitations in immunocompetent mice. Specifically, one systemic HEDGES injection durably produces therapeutic levels of transgene-encoded human proteins, including FDA-approved cytokines and monoclonal antibodies, without detectable integration into genomic DNA. HEDGES also controls protein production duration from <3 weeks to >1.5 years, does not induce anti-vector immune responses, is reexpressed for prolonged periods following reinjection, and produces only transient minimal toxicity. HEDGES can produce extended therapeutic levels of multiple transgene-encoded therapeutic human proteins from DNA inserts >1.5-fold larger than AAV-based therapeutics, thus creating combinatorial interventions to effectively treat common polygenic diseases driven by multigenic abnormalities.

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