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J Clin Microbiol. 2012 Mar;50(3):762-5. doi: 10.1128/JCM.01257-11. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

Evaluation of a recombinant antigen-based enzyme immunoassay for the diagnosis of noninvasive aspergillosis.

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APHP, Hôpital St Antoine, Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, Paris, Francea; INSERM, U945, Paris, France.


Antibody detection is a key diagnostic tool for noninvasive aspergillosis (NIA) such as allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. Specific immunoprecipitin detection (IPD) is considered as the reference but lacks standardization and is time-consuming. To evaluate the performance of a new anti-Aspergillus fumigatus IgG enzyme immunoassay (EIA) kit using a recombinant A. fumigatus antigen (Bio-Rad), a retrospective study was performed on 551 sera collected from patients with a definite diagnosis of NIA (group 1; n = 64), bronchial Aspergillus colonization (group 2; n = 26), and probable aerial Aspergillus contamination (group 3; n = 44); from patients suspected of NIA with negative serological and mycological investigations (group 4; n = 49); and from a group of 222 patients not suspected of NIA (group 5). The EIA exhibited excellent reproducibility with coefficients of variation below 10%. Agreement with IPD was calculated between 62.5 and 84.4% according to the group of patients with Cohen's kappa coefficient at 0.6196 ± 0.077. Taking as reference a composite status including clinical, radiological, mycological, and serological data, sensitivity (group 1) and specificity (other groups) were calculated between 90.2 and 93.8% and 54.3 and 100%, respectively. Lower specificity was observed for patients with Aspergillus colonization. However, Yule Q coefficients estimating the correlation between EIA result and the definite diagnosis of NIA were calculated between 0.97 and 0.98. The method is a highly useful screening tool for the diagnosis of NIA, reducing the need for confirmatory IPD tests.

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