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Clin Cancer Res. 2012 Dec 1;18(23):6497-508. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-2189. Epub 2012 Oct 2.

Phase I trial of overlapping long peptides from a tumor self-antigen and poly-ICLC shows rapid induction of integrated immune response in ovarian cancer patients.

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1
Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10065, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Long peptides are efficiently presented to both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells after intracellular processing by antigen-presenting cells. To investigate the safety and in vivo immunogenicity of synthetic overlapping long peptides (OLP) from a human tumor self-antigen, we conducted a phase I clinical trial with OLP from cancer-testis antigen NY-ESO-1 in various adjuvant combinations.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Twenty-eight patients with advanced ovarian cancer in second or third remission were enrolled sequentially in three cohorts and received at least one vaccination. Patients in Cohort 1 (n = 4) received 1.0 mg OLP, Cohort 2 (n = 13) received OLP in Montanide-ISA-51, and Cohort 3 (n = 11) received OLP + 1.4 mg Poly-ICLC in Montanide-ISA-51 on weeks 1, 4, 7, 10, and 13. Humoral and cellular responses were evaluated by standardized immunomonitoring techniques (ELISA, ELISPOT assay, intracellular cytokine staining, and tetramer staining).

RESULTS:

The vaccine was generally well tolerated with injection site reactions and fatigue that resolved. NY-ESO-1-specific antibody and CD8(+) T cells were undetectable after vaccination with OLP alone, but were found in 6 of 13 (46%) and 8 of 13 (62%) patients, respectively, after vaccination with OLP+Montanide, and in 10 of 11 (91%) and 10 of 11 (91%) patients, respectively, after vaccination with OLP+Montanide+Poly-ICLC. NY-ESO-1-specific CD4(+) T cells were detected in all patients with greater frequency and polyclonality when Montanide-ISA-51 was used for vaccination. Inclusion of Poly-ICLC as an adjuvant further accelerated the induction of NY-ESO-1-specific immune responses.

CONCLUSIONS:

The current study shows that NY-ESO-1 OLP vaccine is safe and rapidly induces consistent integrated immune responses (antibody, CD8(+) and CD4(+)) in nearly all vaccinated patients when given with appropriate adjuvants.

PMID:
23032745
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-12-2189
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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