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Anticholinergic and benzodiazepine medication use and risk of incident dementia: a UK cohort study.

Grossi CM, Richardson K, Fox C, Maidment I, Steel N, Loke YK, Arthur A, Myint PK, Campbell N, Boustani M, Robinson L, Brayne C, Matthews FE, Savva GM.

BMC Geriatr. 2019 Oct 21;19(1):276. doi: 10.1186/s12877-019-1280-2.


Health in the UK-Authors' reply.

Steel N, Ford JA, Newton JN, Stockton D, Hughes A.

Lancet. 2019 Sep 7;394(10201):828-829. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)31249-8. No abstract available.


Is one dose of human papillomavirus vaccine as effective as three?: A national cohort analysis.

Brotherton JM, Budd A, Rompotis C, Bartlett N, Malloy MJ, Andersen RL, Coulter KA, Couvee PW, Steel N, Ward GH, Saville M.

Papillomavirus Res. 2019 Dec;8:100177. doi: 10.1016/j.pvr.2019.100177. Epub 2019 Jul 15.


Can goal-setting for patients with multimorbidity improve outcomes in primary care? Cluster randomised feasibility trial.

Ford JA, Lenaghan E, Salter C, Turner D, Shiner A, Clark AB, Murdoch J, Green C, James S, Koopmans I, Lipp A, Moseley A, Wade T, Winterburn S, Steel N.

BMJ Open. 2019 Jun 3;9(6):e025332. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025332.


Setting goals with patients living with multimorbidity: qualitative analysis of general practice consultations.

Salter C, Shiner A, Lenaghan E, Murdoch J, Ford JA, Winterburn S, Steel N.

Br J Gen Pract. 2019 Jul;69(684):e479-e488. doi: 10.3399/bjgp19X704129. Epub 2019 Jun 3.


History of Benzodiazepine Prescriptions and Risk of Dementia: Possible Bias Due to Prevalent Users and Covariate Measurement Timing in a Nested Case-Control Study.

Richardson K, Mattishent K, Loke YK, Steel N, Fox C, Grossi CM, Bennett K, Maidment I, Boustani M, Matthews FE, Myint PK, Campbell NL, Brayne C, Robinson L, Savva GM.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Jul 1;188(7):1228-1236. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwz073.


TGFβ-activation by dendritic cells drives Th17 induction and intestinal contractility and augments the expulsion of the parasite Trichinella spiralis in mice.

Steel N, Faniyi AA, Rahman S, Swietlik S, Czajkowska BI, Chan BT, Hardgrave A, Steel A, Sparwasser TD, Assas MB, Grencis RK, Travis MA, Worthington JJ.

PLoS Pathog. 2019 Apr 18;15(4):e1007657. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007657. eCollection 2019 Apr.


Improving primary care Access in Context and Theory (I-ACT trial): a theory-informed randomised cluster feasibility trial using a realist perspective.

Ford JA, Jones AP, Wong G, Barton G, Clark A, Sims E, Swart AM, Steel N.

Trials. 2019 Apr 4;20(1):193. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-3299-2.


Optimal SBP targets in routine clinical care.

Gitsels LA, Kulinskaya E, Bakbergenuly I, Steel N.

J Hypertens. 2019 Apr;37(4):837-843. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001947.


Tackling multimorbidity in primary care: is relational continuity the missing ingredient?

Engamba SA, Steel N, Howe A, Bachman M.

Br J Gen Pract. 2019 Feb;69(679):92-93. doi: 10.3399/bjgp19X701201. No abstract available.


Are patients in heart failure trials representative of primary care populations? A systematic review.

Gollop ND, Ford J, Mackeith P, Thurlow C, Wakelin R, Steel N, Fleetcroft R.

BJGP Open. 2018 Apr 24;2(1):bjgpopen18X101337. doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen18X101337. eCollection 2018 Apr.


Changes in health in the countries of the UK and 150 English Local Authority areas 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.

Steel N, Ford JA, Newton JN, Davis ACJ, Vos T, Naghavi M, Glenn S, Hughes A, Dalton AM, Stockton D, Humphreys C, Dallat M, Schmidt J, Flowers J, Fox S, Abubakar I, Aldridge RW, Baker A, Brayne C, Brugha T, Capewell S, Car J, Cooper C, Ezzati M, Fitzpatrick J, Greaves F, Hay R, Hay S, Kee F, Larson HJ, Lyons RA, Majeed A, McKee M, Rawaf S, Rutter H, Saxena S, Sheikh A, Smeeth L, Viner RM, Vollset SE, Williams HC, Wolfe C, Woolf A, Murray CJL.

Lancet. 2018 Nov 3;392(10158):1647-1661. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32207-4. Epub 2018 Oct 24.


RANZCOG Fellows' adherence to guidelines following cytological prediction of cervical adenocarcinoma-in-situ: Cause for concern?

Powell A, Cohen PA, Spilsbury K, Steel N, Blomfield P.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2019 Apr;59(2):294-300. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12886. Epub 2018 Oct 4.


Optimal SBP targets in routine clinical care.

Gitsels LA, Kulinskaya E, Bakbergenuly I, Steel N.

J Hypertens. 2018 Sep 17. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001947. [Epub ahead of print]


Access to primary care for socio-economically disadvantaged older people in rural areas: exploring realist theory using structural equation modelling in a linked dataset.

Ford JA, Jones A, Wong G, Clark A, Porter T, Steel N.

BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018 Jun 19;18(1):57. doi: 10.1186/s12874-018-0514-x.


Does practice analysis agree with the ambulatory care sensitive conditions' list of avoidable unplanned admissions?: a cross-sectional study in the East of England.

Fleetcroft R, Hardcastle A, Steel N, Price GM, Purdy S, Lipp A, Myint PK, Howe A.

BMJ Open. 2018 Apr 28;8(4):e020756. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020756.


Anticholinergic drugs and risk of dementia: case-control study.

Richardson K, Fox C, Maidment I, Steel N, Loke YK, Arthur A, Myint PK, Grossi CM, Mattishent K, Bennett K, Campbell NL, Boustani M, Robinson L, Brayne C, Matthews FE, Savva GM.

BMJ. 2018 Apr 25;361:k1315. doi: 10.1136/bmj.k1315. Erratum in: BMJ. 2019 Oct 31;367:l6213.


Access to primary care for socio-economically disadvantaged older people in rural areas: A qualitative study.

Ford JA, Turley R, Porter T, Shakespeare T, Wong G, Jones AP, Steel N.

PLoS One. 2018 Mar 6;13(3):e0193952. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193952. eCollection 2018.


Risk of persistent or recurrent cervical neoplasia in patients with 'pure' adenocarcinoma-in-situ (AIS) or mixed AIS and high-grade cervical squamous neoplasia (cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia grades 2 and 3 (CIN 2/3)): a population-based study.

Codde E, Munro A, Stewart C, Spilsbury K, Bowen S, Codde J, Steel N, Leung Y, Tan J, Salfinger SG, Mohan GR, Cohen PA.

BJOG. 2018 Jan;125(1):74-79. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.14808. Epub 2017 Aug 2.


Prescribing statins in general practice: who decides?

Steel N, Fleetcroft B, Hassan Y.

Br J Gen Pract. 2017 Jun;67(659):246-247. doi: 10.3399/bjgp17X690953. No abstract available.


A systematic review of the physical activity assessment tools used in primary care.

Smith TO, McKenna MC, Salter C, Hardeman W, Richardson K, Hillsdon M, Hughes CA, Steel N, Jones AP.

Fam Pract. 2017 Aug 1;34(4):384-391. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmx011. Review.


Service use of older people who participate in primary care health promotion: a latent class analysis.

Ford JA, Kharicha K, Clarke CS, Clark A, Iliffe S, Goodman C, Manthorpe J, Steel N, Walters K.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Mar 6;17(1):176. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2122-6.


Risk of persistent or recurrent neoplasia in conservatively treated women with cervical adenocarcinoma in situ with negative histological margins.

Munro A, Codde J, Spilsbury K, Stewart CJ, Steel N, Leung Y, Tan J, Salfinger SG, Mohan GR, Semmens JB, Cohen PA.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2017 Apr;96(4):432-437. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13110. Epub 2017 Mar 6.


Survival prospects after acute myocardial infarction in the UK: a matched cohort study 1987-2011.

Gitsels LA, Kulinskaya E, Steel N.

BMJ Open. 2017 Jan 24;7(1):e013570. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013570.


Risk of persistent and recurrent cervical neoplasia following incidentally detected adenocarcinoma in situ.

Munro A, Codde J, Spilsbury K, Steel N, Stewart CJ, Salfinger SG, Tan J, Mohan GR, Leung Y, Semmens JB, O'Leary P, Williams V, Cohen PA.

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Mar;216(3):272.e1-272.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.11.1044. Epub 2016 Nov 28.


Survival Benefits of Statins for Primary Prevention: A Cohort Study.

Gitsels LA, Kulinskaya E, Steel N.

PLoS One. 2016 Nov 18;11(11):e0166847. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166847. eCollection 2016.


Why are statin prescribing guidelines for primary prevention not always followed in primary care?

Hassan Y, Ford J, Steel N, Sheldon J, Fleetcroft R.

Br J Gen Pract. 2016 Oct;66(651):536-7. doi: 10.3399/bjgp16X687481. No abstract available.


After 12 years, where next for QOF?

Steel N, Shekelle P.

BMJ. 2016 Aug 4;354:i4103. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i4103. No abstract available.


Emergency hospital admissions for asthma and access to primary care: cross-sectional analysis.

Fleetcroft R, Noble M, Martin A, Coombes E, Ford J, Steel N.

Br J Gen Pract. 2016 Sep;66(650):e640-6. doi: 10.3399/bjgp16X686089. Epub 2016 Jun 20.


Access to primary care for socioeconomically disadvantaged older people in rural areas: a realist review.

Ford JA, Wong G, Jones AP, Steel N.

BMJ Open. 2016 May 17;6(5):e010652. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010652. Review.


A systematic review of strategies to recruit and retain primary care doctors.

Verma P, Ford JA, Stuart A, Howe A, Everington S, Steel N.

BMC Health Serv Res. 2016 Apr 12;16:126. doi: 10.1186/s12913-016-1370-1. Review.


Spontaneous regression of CIN2 in women aged 18-24 years: a retrospective study of a state-wide population in Western Australia.

Munro A, Powell RG, A Cohen P, Bowen S, Spilsbury K, O'Leary P, Semmens JB, Codde J, Williams V, Steel N, Leung Y.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2016 Mar;95(3):291-8. doi: 10.1111/aogs.12835. Epub 2016 Jan 17.


Weekend opening in primary care: analysis of the General Practice Patient Survey.

Ford JA, Jones AP, Wong G, Steel N.

Br J Gen Pract. 2015 Dec;65(641):e792-8. doi: 10.3399/bjgp15X687673. Epub 2015 Nov 5.


A systematic review of health service interventions to reduce use of unplanned health care in rural areas.

Brainard JS, Ford JA, Steel N, Jones AP.

J Eval Clin Pract. 2016 Apr;22(2):145-55. doi: 10.1111/jep.12470. Epub 2015 Oct 28. Review.


Difficulty accessing data from randomised trials of drugs for heart failure: a call for action.

Fleetcroft R, Ford J, Gollop ND, MacKeith P, Perera K, Shafi AA, Sorefan J, Thurlow C, Wakelin R, Cowie MR, Steel N.

BMJ. 2015 Oct 21;351:h5002. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h5002. Review. No abstract available.


Improving access to high-quality primary care for socioeconomically disadvantaged older people in rural areas: a mixed method study protocol.

Ford JA, Jones AP, Wong G, Clark AB, Porter T, Shakespeare T, Swart AM, Steel N.

BMJ Open. 2015 Sep 18;5(9):e009104. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009104.


Risk of high-grade cervical dysplasia and gynaecological malignancies following the cytologic diagnosis of atypical endocervical cells of undetermined significance: a retrospective study of a state-wide screening population in Western Australia.

Munro A, Williams V, Semmens J, Leung Y, Stewart CJ, Codde J, Spilsbury K, Steel N, Cohen P, O'leary P.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2015 Jun;55(3):268-73. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12336. Epub 2015 Jun 5.


The human papillomavirus Test of Cure: A lesson on compliance with the NHMRC guidelines on screening to prevent cervical cancer.

Munro A, Spilsbury K, Leung Y, O'Leary P, Williams V, Codde J, Steel N, Cohen P, Semmens J.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2015 Apr;55(2):185-90. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12309. Epub 2015 Apr 14.


The dynamics of quality: a national panel study of evidence-based standards.

Hardcastle AC, Mounce LTA, Richards SH, Bachmann MO, Clark A, Henley WE, Campbell JL, Melzer D, Steel N.

Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2015 Mar.


Evaluation of a multidisciplinary Tier 3 weight management service for adults with morbid obesity, or obesity and comorbidities, based in primary care.

Jennings A, Hughes CA, Kumaravel B, Bachmann MO, Steel N, Capehorn M, Cheema K.

Clin Obes. 2014 Oct;4(5):254-66. doi: 10.1111/cob.12066. Epub 2014 Jul 1.


Comparison of cold knife cone biopsy and loop electrosurgical excision procedure in the management of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ: What is the gold standard?

Munro A, Leung Y, Spilsbury K, Stewart CJ, Semmens J, Codde J, Williams V, O'Leary P, Steel N, Cohen P.

Gynecol Oncol. 2015 May;137(2):258-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2015.02.024. Epub 2015 Mar 11.


Utilisation of co-testing 
(human papillomavirus DNA testing and cervical cytology) after treatment of CIN: - a survey of GPs' awareness and knowledge.

Munro A, Codde J, Semmens J, Leung Y, Spilsbury K, Williams V, Steel N, Cohen P, Pavicic H, Westoby V, O'Leary P.

Aust Fam Physician. 2015 Jan-Feb;44(1-2):64-8.


Patient characteristics predicting failure to receive indicated care for type 2 diabetes.

Mounce LT, Steel N, Hardcastle AC, Henley WE, Bachmann MO, Campbell JL, Clark A, Melzer D, Richards SH.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2015 Feb;107(2):247-58. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2014.11.009. Epub 2014 Dec 3.


Primary care evidence in clinical guidelines: a mixed methods study of practitioners' views.

Abdelhamid A, Howe A, Stokes T, Qureshi N, Steel N.

Br J Gen Pract. 2014 Nov;64(628):e719-27. doi: 10.3399/bjgp14X682309.


Economic inequalities in burden of illness, diagnosis and treatment of five long-term conditions in England: panel study.

Steel N, Hardcastle AC, Bachmann MO, Richards SH, Mounce LTA, Clark A, Lang I, Melzer D, Campbell J.

BMJ Open. 2014 Oct 24;4(10):e005530. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005530.


A review of clinical practice guidelines found that they were often based on evidence of uncertain relevance to primary care patients.

Steel N, Abdelhamid A, Stokes T, Edwards H, Fleetcroft R, Howe A, Qureshi N.

J Clin Epidemiol. 2014 Nov;67(11):1251-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2014.05.020. Epub 2014 Sep 6. Review.


Self-reported quality of care for older adults from 2004 to 2011: a cohort study.

Steel N, Hardcastle AC, Clark A, Mounce LT, Bachmann MO, Richards SH, Henley WE, Campbell JL, Melzer D.

Age Ageing. 2014 Sep;43(5):716-20. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afu091. Epub 2014 Jul 11.


Multimorbidity: what's the problem?

Shiner A, Steel N, Howe A.

Qual Prim Care. 2014;22(3):115-9. No abstract available.


The role of general practitioners in the continued success of the National Cervical Screening Program.

Munro A, Pavicic H, Leung Y, Westoby V, Steel N, Semmens J, O'Leary P.

Aust Fam Physician. 2014 May;43(5):293-6.


Understanding the dementia diagnosis gap in Norfolk and Suffolk: a survey of general practitioners.

Fox M, Fox C, Cruickshank W, Penhale B, Poland F, Steel N.

Qual Prim Care. 2014;22(2):101-7.


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