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Willingness to Pay for Condoms among Men in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Evans W, Kadirov K, Thior I, Ganesan R, Ulasevich A, Deperthes B.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018 Dec 24;16(1). pii: E34. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16010034.


Prevalence and determinants of unprotected sex in intimate partnerships of men who inject drugs: findings from a prospective intervention study.

Sharma V, Tun W, Sarna A, Saraswati LR, Pham MD, Thior I, Luchters S.

Int J STD AIDS. 2019 Mar;30(4):386-395. doi: 10.1177/0956462418802142. Epub 2018 Dec 12.


HIV testing and counselling couples together for affordable HIV prevention in Africa.

Wall KM, Inambao M, Kilembe W, Karita E, Vwalika B, Mulenga J, Parker R, Sharkey T, Sonti D, Tichacek A, Hunter E, Yohnka R, Abdallah JF, Thior I, Pulerwitz J, Allen S.

Int J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 1;48(1):217-227. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyy203.


Sexual behavior experiences and characteristics of male-female partnerships among HIV positive adolescent girls and young women: Qualitative findings from Zimbabwe.

Mavhu W, Rowley E, Thior I, Kruse-Levy N, Mugurungi O, Ncube G, Leclerc-Madlala S.

PLoS One. 2018 Mar 22;13(3):e0194732. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194732. eCollection 2018.


Effects of a High Protein Food Supplement on Physical Activity, Motor Performance and Health Related Quality of Life of HIV Infected Botswana Children on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).

Malete L, Mokgatlhe L, Nnyepi M, Jackson J, Wen F, Bennink M, Anabwani G, Makhanda J, Thior I, Lyoka P, Weatherspoon L.

AIMS Public Health. 2017 May 26;4(3):258-277. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2017.3.258. eCollection 2017.


Women and substance use: a qualitative study on sexual and reproductive health of women who use drugs in Delhi, India.

Sharma V, Sarna A, Tun W, Saraswati LR, Thior I, Madan I, Luchters S.

BMJ Open. 2017 Nov 19;7(11):e018530. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018530.


Transitioning couple's voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) from stand-alone weekend services into routine antenatal and VCT services in government clinics in Zambia's two largest cities.

Inambao M, Kilembe W, Canary LA, Czaicki NL, Kakungu-Simpungwe M, Chavuma R, Wall KM, Tichacek A, Pulerwitz J, Thior I, Chomba E, Allen SA.

PLoS One. 2017 Oct 16;12(10):e0185142. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185142. eCollection 2017.


A Cluster Randomised Trial to Determine the Efficacy of the "Feeding Buddies" Programme in Improving Exclusive Breastfeeding Rates Among HIV-Infected Women in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Reimers P, Israel-Ballard K, Craig M, Spies L, Thior I, Tanser F, Coutsoudis A.

AIDS Behav. 2018 Jan;22(1):212-223. doi: 10.1007/s10461-017-1865-8.


Service utilization and cost of implementing a comprehensive HIV prevention and care program among people who inject drugs in Delhi, India.

Sebastian MP, Dasgupta A, Saraswati LR, Singh A, Sharma V, Madan I, Tun W, Pulerwitz J, Thior I, Sarna A.

Harm Reduct J. 2017 Jun 14;14(1):38. doi: 10.1186/s12954-017-0165-y.


The aetiology of diarrhoea, pneumonia and respiratory colonization of HIV-exposed infants randomized to breast- or formula-feeding.

Zash RM, Shapiro RL, Leidner J, Wester C, McAdam AJ, Hodinka RL, Thior I, Moffat C, Makhema J, McIntosh K, Essex M, Lockman S.

Paediatr Int Child Health. 2016 Aug;36(3):189-97. doi: 10.1179/2046905515Y.0000000038.


A Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Trial on the Effect of a "feeding buddy" Program on adherence to the Prevention of Mother-To-Child-Transmission Guidelines in a Rural Area of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Reimers P, Israel-Ballard K, Spies L, Tanser F, Thior I, Scott Gordon W, Coutsoudis A.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Aug 1;72 Suppl 2:S130-6. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001059.


HIV, Hepatitis B and C among people who inject drugs: high prevalence of HIV and Hepatitis C RNA positive infections observed in Delhi, India.

Ray Saraswati L, Sarna A, Sebastian MP, Sharma V, Madan I, Thior I, Pulerwitz J, Tun W.

BMC Public Health. 2015 Jul 30;15:726. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2003-z.


Implementation of a confidential helpline for men having sex with men in India.

Agarwal A, Hamdallah M, Swain SN, Mukherjee S, Singh N, Mahapatra S, King EJ, Pulerwitz J, Thior I.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth. 2015 Feb 11;3(1):e17. doi: 10.2196/mhealth.3978.


'Women at risk': the health and social vulnerabilities of the regular female partners of men who inject drugs in Delhi, India.

Sharma V, Sarna A, Luchters S, Sebastian M, Degomme O, Saraswati LR, Madan I, Thior I, Tun W.

Cult Health Sex. 2015;17(5):623-37. doi: 10.1080/13691058.2014.979885. Epub 2014 Dec 2.


High HIV incidence in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, India.

Sarna A, Saraswati LR, Sebastian M, Sharma V, Madan I, Lewis D, Pulerwitz J, Thior I, Tun W.

Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014 Jun 1;139:106-14. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.03.021. Epub 2014 Mar 30.


Predictors of first follow-up HIV testing for couples' voluntary HIV counseling and testing in Ndola, Zambia.

Czaicki NL, Davitte J, Siangonya B, Kastner R, Ahmed N, Khu NH, Kuo WH, Abdallah J, Wall KM, Tichacek A, Inambao M, Simpungwe K, Pulerwitz J, Thior I, Allen S.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2014 May 1;66(1):e1-7. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000076.


Effect of micronutrient supplementation on disease progression in asymptomatic, antiretroviral-naive, HIV-infected adults in Botswana: a randomized clinical trial.

Baum MK, Campa A, Lai S, Sales Martinez S, Tsalaile L, Burns P, Farahani M, Li Y, van Widenfelt E, Page JB, Bussmann H, Fawzi WW, Moyo S, Makhema J, Thior I, Essex M, Marlink R.

JAMA. 2013 Nov 27;310(20):2154-63. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.280923.


Strategies for recruiting injection drug users for HIV prevention services in Delhi, India.

Tun W, Sebastian MP, Sharma V, Madan I, Souidi S, Lewis D, Thior I, Sarna A.

Harm Reduct J. 2013 Sep 25;10:16. doi: 10.1186/1477-7517-10-16.


High uptake of HIV testing in a cohort of male injection drug users in Delhi, India: prevalence and correlates of HIV infection.

Sarna A, Tun W, Sharma V, Sebastian M, Madan I, Yadav A, Sheehy M, Lewis D, Thior I.

AIDS Behav. 2013 Sep;17(7):2479-89. doi: 10.1007/s10461-013-0442-z.


Infant feeding practices were not associated with breast milk HIV-1 RNA levels in a randomized clinical trial in Botswana.

Rossenkhan R, Novitsky V, Sebunya TK, Leidner J, Hagan JE, Moyo S, Smeaton L, Lockman S, Musonda R, Ndung'u T, Gaseitsiwe S, Thior I, Mmalane M, Makhema J, Essex M, Shapiro R.

AIDS Behav. 2012 Jul;16(5):1260-4. doi: 10.1007/s10461-011-0035-7.


Antiretroviral regimens in pregnancy and breast-feeding in Botswana.

Shapiro RL, Hughes MD, Ogwu A, Kitch D, Lockman S, Moffat C, Makhema J, Moyo S, Thior I, McIntosh K, van Widenfelt E, Leidner J, Powis K, Asmelash A, Tumbare E, Zwerski S, Sharma U, Handelsman E, Mburu K, Jayeoba O, Moko E, Souda S, Lubega E, Akhtar M, Wester C, Tuomola R, Snowden W, Martinez-Tristani M, Mazhani L, Essex M.

N Engl J Med. 2010 Jun 17;362(24):2282-94. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0907736.


Minor resistant variants in nevirapine-exposed infants may predict virologic failure on nevirapine-containing ART.

MacLeod IJ, Rowley CF, Thior I, Wester C, Makhema J, Essex M, Lockman S.

J Clin Virol. 2010 Jul;48(3):162-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2010.03.017. Epub 2010 Apr 27.


HIV-1 subtype C-infected individuals maintaining high viral load as potential targets for the "test-and-treat" approach to reduce HIV transmission.

Novitsky V, Wang R, Bussmann H, Lockman S, Baum M, Shapiro R, Thior I, Wester C, Wester CW, Ogwu A, Asmelash A, Musonda R, Campa A, Moyo S, van Widenfelt E, Mine M, Moffat C, Mmalane M, Makhema J, Marlink R, Gilbert P, Seage GR 3rd, DeGruttola V, Essex M.

PLoS One. 2010 Apr 12;5(4):e10148. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010148.


Temporal reduction of HIV type 1 viral load in breast milk by single-dose nevirapine during prevention of MTCT.

Rossenkhan R, Ndung'u T, Sebunya TK, Hagan JE, Shapiro R, Novitsky V, Moyo SM, Thior I, Lockman S, Mitchell R, Kim S, Musonda R, van Widenfelt E, Makhema J, Essex M.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2009 Dec;25(12):1261-4. doi: 10.1089/aid.2009.0037.


Perceptions of couple HIV counseling and testing in Botswana: a stakeholder analysis.

Kebaabetswe P, Ndase P, Mujugira A, Sekoto T, Ntshimane M, Owor A, Makhema J, Thior I, Essex M.

Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Apr;79(1):120-3. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.07.017. Epub 2009 Aug 13.


Safety and efficacy of nevirapine- and efavirenz-based antiretroviral treatment in adults treated for TB-HIV co-infection in Botswana.

Shipton LK, Wester CW, Stock S, Ndwapi N, Gaolathe T, Thior I, Avalos A, Moffat HJ, Mboya JJ, Widenfelt E, Essex M, Hughes MD, Shapiro RL.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009 Mar;13(3):360-6.


Risk factors for early and late transmission of HIV via breast-feeding among infants born to HIV-infected women in a randomized clinical trial in Botswana.

Shapiro RL, Smeaton L, Lockman S, Thior I, Rossenkhan R, Wester C, Stevens L, Moffat C, Arimi P, Ndase P, Asmelash A, Leidner J, Novitsky V, Makhema J, Essex M.

J Infect Dis. 2009 Feb 1;199(3):414-8. doi: 10.1086/596034.


Hematologic and hepatic toxicities associated with antenatal and postnatal exposure to maternal highly active antiretroviral therapy among infants.

Bae WH, Wester C, Smeaton LM, Shapiro RL, Lockman S, Onyait K, Thior I, Essex M.

AIDS. 2008 Aug 20;22(13):1633-40. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e328307a029.


Infant morbidity, mortality, and breast milk immunologic profiles among breast-feeding HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women in Botswana.

Shapiro RL, Lockman S, Kim S, Smeaton L, Rahkola JT, Thior I, Wester C, Moffat C, Arimi P, Ndase P, Asmelash A, Stevens L, Montano M, Makhema J, Essex M, Janoff EN.

J Infect Dis. 2007 Aug 15;196(4):562-9. Epub 2007 Jul 9.


Response to antiretroviral therapy after a single, peripartum dose of nevirapine.

Lockman S, Shapiro RL, Smeaton LM, Wester C, Thior I, Stevens L, Chand F, Makhema J, Moffat C, Asmelash A, Ndase P, Arimi P, van Widenfelt E, Mazhani L, Novitsky V, Lagakos S, Essex M.

N Engl J Med. 2007 Jan 11;356(2):135-47.


Voluntary counseling and testing among post-partum women in Botswana.

Thior I, Gabaitiri L, Grimes J, Shapiro R, Lockman S, Kim S, Kebaabetswe P, Garmey E, Montano M, Peter T, Chang SY, Marlink R, Essex M.

Patient Educ Couns. 2007 Mar;65(3):296-302. Epub 2006 Oct 9.


Effects of HIV-related stigma among an early sample of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Botswana.

Wolfe WR, Weiser SD, Bangsberg DR, Thior I, Makhema JM, Dickinson DB, Mompati KF, Marlink RG.

AIDS Care. 2006 Nov;18(8):931-3.


Breastfeeding plus infant zidovudine prophylaxis for 6 months vs formula feeding plus infant zidovudine for 1 month to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission in Botswana: a randomized trial: the Mashi Study.

Thior I, Lockman S, Smeaton LM, Shapiro RL, Wester C, Heymann SJ, Gilbert PB, Stevens L, Peter T, Kim S, van Widenfelt E, Moffat C, Ndase P, Arimi P, Kebaabetswe P, Mazonde P, Makhema J, McIntosh K, Novitsky V, Lee TH, Marlink R, Lagakos S, Essex M; Mashi Study Team.

JAMA. 2006 Aug 16;296(7):794-805.


Maternal single-dose nevirapine versus placebo as part of an antiretroviral strategy to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in Botswana.

Shapiro RL, Thior I, Gilbert PB, Lockman S, Wester C, Smeaton LM, Stevens L, Heymann SJ, Ndung'u T, Gaseitsiwe S, Novitsky V, Makhema J, Lagakos S, Essex M.

AIDS. 2006 Jun 12;20(9):1281-8.


Impact of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C on drug resistance mutations in patients from Botswana failing a nelfinavir-containing regimen.

Doualla-Bell F, Avalos A, Gaolathe T, Mine M, Gaseitsiwe S, Ndwapi N, Novitsky VA, Brenner B, Oliveira M, Moisi D, Moffat H, Thior I, Essex M, Wainberg MA.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2006 Jun;50(6):2210-3.


Gene-expression profiling of HIV-1 infection and perinatal transmission in Botswana.

Montano M, Rarick M, Sebastiani P, Brinkmann P, Russell M, Navis A, Wester C, Thior I, Essex M.

Genes Immun. 2006 Jun;7(4):298-309. Epub 2006 May 4.


Interactive association of proviral load and IFN-gamma-secreting T cell responses in HIV-1C infection.

Novitsky VA, Gilbert PB, Shea K, McLane MF, Rybak N, Klein I, Thior I, Ndung'u T, Lee TH, Essex ME.

Virology. 2006 May 25;349(1):142-55. Epub 2006 Mar 6.


Social consequences of HIV-positive women's participation in prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes.

Eide M, Myhre M, Lindbaek M, Sundby J, Arimi P, Thior I.

Patient Educ Couns. 2006 Feb;60(2):146-51.


HIV-1 subtype C in vitro growth and coreceptor utilization.

Ndung'u T, Sepako E, McLane MF, Chand F, Bedi K, Gaseitsiwe S, Doualla-Bell F, Peter T, Thior I, Moyo SM, Gilbert PB, Novitsky VA, Essex M.

Virology. 2006 Apr 10;347(2):247-60. Epub 2006 Jan 10.


Initial response to highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1C-infected adults in a public sector treatment program in Botswana.

Wester CW, Kim S, Bussmann H, Avalos A, Ndwapi N, Peter TF, Gaolathe T, Mujugira A, Busang L, Vanderwarker C, Cardiello P, Johnson O, Thior I, Mazonde P, Moffat H, Essex M, Marlink R.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005 Nov 1;40(3):336-43.


Major histocompatibility complex class II (HLA-DRB and -DQB) allele frequencies in Botswana: association with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection.

Ndung'u T, Gaseitsiwe S, Sepako E, Doualla-Bell F, Peter T, Kim S, Thior I, Novitsky VA, Essex M.

Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2005 Sep;12(9):1020-8.


Antiretroviral concentrations in breast-feeding infants of women in Botswana receiving antiretroviral treatment.

Shapiro RL, Holland DT, Capparelli E, Lockman S, Thior I, Wester C, Stevens L, Peter T, Essex M, Connor JD, Mirochnick M.

J Infect Dis. 2005 Sep 1;192(5):720-7. Epub 2005 Jul 27.


Highly active antiretroviral therapy started during pregnancy or postpartum suppresses HIV-1 RNA, but not DNA, in breast milk.

Shapiro RL, Ndung'u T, Lockman S, Smeaton LM, Thior I, Wester C, Stevens L, Sebetso G, Gaseitsiwe S, Peter T, Essex M.

J Infect Dis. 2005 Sep 1;192(5):713-9. Epub 2005 Jul 27.


A microchip CD4 counting method for HIV monitoring in resource-poor settings.

Rodriguez WR, Christodoulides N, Floriano PN, Graham S, Mohanty S, Dixon M, Hsiang M, Peter T, Zavahir S, Thior I, Romanovicz D, Bernard B, Goodey AP, Walker BD, McDevitt JT.

PLoS Med. 2005 Jul;2(7):e182. Epub 2005 Jul 19.


HIV-1 subtype C drug-resistance background among ARV-naive adults in Botswana.

Bussmann H, Novitsky V, Wester W, Peter T, Masupu K, Gabaitiri L, Kim S, Gaseitsiwe S, NdungĂș T, Marlink R, Thior I, Essex M.

Antivir Chem Chemother. 2005;16(2):103-15.


Mutations and polymorphisms associated with antiretroviral drugs in HIV-1C-infected African patients.

Doualla-Bell F, Gaseitsiwe S, NdungĂș T, Modukanele M, Peter T, Novitsky V, Ndwapi N, Tendani G, Avalos A, Wester W, Bussmann H, Cardiello P, Marlink R, Moffat H, Thior I, Wainberg MA, Essex M.

Antivir Chem Chemother. 2004 Jul;15(4):189-200.


Low CD4+ T-lymphocyte values in human immunodeficiency virus-negative adults in Botswana.

Bussmann H, Wester CW, Masupu KV, Peter T, Gaolekwe SM, Kim S, Reich AM, Ahn S, Wu Y, Thior I, Essex M, Marlink R.

Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2004 Sep;11(5):930-5.


Barriers to antiretroviral adherence for patients living with HIV infection and AIDS in Botswana.

Weiser S, Wolfe W, Bangsberg D, Thior I, Gilbert P, Makhema J, Kebaabetswe P, Dickenson D, Mompati K, Essex M, Marlink R.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2003 Nov 1;34(3):281-8.


Comparative prediction of perinatal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 transmission, using multiple virus load markers.

Montano M, Russell M, Gilbert P, Thior I, Lockman S, Shapiro R, Chang SY, Lee TH, Essex M.

J Infect Dis. 2003 Aug 1;188(3):406-13. Epub 2003 Jul 14.


Low adherence to recommended infant feeding strategies among HIV-infected women: results from the pilot phase of a randomized trial to prevent mother-to-child transmission in Botswana.

Shapiro RL, Lockman S, Thior I, Stocking L, Kebaabetswe P, Wester C, Peter T, Marlink R, Essex M, Heymann SJ.

AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Jun;15(3):221-30.


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