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eNeuro. 2017 Mar 1;4(1). pii: ENEURO.0007-17.2017. doi: 10.1523/ENEURO.0007-17.2017. eCollection 2017 Jan-Feb.

Hearing Scenes: A Neuromagnetic Signature of Auditory Source and Reverberant Space Separation.

Author information

1
Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.
2
Amsterdam Brain and Cognition Centre, University of Amsterdam, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
3
McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139.

Abstract

Perceiving the geometry of surrounding space is a multisensory process, crucial to contextualizing object perception and guiding navigation behavior. Humans can make judgments about surrounding spaces from reverberation cues, caused by sounds reflecting off multiple interior surfaces. However, it remains unclear how the brain represents reverberant spaces separately from sound sources. Here, we report separable neural signatures of auditory space and source perception during magnetoencephalography (MEG) recording as subjects listened to brief sounds convolved with monaural room impulse responses (RIRs). The decoding signature of sound sources began at 57 ms after stimulus onset and peaked at 130 ms, while space decoding started at 138 ms and peaked at 386 ms. Importantly, these neuromagnetic responses were readily dissociable in form and time: while sound source decoding exhibited an early and transient response, the neural signature of space was sustained and independent of the original source that produced it. The reverberant space response was robust to variations in sound source, and vice versa, indicating a generalized response not tied to specific source-space combinations. These results provide the first neuromagnetic evidence for robust, dissociable auditory source and reverberant space representations in the human brain and reveal the temporal dynamics of how auditory scene analysis extracts percepts from complex naturalistic auditory signals.

KEYWORDS:

audition; auditory scene analysis; magnetoencephalography; multivariate pattern analysis; reverberation

PMID:
28451630
PMCID:
PMC5394928
DOI:
10.1523/ENEURO.0007-17.2017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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