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Opioid Use Fueling HIV Transmission in an Urban Setting: An Outbreak of HIV Infection Among People Who Inject Drugs-Massachusetts, 2015-2018.

Alpren C, Dawson EL, John B, Cranston K, Panneer N, Fukuda HD, Roosevelt K, Klevens RM, Bryant J, Peters PJ, Lyss SB, Switzer WM, Burrage A, Murray A, Agnew-Brune C, Stiles T, McClung P, Campbell EM, Breen C, Randall LM, Dasgupta S, Onofrey S, Bixler D, Hampton K, Jaeger JL, Hsu KK, Adih W, Callis B, Goldman LR, Danner SP, Jia H, Tumpney M, Board A, Brown C, DeMaria A Jr, Buchacz K.

Am J Public Health. 2020 Jan;110(1):37-44. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2019.305366. Epub 2019 Nov 14.


Simian Foamy Viruses in Central and South America: A New World of Discovery.

Santos AF, Cavalcante LTF, Muniz CP, Switzer WM, Soares MA.

Viruses. 2019 Oct 20;11(10). pii: E967. doi: 10.3390/v11100967. Review.


Genome-Wide Patterns of Gene Expression in a Wild Primate Indicate Species-Specific Mechanisms Associated with Tolerance to Natural Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Infection.

Simons ND, Eick GN, Ruiz-Lopez MJ, Hyeroba D, Omeja PA, Weny G, Zheng H, Shankar A, Frost SDW, Jones JH, Chapman CA, Switzer WM, Goldberg TL, Sterner KN, Ting N.

Genome Biol Evol. 2019 Jun 1;11(6):1630-1643. doi: 10.1093/gbe/evz099.


Serologic Prevalence of Ebola Virus in Equatorial Africa.

Steffen I, Lu K, Yamamoto LK, Hoff NA, Mulembakani P, Wemakoy EO, Muyembe-Tamfum JJ, Ndembi N, Brennan CA, Hackett J Jr, Stramer SL, Switzer WM, Saragosti S, Mbensa GO, Laperche S, Rimoin AW, Simmons G.

Emerg Infect Dis. 2019 May;25(5):911-918. doi: 10.3201/eid2505.180115.


Notes from the Field: HIV Diagnoses Among Persons Who Inject Drugs - Northeastern Massachusetts, 2015-2018.

Cranston K, Alpren C, John B, Dawson E, Roosevelt K, Burrage A, Bryant J, Switzer WM, Breen C, Peters PJ, Stiles T, Murray A, Fukuda HD, Adih W, Goldman L, Panneer N, Callis B, Campbell EM, Randall L, France AM, Klevens RM, Lyss S, Onofrey S, Agnew-Brune C, Goulart M, Jia H, Tumpney M, McClung P, Dasgupta S, Bixler D, Hampton K; Amy Board, Jaeger JL, Buchacz K, DeMaria A Jr.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2019 Mar 15;68(10):253-254. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6810a6. No abstract available.


Characteristics of Persons Who Inject Drugs with Recent HIV Infection in the United States: National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, 2012.

Chapin-Bardales J, Masciotra S, Smith A, Hoots BE, Martin A, Switzer WM, Luo W, Owen SM, Paz-Bailey G; NHBS study group.

AIDS Behav. 2019 Dec;23(12):3277-3285. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02420-z.


Corrigendum to "Spumaretroviruses: Updated taxonomy and nomenclature" [Virology 516 (2018) 158-164].

Khan AS, Bodem J, Buseyne F, Gessain A, Johnson W, Kuhn JH, Kuzmak J, Lindemann D, Linial ML, Löchelt M, Materniak-Kornas M, Soares MA, Switzer WM.

Virology. 2019 Feb;528. pii: S0042-6822(18)30390-8. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2018.12.018. Epub 2019 Jan 20. No abstract available.


Undisclosed HIV infection among MSM in a behavioral surveillance study.

Hoots BE, Wejnert C, Martin A, Haaland R, Masciotra S, Sionean C, Smith A, Switzer WM, Paz-Bailey G; NHBS Study Group.

AIDS. 2019 Apr 1;33(5):913-918. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002147.


A Multiplex HIV Incidence Assay for Inferring Recent HIV-1 Transmission and Time of Infection.

Curtis KA, Campbell EM, Hanson DL, Rudolph DL, Duwve J, J Blosser S, Gentry J, Lovchik J, Peters PJ, Owen SM, Switzer WM.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2019 Apr 1;80(4):454-460. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001937.


A Strategy for PrEP Clinicians to Manage Ambiguous HIV Test Results During Follow-up Visits.

Smith DK, Switzer WM, Peters P, Delaney KP, Granade TC, Masciotra S, Shouse L, Brooks JT.

Open Forum Infect Dis. 2018 Jul 21;5(8):ofy180. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofy180. eCollection 2018 Aug.


Clinical and Molecular Features of Feline Foamy Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus Co-Infection in Naturally-Infected Cats.

Cavalcante LTF, Muniz CP, Jia H, Augusto AM, Troccoli F, Medeiros SO, Dias CGA, Switzer WM, Soares MA, Santos AF.

Viruses. 2018 Dec 11;10(12). pii: E702. doi: 10.3390/v10120702.


Maintenance and reappearance of extremely divergent intra-host HIV-1 variants.

Wertheim JO, Oster AM, Murrell B, Saduvala N, Heneine W, Switzer WM, Johnson JA.

Virus Evol. 2018 Dec 4;4(2):vey030. doi: 10.1093/ve/vey030. eCollection 2018 Jul.


A large HCV transmission network enabled a fast-growing HIV outbreak in rural Indiana, 2015.

Ramachandran S, Thai H, Forbi JC, Galang RR, Dimitrova Z, Xia GL, Lin Y, Punkova LT, Pontones PR, Gentry J, Blosser SJ, Lovchik J, Switzer WM, Teshale E, Peters P, Ward J, Khudyakov Y; Hepatitis C Investigation Team.

EBioMedicine. 2018 Nov;37:374-381. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.10.007. Epub 2018 Nov 15.


Identifying Clusters of Recent and Rapid HIV Transmission Through Analysis of Molecular Surveillance Data.

Oster AM, France AM, Panneer N, Bañez Ocfemia MC, Campbell E, Dasgupta S, Switzer WM, Wertheim JO, Hernandez AL.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018 Dec 15;79(5):543-550. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001856.


A multiplexed RT-LAMP assay for detection of group M HIV-1 in plasma or whole blood.

Curtis KA, Morrison D, Rudolph DL, Shankar A, Bloomfield LSP, Switzer WM, Owen SM.

J Virol Methods. 2018 May;255:91-97. doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2018.02.012. Epub 2018 Feb 21.


Spumaretroviruses: Updated taxonomy and nomenclature.

Khan AS, Bodem J, Buseyne F, Gessain A, Johnson W, Kuhn JH, Kuzmak J, Lindemann D, Linial ML, Löchelt M, Materniak-Kornas M, Soares MA, Switzer WM.

Virology. 2018 Mar;516:158-164. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2017.12.035. Review. Erratum in: Virology. 2019 Feb;528:.


Detailed Transmission Network Analysis of a Large Opiate-Driven Outbreak of HIV Infection in the United States.

Campbell EM, Jia H, Shankar A, Hanson D, Luo W, Masciotra S, Owen SM, Oster AM, Galang RR, Spiller MW, Blosser SJ, Chapman E, Roseberry JC, Gentry J, Pontones P, Duwve J, Peyrani P, Kagan RM, Whitcomb JM, Peters PJ, Heneine W, Brooks JT, Switzer WM.

J Infect Dis. 2017 Nov 27;216(9):1053-1062. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jix307.


Zoonotic infection of Brazilian primate workers with New World simian foamy virus.

Muniz CP, Cavalcante LTF, Jia H, Zheng H, Tang S, Augusto AM, Pissinatti A, Fedullo LP, Santos AF, Soares MA, Switzer WM.

PLoS One. 2017 Sep 20;12(9):e0184502. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184502. eCollection 2017.


A non-invasive specimen collection method and a novel simian foamy virus (SFV) DNA quantification assay in New World primates reveal aspects of tissue tropism and improved SFV detection.

Muniz CP, Zheng H, Jia H, Cavalcante LTF, Augusto AM, Fedullo LP, Pissinatti A, Soares MA, Switzer WM, Santos AF.

PLoS One. 2017 Sep 1;12(9):e0184251. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184251. eCollection 2017.


Transmission fitness of drug-resistant HIV revealed in a surveillance system transmission network.

Wertheim JO, Oster AM, Johnson JA, Switzer WM, Saduvala N, Hernandez AL, Hall HI, Heneine W.

Virus Evol. 2017 Apr 19;3(1):vex008. doi: 10.1093/ve/vex008. eCollection 2017 Jan.


Increasing HIV-1 subtype diversity in seven states, United States, 2006-2013.

Oster AM, Switzer WM, Hernandez AL, Saduvala N, Wertheim JO, Nwangwu-Ike N, Ocfemia MC, Campbell E, Hall HI.

Ann Epidemiol. 2017 Apr;27(4):244-251.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2017.02.002. Epub 2017 Feb 22.


Bayesian inference reveals ancient origin of simian foamy virus in orangutans.

Reid MJC, Switzer WM, Schillaci MA, Klegarth AR, Campbell E, Ragonnet-Cronin M, Joanisse I, Caminiti K, Lowenberger CA, Galdikas BMF, Hollocher H, Sandstrom PA, Brooks JI.

Infect Genet Evol. 2017 Jul;51:54-66. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2017.03.003. Epub 2017 Mar 6.


Development of neurologic diseases in a patient with primate T lymphotropic virus type 1 (PTLV-1).

Enose-Akahata Y, Caruso B, Haner B, Charlip E, Nair G, Massoud R, Billioux BJ, Ohayon J, Switzer WM, Jacobson S.

Retrovirology. 2016 Aug 12;13(1):56. doi: 10.1186/s12977-016-0290-9.


HIV Infection Linked to Injection Use of Oxymorphone in Indiana, 2014-2015.

Peters PJ, Pontones P, Hoover KW, Patel MR, Galang RR, Shields J, Blosser SJ, Spiller MW, Combs B, Switzer WM, Conrad C, Gentry J, Khudyakov Y, Waterhouse D, Owen SM, Chapman E, Roseberry JC, McCants V, Weidle PJ, Broz D, Samandari T, Mermin J, Walthall J, Brooks JT, Duwve JM; Indiana HIV Outbreak Investigation Team.

N Engl J Med. 2016 Jul 21;375(3):229-39. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1515195.


Dual Simian Foamy Virus/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infections in Persons from Côte d'Ivoire.

Switzer WM, Tang S, Zheng H, Shankar A, Sprinkle PS, Sullivan V, Granade TC, Heneine W.

PLoS One. 2016 Jun 16;11(6):e0157709. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0157709. eCollection 2016.


Assessing Commitment and Reporting Fidelity to a Text Message-Based Participatory Surveillance in Rural Western Uganda.

Lester J, Paige S, Chapman CA, Gibson M, Holland Jones J, Switzer WM, Ting N, Goldberg TL, Frost SD.

PLoS One. 2016 Jun 9;11(6):e0155971. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155971. eCollection 2016.


Detailed phylogenetic analysis of primate T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (PTLV-1) sequences from orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) reveals new insights into the evolutionary history of PTLV-1 in Asia.

Reid MJ, Switzer WM, Schillaci MA, Ragonnet-Cronin M, Joanisse I, Caminiti K, Lowenberger CA, Galdikas BM, Sandstrom PA, Brooks JI.

Infect Genet Evol. 2016 Sep;43:434-50. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.05.036. Epub 2016 May 28.


Origin and spread of HIV-1 in persons who inject drugs in Bulgaria.

Alexiev I, Shankar A, Dimitrova R, Gancheva A, Kostadinova A, Teoharov P, Golkocheva E, Nikolova M, Muhtarova M, Elenkov I, Stoycheva M, Nikolova D, Varleva T, Switzer WM.

Infect Genet Evol. 2016 Dec;46:269-278. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2016.05.029. Epub 2016 May 21.


Occupational HIV Transmission Among Male Adult Film Performers - Multiple States, 2014.

Wilken JA, Ried C, Rickett P, Arno JN, Mendez Y, Harrison RJ, Wohlfeiler D, Bauer HM, Joyce MP, Switzer WM, Heneine W, Shankar A, Mark KE.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016 Feb 12;65(5):110-4. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6505a3.


An expanded search for simian foamy viruses (SFV) in Brazilian New World primates identifies novel SFV lineages and host age-related infections.

Muniz CP, Jia H, Shankar A, Troncoso LL, Augusto AM, Farias E, Pissinatti A, Fedullo LP, Santos AF, Soares MA, Switzer WM.

Retrovirology. 2015 Nov 14;12:94. doi: 10.1186/s12977-015-0217-x.


Wide distribution and ancient evolutionary history of simian foamy viruses in New World primates.

Ghersi BM, Jia H, Aiewsakun P, Katzourakis A, Mendoza P, Bausch DG, Kasper MR, Montgomery JM, Switzer WM.

Retrovirology. 2015 Oct 29;12:89. doi: 10.1186/s12977-015-0214-0.


A re-evaluation of the origin of hepatitis C virus genotype 2 in West Africa.

Purdy MA, Forbi JC, Sue A, Layden JE, Switzer WM, Opare-Sem OK, Phillips RO, Khudyakov YE.

J Gen Virol. 2015 Aug;96(8):2157-64. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.000153. Epub 2015 Apr 17.


Genomic resources notes accepted 1 December 2014 - 31 January 2015.

Genomic Resources Development Consortium, Blanchet S, Bouchez O, Chapman CA, Etter PD, Goldberg TL, Johnson EA, Jones JH, Loot G, Omeja PA, Rey O, Ruiz-Lopez MJ, Switzer WM, Ting N.

Mol Ecol Resour. 2015 May;15(3):684. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12388.


Low HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance in Bulgaria against a background of high clade diversity.

Alexiev I, Shankar A, Wensing AM, Beshkov D, Elenkov I, Stoycheva M, Nikolova D, Nikolova M, Switzer WM.

J Antimicrob Chemother. 2015;70(6):1874-80. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkv011. Epub 2015 Feb 3.


Absence of giant blood Marseille-like virus DNA detection by polymerase chain reaction in plasma from healthy US blood donors and serum from multiply transfused patients from Cameroon.

Phan TG, Desnues C, Switzer WM, Djoko CF, Schneider BS, Deng X, Delwart E.

Transfusion. 2015 Jun;55(6):1256-62. doi: 10.1111/trf.12997. Epub 2015 Feb 2.


Discovery of prosimian and afrotherian foamy viruses and potential cross species transmissions amidst stable and ancient mammalian co-evolution.

Katzourakis A, Aiewsakun P, Jia H, Wolfe ND, LeBreton M, Yoder AD, Switzer WM.

Retrovirology. 2014 Aug 4;11:61. doi: 10.1186/1742-4690-11-61.


Discovery and full genome characterization of a new SIV lineage infecting red-tailed guenons (Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti) in Kibale National Park, Uganda.

Lauck M, Switzer WM, Sibley SD, Hyeroba D, Tumukunde A, Weny G, Shankar A, Greene JM, Ericsen AJ, Zheng H, Ting N, Chapman CA, Friedrich TC, Goldberg TL, O'Connor DH.

Retrovirology. 2014 Jul 4;11:55. doi: 10.1186/1742-4690-11-55.


HIV reverse-transcriptase drug resistance mutations during early infection reveal greater transmission diversity than in envelope sequences.

Lipscomb JT, Switzer WM, Li JF, Masciotra S, Owen SM, Johnson JA.

J Infect Dis. 2014 Dec 1;210(11):1827-37. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu333. Epub 2014 Jun 12.


Human T-cell leukemia virus type 3 (HTLV-3) and HTLV-4 antisense-transcript-encoded proteins interact and transactivate Jun family-dependent transcription via their atypical bZIP motif.

Larocque É, André-Arpin C, Borowiak M, Lemay G, Switzer WM, Duc Dodon M, Mesnard JM, Barbeau B.

J Virol. 2014 Aug;88(16):8956-70. doi: 10.1128/JVI.01094-14. Epub 2014 May 28.


Beyond bushmeat: animal contact, injury, and zoonotic disease risk in Western Uganda.

Paige SB, Frost SD, Gibson MA, Jones JH, Shankar A, Switzer WM, Ting N, Goldberg TL.

Ecohealth. 2014 Dec;11(4):534-43. doi: 10.1007/s10393-014-0942-y. Epub 2014 May 21.


Likely female-to-female sexual transmission of HIV--Texas, 2012.

Chan SK, Thornton LR, Chronister KJ, Meyer J, Wolverton M, Johnson CK, Arafat RR, Joyce PM, Switzer WM, Heneine W, Shankar A, Granade T, Owen MS, Sprinkle P, Sullivan V; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Mar 14;63(10):209-12.


Conference highlights of the 16th International Conference on Human Retrovirology: HTLV and related retroviruses, 26-30 June 2013, Montreal, Canada.

Barbeau B, Hiscott J, Bazarbachi A, Carvalho E, Jones K, Martin F, Matsuoka M, Murphy EL, Ratner L, Switzer WM, Watanabe T.

Retrovirology. 2014 Feb 24;11:19. doi: 10.1186/1742-4690-11-19.


Intra-host diversity and evolution of hepatitis C virus endemic to Côte d'Ivoire.

Forbi JC, Campo DS, Purdy MA, Dimitrova ZE, Skums P, Xia GL, Punkova LT, Ganova-Raeva LM, Vaughan G, Ben-Ayed Y, Switzer WM, Khudyakov YE.

J Med Virol. 2014 May;86(5):765-71. doi: 10.1002/jmv.23897. Epub 2014 Feb 12.


HIV infection among partners of HIV-infected black men who have sex with Men - North Carolina, 2011-2013.

Peters PJ, Gay C, Beagle S, Shankar A, Switzer WM, Hightow-Weidman LB; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014 Feb 7;63(5):90-4.


A gorilla reservoir for human T-lymphotropic virus type 4.

LeBreton M, Switzer WM, Djoko CF, Gillis A, Jia H, Sturgeon MM, Shankar A, Zheng H, Nkeunen G, Tamoufe U, Nana A, Le Doux Diffo J, Tafon B, Kiyang J, Schneider BS, Burke DS, Wolfe ND.

Emerg Microbes Infect. 2014 Jan;3(1):e7. doi: 10.1038/emi.2014.7. Epub 2014 Jan 22.


Discovery and full genome characterization of two highly divergent simian immunodeficiency viruses infecting black-and-white colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza) in Kibale National Park, Uganda.

Lauck M, Switzer WM, Sibley SD, Hyeroba D, Tumukunde A, Weny G, Taylor B, Shankar A, Ting N, Chapman CA, Friedrich TC, Goldberg TL, O'Connor DH.

Retrovirology. 2013 Oct 21;10:107. doi: 10.1186/1742-4690-10-107.


Disparate distribution of hepatitis B virus genotypes in four sub-Saharan African countries.

Forbi JC, Ben-Ayed Y, Xia GL, Vaughan G, Drobeniuc J, Switzer WM, Khudyakov YE.

J Clin Virol. 2013 Sep;58(1):59-66. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2013.06.028. Epub 2013 Jul 17.


Identification and characterization of highly divergent simian foamy viruses in a wide range of new world primates from Brazil.

Muniz CP, Troncoso LL, Moreira MA, Soares EA, Pissinatti A, Bonvicino CR, Seuánez HN, Sharma B, Jia H, Shankar A, Switzer WM, Santos AF, Soares MA.

PLoS One. 2013 Jul 3;8(7):e67568. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067568. Print 2013.


An exogenous retrovirus isolated from koalas with malignant neoplasias in a US zoo.

Xu W, Stadler CK, Gorman K, Jensen N, Kim D, Zheng H, Tang S, Switzer WM, Pye GW, Eiden MV.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Jul 9;110(28):11547-52. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1304704110. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

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