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Keeping the Demons At Bay When Handling Time Varying Exposures: Beyond Avoiding Immortal Person Time.

Edwards JK, Htoo PT, Stürmer T.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Mar 27. pii: kwz066. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwz066. [Epub ahead of print]


Assessing the Association Between Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitor Use and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Through Drug Adverse Event Reporting.

Wang T, Lu W, Li D, Tang H, Yang JY, Buse JB, Stürmer T.

Diabetes Care. 2019 Jun;42(6):e89-e91. doi: 10.2337/dc18-1609. No abstract available.


Study design choices for evaluating the comparative safety of diabetes medications: An evaluation of pioglitazone use and risk of bladder cancer in older US adults with type-2 diabetes.

Garry EM, Buse JB, Gokhale M, Lund JL, Nielsen ME, Pate V, Stürmer T.

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2019 May 14. doi: 10.1111/dom.13774. [Epub ahead of print]


Propensity score methods to control for confounding in observational cohort studies: a statistical primer and application to endoscopy research.

Yang JY, Webster-Clark M, Lund JL, Sandler RS, Dellon ES, Stürmer T.

Gastrointest Endosc. 2019 Apr 30. pii: S0016-5107(19)31663-3. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2019.04.236. [Epub ahead of print] Review.


Safety of Dynamic Intravenous Iron Administration Strategies in Hemodialysis Patients.

Li X, Cole SR, Kshirsagar AV, Fine JP, Stürmer T, Brookhart MA.

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2019 May 7;14(5):728-737. doi: 10.2215/CJN.03970318. Epub 2019 Apr 15.


Restriction of Pharmacoepidemiologic Cohorts to Initiators of Medications in Unrelated Preventive Drug Classes to Reduce Confounding by Frailty in Older Adults.

Zhang HT, McGrath LJ, Ellis AR, Wyss R, Lund JL, Stürmer T.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Jul 1;188(7):1371-1382. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwz083.


Comparison of Medicare Claims-based Proxy Measures of Poor Function and Associations With Treatment Receipt and Mortality in Older Colon Cancer Patients.

Mayer SE, Tan HJ, Peacock Hinton S, Sanoff HK, Stürmer T, Hester LL, Faurot KR, Jonsson Funk M, Lund JL.

Med Care. 2019 Apr;57(4):286-294. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000001073.


Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety's special issue on validation studies.

Chun DS, Lund JL, Stürmer T.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2019 Feb;28(2):123-125. doi: 10.1002/pds.4694. Epub 2019 Feb 3. No abstract available.


Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor use and risk of lower-extremity amputation: Evolving questions, evolving answers.

Yang JY, Wang T, Pate V, Gower EW, Crowley MJ, Buse JB, Stürmer T.

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2019 May;21(5):1223-1236. doi: 10.1111/dom.13647. Epub 2019 Mar 4.


Excess Deaths Attributable to Influenza-Like Illness in the ESRD Population.

Gilbertson DT, Rothman KJ, Chertow GM, Bradbury BD, Brookhart MA, Liu J, Winkelmayer WC, Stürmer T, Monda KL, Herzog CA, Ashfaq A, Collins AJ, Wetmore JB.

J Am Soc Nephrol. 2019 Feb;30(2):346-353. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2018060581. Epub 2019 Jan 24.


The importance and implications of comparator selection in pharmacoepidemiologic research.

D'Arcy M, Stürmer T, Lund JL.

Curr Epidemiol Rep. 2018 Sep;5(3):272-283. doi: 10.1007/s40471-018-0155-y. Epub 2018 Jul 6.


Association Between Postoperative Delirium and Long-term Cognitive Function After Major Nonemergent Surgery.

Austin CA, O'Gorman T, Stern E, Emmett D, Stürmer T, Carson S, Busby-Whitehead J.

JAMA Surg. 2019 Jan 16. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.5093. [Epub ahead of print]


Psychotherapy Claims Surrounding Pharmacotherapy Initiation in Children and Adolescents with Anxiety Disorders.

Bushnell GA, Dusetzina SB, Compton SN, Gaynes BN, Brookhart MA, Stürmer T.

J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2019 Mar;29(2):100-106. doi: 10.1089/cap.2018.0108. Epub 2018 Dec 19.


Changing predictors of statin initiation in US women over two decades.

Kinsey TL, Stürmer T, Poole C, Rothman KJ, Glynn RJ.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2019 Mar;28(3):305-314. doi: 10.1002/pds.4704. Epub 2018 Dec 19.


Cause-specific mortality among Medicare beneficiaries with newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes.

Hester LL, Park SI, Wood WA, Stürmer T, Brookhart MA, Lund JL.

Cancer. 2019 Apr 1;125(7):1101-1112. doi: 10.1002/cncr.31821. Epub 2018 Dec 11.


Assessing the Association Between GLP-1 Receptor Agonist Use and Diabetic Retinopathy Through the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System.

Wang T, Lu W, Tang H, Buse JB, Stürmer T, Gower EW.

Diabetes Care. 2019 Feb;42(2):e21-e23. doi: 10.2337/dc18-1893. Epub 2018 Dec 7. No abstract available.


Association of Long-term Child Growth and Developmental Outcomes With Metformin vs Insulin Treatment for Gestational Diabetes.

Landi SN, Radke S, Engel SM, Boggess K, Stürmer T, Howe AS, Funk MJ.

JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Feb 1;173(2):160-168. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.4214. Erratum in: JAMA Pediatr. 2019 Jan 7;:.


Multinomial Extension of Propensity Score Trimming Methods: A Simulation Study.

Yoshida K, Solomon DH, Haneuse S, Kim SC, Patorno E, Tedeschi SK, Lyu H, Franklin JM, Stürmer T, Hernández-Díaz S, Glynn RJ.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Mar 1;188(3):609-616. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwy263.


Impact of metformin use on the cardiovascular effects of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors: An analysis of Medicare claims data from 2007 to 2015.

Crowley MJ, Gokhale M, Pate V, Stürmer T, Buse JB.

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2018 Nov 20. doi: 10.1111/dom.13589. [Epub ahead of print]


Who diagnosed and prescribed what? Using provider details to inform observational research.

Bushnell GA, Stürmer T, Mack C, Pate V, Miller M.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Dec;27(12):1422-1426. doi: 10.1002/pds.4685. Epub 2018 Oct 31.


Incidence of mental health hospitalizations, treated self-harm, and emergency room visits following new anxiety disorder diagnoses in privately insured U.S. children.

Bushnell GA, Gaynes BN, Compton SN, Dusetzina SB, Brookhart MA, Stürmer T.

Depress Anxiety. 2019 Feb;36(2):179-189. doi: 10.1002/da.22849. Epub 2018 Oct 24.


Comparison of Methods to Generalize Randomized Clinical Trial Results Without Individual-Level Data for the Target Population.

Hong JL, Webster-Clark M, Jonsson Funk M, Stürmer T, Dempster SE, Cole SR, Herr I, LoCasale R.

Am J Epidemiol. 2019 Feb 1;188(2):426-437. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwy233.


Diagnostic Assessment of Assumptions for External Validity: An Example Using Data in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer.

Webster-Clark MA, Sanoff HK, Stürmer T, Peacock Hinton S, Lund JL.

Epidemiology. 2019 Jan;30(1):103-111. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000926.


Principles and considerations for effective academia-industry collaboration in pharmacoepidemiology.

Ephross SA, Mitchell AA, Sacks S, Straus W, Stürmer T.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Nov;27(11):1153-1156. doi: 10.1002/pds.4644. Epub 2018 Sep 19. No abstract available.


Trends in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder medication use: a retrospective observational study using population-based databases.

Raman SR, Man KKC, Bahmanyar S, Berard A, Bilder S, Boukhris T, Bushnell G, Crystal S, Furu K, KaoYang YH, Karlstad Ø, Kieler H, Kubota K, Lai EC, Martikainen JE, Maura G, Moore N, Montero D, Nakamura H, Neumann A, Pate V, Pottegård A, Pratt NL, Roughead EE, Macias Saint-Gerons D, Stürmer T, Su CC, Zoega H, Sturkenbroom MCJM, Chan EW, Coghill D, Ip P, Wong ICK.

Lancet Psychiatry. 2018 Oct;5(10):824-835. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(18)30293-1. Epub 2018 Sep 13.


Incretin-Based Therapies and Diabetic Retinopathy: Real-World Evidence in Older U.S. Adults.

Wang T, Hong JL, Gower EW, Pate V, Garg S, Buse JB, Stürmer T.

Diabetes Care. 2018 Sep;41(9):1998-2009. doi: 10.2337/dc17-2285. Epub 2018 Jul 16.


Calendar time as an instrumental variable in assessing the risk of heart failure with antihyperglycemic drugs.

Gokhale M, Buse JB, DeFilippo Mack C, Jonsson Funk M, Lund J, Simpson RJ, Stürmer T.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Aug;27(8):857-866. doi: 10.1002/pds.4578. Epub 2018 Jun 26.


Approaches to Address Premature Death of Patients When Assessing Patterns of Use of Health Care Services After an Index Event.

Bush M, Simpson RJ Jr, Kucharska-Newton A, Fang G, Stürmer T, Brookhart MA.

Med Care. 2018 Jul;56(7):619-625. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000923.


Examining Parental Medication Adherence as a Predictor of Child Medication Adherence in Pediatric Anxiety Disorders.

Bushnell GA, Brookhart MA, Gaynes BN, Compton SN, Dusetzina SB, Stürmer T.

Med Care. 2018 Jun;56(6):510-519. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000911.


Classifying medical histories in US Medicare beneficiaries using fixed vs all-available look-back approaches.

Conover MM, Stürmer T, Poole C, Glynn RJ, Simpson RJ Jr, Pate V, Jonsson Funk M.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Jul;27(7):771-780. doi: 10.1002/pds.4435. Epub 2018 Apr 14.


Controlling for Frailty in Pharmacoepidemiologic Studies of Older Adults: Validation of an Existing Medicare Claims-based Algorithm.

Cuthbertson CC, Kucharska-Newton A, Faurot KR, Stürmer T, Jonsson Funk M, Palta P, Windham BG, Thai S, Lund JL.

Epidemiology. 2018 Jul;29(4):556-561. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000833.


The Risk of Acute Pancreatitis After Initiation of Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitors: Testing a Hypothesis of Subgroup Differences in Older U.S. Adults.

Hong JL, Buse JB, Jonsson Funk M, Pate V, Stürmer T.

Diabetes Care. 2018 Jun;41(6):1196-1203. doi: 10.2337/dc17-2212. Epub 2018 Apr 4.


Osteoarthritis-patterns, cardio-metabolic risk factors and risk of all-cause mortality: 20 years follow-up in patients after hip or knee replacement.

Büchele G, Günther KP, Brenner H, Puhl W, Stürmer T, Rothenbacher D, Brenner RE.

Sci Rep. 2018 Mar 27;8(1):5253. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-23573-2.


Injection testosterone and adverse cardiovascular events: A case-crossover analysis.

Layton JB, Li D, Meier CR, Sharpless JL, Stürmer T, Brookhart MA.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2018 May;88(5):719-727. doi: 10.1111/cen.13574. Epub 2018 Mar 6.


Position matters: Validation of medicare hospital claims for myocardial infarction against medical record review in the atherosclerosis risk in communities study.

Bush M, Stürmer T, Stearns SC, Simpson RJ Jr, Brookhart MA, Rosamond W, Kucharska-Newton AM.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Oct;27(10):1085-1091. doi: 10.1002/pds.4396. Epub 2018 Feb 6.


Considerations for Pharmacoepidemiological Studies of Drug-Cancer Associations.

Pottegård A, Friis S, Stürmer T, Hallas J, Bahmanyar S.

Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2018 May;122(5):451-459. doi: 10.1111/bcpt.12946. Epub 2018 Jan 15. Review.


Conditioning on future exposure to define study cohorts can induce bias: the case of low-dose acetylsalicylic acid and risk of major bleeding.

Lund JL, Horváth-Puhó E, Komjáthiné Szépligeti S, Sørensen HT, Pedersen L, Ehrenstein V, Stürmer T.

Clin Epidemiol. 2017 Nov 23;9:611-626. doi: 10.2147/CLEP.S147175. eCollection 2017.


Treating Pediatric Anxiety: Initial Use of SSRIs and Other Antianxiety Prescription Medications.

Bushnell GA, Compton SN, Dusetzina SB, Gaynes BN, Brookhart MA, Walkup JT, Rynn MA, Stürmer T.

J Clin Psychiatry. 2018 Jan/Feb;79(1). pii: 16m11415. doi: 10.4088/JCP.16m11415.


Breast Cancer Chemoprevention in an Integrated Health Care Setting.

Nichols HB, Stürmer T, Lee VS, Anderson C, Lee JS, Roh JM, Visvanathan K, Muss H, Kushi LH.

JCO Clin Cancer Inform. 2017 Nov;1:1-12. doi: 10.1200/CCI.16.00059.


Incidence of and Risk Factors for Severe Adverse Events in Elderly Patients Taking Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers after an Acute Myocardial Infarction.

Fang G, Annis IE, Farley JF, Mahendraratnam N, Hickson RP, Stürmer T, Robinson JG.

Pharmacotherapy. 2018 Jan;38(1):29-41. doi: 10.1002/phar.2051. Epub 2017 Dec 11.


Initiation of antihypertensive monotherapy and incident fractures among Medicare beneficiaries.

Hargrove JL, Golightly YM, Pate V, Casteel CH, Loehr LR, Marshall SW, Stürmer T.

Inj Epidemiol. 2017 Oct 18;4(1):27. doi: 10.1186/s40621-017-0125-8.


Generalizing Randomized Clinical Trial Results: Implementation and Challenges Related to Missing Data in the Target Population.

Hong JL, Jonsson Funk M, LoCasale R, Dempster SE, Cole SR, Webster-Clark M, Edwards JK, Stürmer T.

Am J Epidemiol. 2018 Apr 1;187(4):817-827. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx287.


Potential Medication-Related Problems in Older Breast, Colon, and Lung Cancer Patients in the United States.

Lund JL, Sanoff HK, Peacock Hinton S, Muss HB, Pate V, Stürmer T.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2018 Jan;27(1):41-49. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-17-0523. Epub 2017 Oct 4.


Controlling confounding by frailty when estimating influenza vaccine effectiveness using predictors of dependency in activities of daily living.

Zhang HT, McGrath LJ, Wyss R, Ellis AR, Stürmer T.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2017 Dec;26(12):1500-1506. doi: 10.1002/pds.4298. Epub 2017 Aug 24.


Trends in Antibiotic Use by Birth Season and Birth Year.

Kinlaw AC, Stürmer T, Lund JL, Pedersen L, Kappelman MD, Daniels JL, Frøslev T, Mack CD, Sørensen HT.

Pediatrics. 2017 Sep;140(3). pii: e20170441. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-0441. Epub 2017 Aug 14.


Pharmacogenomics study of thiazide diuretics and QT interval in multi-ethnic populations: the cohorts for heart and aging research in genomic epidemiology.

Seyerle AA, Sitlani CM, Noordam R, Gogarten SM, Li J, Li X, Evans DS, Sun F, Laaksonen MA, Isaacs A, Kristiansson K, Highland HM, Stewart JD, Harris TB, Trompet S, Bis JC, Peloso GM, Brody JA, Broer L, Busch EL, Duan Q, Stilp AM, O'Donnell CJ, Macfarlane PW, Floyd JS, Kors JA, Lin HJ, Li-Gao R, Sofer T, Méndez-Giráldez R, Cummings SR, Heckbert SR, Hofman A, Ford I, Li Y, Launer LJ, Porthan K, Newton-Cheh C, Napier MD, Kerr KF, Reiner AP, Rice KM, Roach J, Buckley BM, Soliman EZ, de Mutsert R, Sotoodehnia N, Uitterlinden AG, North KE, Lee CR, Gudnason V, Stürmer T, Rosendaal FR, Taylor KD, Wiggins KL, Wilson JG, Chen YD, Kaplan RC, Wilhelmsen K, Cupples LA, Salomaa V, van Duijn C, Jukema JW, Liu Y, Mook-Kanamori DO, Lange LA, Vasan RS, Smith AV, Stricker BH, Laurie CC, Rotter JI, Whitsel EA, Psaty BM, Avery CL.

Pharmacogenomics J. 2018 Apr;18(2):215-226. doi: 10.1038/tpj.2017.10. Epub 2017 Jul 18.


Comparative safety of pioglitazone versus clinically meaningful treatment alternatives concerning the risk of bladder cancer in older US adults with type 2 diabetes.

Garry EM, Buse JB, Lund JL, Pate V, Stürmer T.

Diabetes Obes Metab. 2018 Jan;20(1):129-140. doi: 10.1111/dom.13049. Epub 2017 Aug 8.


External adjustment of unmeasured confounders in a case-control study of benzodiazepine use and cancer risk.

Thygesen LC, Pottegård A, Ersbøll AK, Friis S, Stürmer T, Hallas J.

Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2017 Nov;83(11):2517-2527. doi: 10.1111/bcp.13342. Epub 2017 Jul 12.


Simultaneous Antidepressant and Benzodiazepine New Use and Subsequent Long-term Benzodiazepine Use in Adults With Depression, United States, 2001-2014.

Bushnell GA, Stürmer T, Gaynes BN, Pate V, Miller M.

JAMA Psychiatry. 2017 Jul 1;74(7):747-755. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.1273.


Antihypertensive Adherence Trajectories Among Older Adults in the First Year After Initiation of Therapy.

Hargrove JL, Pate V, Casteel CH, Golightly YM, Loehr LR, Marshall SW, Stürmer T.

Am J Hypertens. 2017 Oct 1;30(10):1015-1023. doi: 10.1093/ajh/hpx086.


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