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Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 and Exo70 promote fatty acid-stimulated neurotensin secretion through ERK1/2 signaling.

Rock S, Li X, Song J, Townsend CM Jr, Weiss HL, Rychahou P, Gao T, Li J, Evers BM.

PLoS One. 2019 Mar 27;14(3):e0211134. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211134. eCollection 2019.


Antibiotics for induction and maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease.

Townsend CM, Parker CE, MacDonald JK, Nguyen TM, Jairath V, Feagan BG, Khanna R.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2019 Feb 7;2:CD012730. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD012730.pub2.


FFAR4 Is Involved in Regulation of Neurotensin Release From Neuroendocrine Cells and Male C57BL/6 Mice.

Li J, Song J, Li X, Rock SB, Sinner HF, Weiss HL, Weiss T, Townsend CM Jr, Gao T, Evers BM.

Endocrinology. 2018 Aug 1;159(8):2939-2952. doi: 10.1210/en.2018-00284.


Neurotensin Receptor 3/Sortilin Contributes to Tumorigenesis of Neuroendocrine Tumors Through Augmentation of Cell Adhesion and Migration.

Kim JT, Napier DL, Weiss HL, Lee EY, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Neoplasia. 2018 Feb;20(2):175-181. doi: 10.1016/j.neo.2017.11.012. Epub 2017 Dec 19.


Presidential Address: Do what’s right for the patient: Franklin H. Martin and the American College of Surgeons.

Townsend CM.

Bull Am Coll Surg. 2016 Dec;101(12):12-21. No abstract available.


SAGES rebuttal.

Jones DB, Hunter JG, Townsend CM, Minter RM, Roberts PL, Brethauer S, Soper NJ.

Gastrointest Endosc. 2017 Oct;86(4):751-754. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2017.06.007. No abstract available.


Azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine for induction of remission in Crohn's disease.

Chande N, Townsend CM, Parker CE, MacDonald JK.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Oct 26;10:CD000545. Review.


Characterization of Mentorship Programs in Departments of Surgery in the United States.

Kibbe MR, Pellegrini CA, Townsend CM Jr, Helenowski IB, Patti MG.

JAMA Surg. 2016 Oct 1;151(10):900-906. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2016.1670.


Activation of AMPK Stimulates Neurotensin Secretion in Neuroendocrine Cells.

Li J, Song J, Weiss HL, Weiss T, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Mol Endocrinol. 2016 Jan;30(1):26-36. doi: 10.1210/me.2015-1094. Epub 2015 Nov 3.


Differential expression and tumorigenic function of neurotensin receptor 1 in neuroendocrine tumor cells.

Kim JT, Li J, Song J, Lee EY, Weiss HL, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Oncotarget. 2015 Sep 29;6(29):26960-70. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.4745.


The risk paradox: use of elective cholecystectomy in older patients is independent of their risk of developing complications.

Riall TS, Adhikari D, Parmar AD, Linder SK, Dimou FM, Crowell W, Tamirisa NP, Townsend CM Jr, Goodwin JS.

J Am Coll Surg. 2015 Apr;220(4):682-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2014.12.012. Epub 2014 Dec 17.


Neurotensin, a novel target of Wnt/β-catenin pathway, promotes growth of neuroendocrine tumor cells.

Kim JT, Liu C, Zaytseva YY, Weiss HL, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Int J Cancer. 2015 Mar 15;136(6):1475-81. doi: 10.1002/ijc.29123. Epub 2014 Aug 14.


Cotargeting the PI3K and RAS pathways for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors.

Valentino JD, Li J, Zaytseva YY, Mustain WC, Elliott VA, Kim JT, Harris JW, Campbell K, Weiss H, Wang C, Song J, Anthony L, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Clin Cancer Res. 2014 Mar 1;20(5):1212-22. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-13-1897. Epub 2014 Jan 17.


Dual inhibition of PI3K and mTOR signaling pathways decreases human pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor metastatic progression.

Djukom C, Porro LJ, Mrazek A, Townsend CM Jr, Hellmich MR, Chao C.

Pancreas. 2014 Jan;43(1):88-92. doi: 10.1097/MPA.0b013e3182a44ab4.


Association between cholecystectomy with vs without intraoperative cholangiography and risk of common duct injury.

Sheffield KM, Riall TS, Han Y, Kuo YF, Townsend CM Jr, Goodwin JS.

JAMA. 2013 Aug 28;310(8):812-20. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.276205.


PTHrP is a novel mediator for TGF-β-induced apoptosis.

Cao Y, Zhang W, Gao X, Zhang G, Falzon M, Townsend CM Jr, Hellmich MR, Ko TC.

Regul Pept. 2013 Jun 10;184:40-6. doi: 10.1016/j.regpep.2013.03.024. Epub 2013 Mar 13.


Time trends and geographic variation in use of minimally invasive breast biopsy.

Zimmermann CJ, Sheffield KM, Duncan CB, Han Y, Cooksley CD, Townsend CM Jr, Riall TS.

J Am Coll Surg. 2013 Apr;216(4):814-24; discussion 824-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2012.12.007. Epub 2013 Feb 1.


Deregulation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling through genetic or epigenetic alterations in human neuroendocrine tumors.

Kim JT, Li J, Jang ER, Gulhati P, Rychahou PG, Napier DL, Wang C, Weiss HL, Lee EY, Anthony L, Townsend CM Jr, Liu C, Evers BM.

Carcinogenesis. 2013 May;34(5):953-61. doi: 10.1093/carcin/bgt018. Epub 2013 Jan 25.


Preoperative laboratory testing in patients undergoing elective, low-risk ambulatory surgery.

Benarroch-Gampel J, Sheffield KM, Duncan CB, Brown KM, Han Y, Townsend CM Jr, Riall TS.

Ann Surg. 2012 Sep;256(3):518-28. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318265bcdb.


PI3K p110α/Akt signaling negatively regulates secretion of the intestinal peptide neurotensin through interference of granule transport.

Li J, Song J, Cassidy MG, Rychahou P, Starr ME, Liu J, Li X, Epperly G, Weiss HL, Townsend CM Jr, Gao T, Evers BM.

Mol Endocrinol. 2012 Aug;26(8):1380-93. doi: 10.1210/me.2012-1024. Epub 2012 Jun 14.


A proposal for enhancing the general surgical workforce and access to surgical care.

Polk HC Jr, Bland KI, Ellison EC, Grosfeld J, Trunkey DD, Stain SC, Townsend CM.

Ann Surg. 2012 Apr;255(4):611-7. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31824b194b.


Variation in the use of intraoperative cholangiography during cholecystectomy.

Sheffield KM, Han Y, Kuo YF, Townsend CM Jr, Goodwin JS, Riall TS.

J Am Coll Surg. 2012 Apr;214(4):668-79; discussion 679-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2011.12.033. Epub 2012 Feb 25.


Overexpression of Evi-1 oncoprotein represses TGF-β signaling in colorectal cancer.

Deng X, Cao Y, Liu Y, Li F, Sambandam K, Rajaraman S, Perkins AS, Fields AP, Hellmich MR, Townsend CM Jr, Thompson EA, Ko TC.

Mol Carcinog. 2013 Apr;52(4):255-264. doi: 10.1002/mc.21852. Epub 2011 Dec 7.


Gallstone pancreatitis in older patients: Are we operating enough?

Trust MD, Sheffield KM, Boyd CA, Benarroch-Gampel J, Zhang D, Townsend CM Jr, Riall TS.

Surgery. 2011 Sep;150(3):515-25. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2011.07.072.


Overuse of CT in patients with complicated gallstone disease.

Benarroch-Gampel J, Boyd CA, Sheffield KM, Townsend CM Jr, Riall TS.

J Am Coll Surg. 2011 Oct;213(4):524-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2011.07.008. Epub 2011 Aug 20.


The effect of PTEN on serotonin synthesis and secretion from the carcinoid cell line BON.

Silva SR, Zaytseva YY, Jackson LN, Lee EY, Weiss HL, Bowen KA, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Anticancer Res. 2011 Apr;31(4):1153-60.


mTORC1 inhibition increases neurotensin secretion and gene expression through activation of the MEK/ERK/c-Jun pathway in the human endocrine cell line BON.

Li J, Liu J, Song J, Wang X, Weiss HL, Townsend CM Jr, Gao T, Evers BM.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2011 Jul;301(1):C213-26. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00067.2011. Epub 2011 Apr 20.


Dietary fiber enhances TGF-β signaling and growth inhibition in the gut.

Cao Y, Gao X, Zhang W, Zhang G, Nguyen AK, Liu X, Jimenez F, Cox CS Jr, Townsend CM Jr, Ko TC.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2011 Jul;301(1):G156-64. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00362.2010. Epub 2011 Mar 31.


Resection benefits older adults with locoregional pancreatic cancer despite greater short-term morbidity and mortality.

Riall TS, Sheffield KM, Kuo YF, Townsend CM Jr, Goodwin JS.

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2011 Apr;59(4):647-54. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03353.x. Epub 2011 Mar 31.


Implementation of a critical pathway for complicated gallstone disease: translation of population-based data into clinical practice.

Sheffield KM, Ramos KE, Djukom CD, Jimenez CJ, Mileski WJ, Kimbrough TD, Townsend CM Jr, Riall TS.

J Am Coll Surg. 2011 May;212(5):835-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2010.12.047. Epub 2011 Mar 12.


Characterization of promoter elements regulating the expression of the human neurotensin/neuromedin N gene.

Wang X, Gulhati P, Li J, Dobner PR, Weiss H, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

J Biol Chem. 2011 Jan 7;286(1):542-54. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.145664. Epub 2010 Oct 28.


VEGFR-2 expression in carcinoid cancer cells and its role in tumor growth and metastasis.

Silva SR, Bowen KA, Rychahou PG, Jackson LN, Weiss HL, Lee EY, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Int J Cancer. 2011 Mar 1;128(5):1045-56. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25441.


Failure to perform cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in elderly patients is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and cost.

Riall TS, Zhang D, Townsend CM Jr, Kuo YF, Goodwin JS.

J Am Coll Surg. 2010 May;210(5):668-77, 677-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2009.12.031.


Dissecting racial disparities in the treatment of patients with locoregional pancreatic cancer: a 2-step process.

Riall TS, Townsend CM Jr, Kuo YF, Freeman JL, Goodwin JS.

Cancer. 2010 Feb 15;116(4):930-9. doi: 10.1002/cncr.24836.


Crew resource management improved perception of patient safety in the operating room.

Gore DC, Powell JM, Baer JG, Sexton KH, Richardson CJ, Marshall DR, Chinkes DL, Townsend CM Jr.

Am J Med Qual. 2010 Jan-Feb;25(1):60-3. doi: 10.1177/1062860609351236. Epub 2009 Dec 4.


Readmission after pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer in Medicare patients.

Reddy DM, Townsend CM Jr, Kuo YF, Freeman JL, Goodwin JS, Riall TS.

J Gastrointest Surg. 2009 Nov;13(11):1963-74; discussion 1974-5. doi: 10.1007/s11605-009-1006-4. Epub 2009 Sep 16.


Surgical privileging and credentialing: a report of a discussion and study group of the American Surgical Association.

Bass BL, Polk HC, Jones RS, Townsend CM, Whittemore AD, Pellegrini CA, Busuttil RW, Lillemoe KD, Trunkey DD, Mulholland MW, Grosfeld JL.

J Am Coll Surg. 2009 Sep;209(3):396-404. doi: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2009.04.018. Epub 2009 Jun 18. No abstract available.


Bombesin enhances TGF-beta growth inhibitory effect through apoptosis induction in intestinal epithelial cells.

Liu X, Zhao J, Li F, Guo YS, Hellmich MR, Townsend CM Jr, Cao Y, Ko TC.

Regul Pept. 2009 Nov 27;158(1-3):26-31. doi: 10.1016/j.regpep.2009.07.010. Epub 2009 Jul 23.


Gastrin-releasing peptide receptor in breast cancer mediates cellular migration and interleukin-8 expression.

Chao C, Ives K, Hellmich HL, Townsend CM Jr, Hellmich MR.

J Surg Res. 2009 Sep;156(1):26-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2009.03.072. Epub 2009 May 3.


Development and characterization of a novel in vivo model of carcinoid syndrome.

Jackson LN, Chen LA, Larson SD, Silva SR, Rychahou PG, Boor PJ, Li J, Defreitas G, Stafford WL, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 15;15(8):2747-55. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-2346. Epub 2009 Mar 31.


TGF-beta repression of Id2 induces apoptosis in gut epithelial cells.

Cao Y, Liu X, Zhang W, Deng X, Zhang H, Liu Y, Chen L, Thompson EA, Townsend CM Jr, Ko TC.

Oncogene. 2009 Feb 26;28(8):1089-98. doi: 10.1038/onc.2008.456. Epub 2009 Jan 12.


Samuel D. Gross and the American Surgical Association.

Townsend CM Jr.

Ann Surg. 2008 Sep;248(3):351-9. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318184daf0. No abstract available.


672 patients with acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas: a population-based comparison to pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Wisnoski NC, Townsend CM Jr, Nealon WH, Freeman JL, Riall TS.

Surgery. 2008 Aug;144(2):141-8. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2008.03.006. Epub 2008 May 27.


Outcomes following pancreatic resection: variability among high-volume providers.

Riall TS, Nealon WH, Goodwin JS, Townsend CM Jr, Freeman JL.

Surgery. 2008 Aug;144(2):133-40. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2008.03.041.


Synergistic regulation of COX-2 expression by bombesin and transforming growth factor-beta.

Guo YS, Chen Z, Wen XD, Ko TC, Townsend CM Jr, Hellmich MR.

Dig Dis Sci. 2008 Aug;53(8):2045-52. Epub 2007 Dec 20.


PKD1, PKD2, and their substrate Kidins220 regulate neurotensin secretion in the BON human endocrine cell line.

Li J, Chen LA, Townsend CM Jr, Evers BM.

J Biol Chem. 2008 Feb 1;283(5):2614-21. Epub 2007 Nov 29.


The health workforce: a position statement.

Grosfeld JL, Polk HC Jr, Pellegrini CA, Mulholland MW, Lillemoe KD, Bass BL, Busuttil RW, Kron IL, Jones RS, Townsend CM Jr, Sheldon GF; American Surgical Association.

Ann Surg. 2007 Oct;246(4):525-6. No abstract available. Erratum in: Ann Surg. 2007 Dec;246(6):table of contents. Pelligrini, Carlos A [corrected to Pellegrini, Carlos A].


Trends and disparities in regionalization of pancreatic resection.

Riall TS, Eschbach KA, Townsend CM Jr, Nealon WH, Freeman JL, Goodwin JS.

J Gastrointest Surg. 2007 Oct;11(10):1242-51; discussion 1251-2. Epub 2007 Aug 13.


Incidence of additional primary cancers in patients with invasive intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and sporadic pancreatic adenocarcinomas.

Riall TS, Stager VM, Nealon WH, Townsend CM Jr, Kuo YF, Goodwin JS, Freeman JL.

J Am Coll Surg. 2007 May;204(5):803-13; discussion 813-4. Epub 2007 Mar 23.


Training the surgical scientist: how can that be accomplished?

Townsend CM Jr.

Am Surg. 2007 Feb;73(2):171-3. No abstract available.


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