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J Dent Educ. 2019 Apr;83(4):381-397. doi: 10.21815/JDE.019.043. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

A Systematic Review of Critical Thinking Instruments for Use in Dental Education.

Author information

1
Patrick L. Anders, DDS, MPH, is Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine; Elizabeth M. Stellrecht, MLS, is Senior Assistant Librarian and Liaison, School of Dental Medicine, Health Science Library, University at Buffalo; Elaine L. Davis, PhD, is Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine; and W.D. McCall Jr., PhD, is Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine. planders@buffalo.edu.
2
Patrick L. Anders, DDS, MPH, is Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine; Elizabeth M. Stellrecht, MLS, is Senior Assistant Librarian and Liaison, School of Dental Medicine, Health Science Library, University at Buffalo; Elaine L. Davis, PhD, is Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine; and W.D. McCall Jr., PhD, is Professor, Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, University at Buffalo School of Dental Medicine.

Abstract

Critical thinking is widely recognized as an essential competency in dental education, but there is little agreement on how it should be assessed. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the availability of instruments that could be used to measure critical thinking in dental students and to evaluate psychometric evidence to support their use. In January 2017, an electronic search of both the medical and education literature was performed on nine databases. The search included both keyword and Medical Subject Heading terms for critical thinking, higher education/health sciences education, measurement/assessment, and reproducibility of results. The grey literature was included in the search. The search produced 2,977 unique records. From the title and abstract review, 183 articles were selected for further review, which resulted in 36 articles for data extraction. Ten of these studies sought to evaluate psychometric properties of the instruments used and were subjected to quality assessment. Seven assessment instruments were identified. Of these, three instruments that have not been widely used nor tested in health professions students showed evidence of psychometric strength and appeared to have potential for use in dental education. Further research should focus on the three critical thinking instruments with strong psychometric evidence, with the aim of establishing validity and reliability in the context of dental education.

KEYWORDS:

assessment; critical thinking; dental education; systematic review

PMID:
30745345
DOI:
10.21815/JDE.019.043
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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