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Variation in Mycobacterium bovis genetic richness suggests that inwards cattle movements are a more important source of infection in beef herds than in dairy herds.

Milne MG, Graham J, Allen A, McCormick C, Presho E, Skuce R, Byrne AW.

BMC Microbiol. 2019 Jul 5;19(1):154. doi: 10.1186/s12866-019-1530-7.


Characteristics of Northern Irish cattle herds without bovine tuberculosis infection.

Milne G, Graham J, Allen AR, Lahuerta-Marin A, McCormick CM, Presho E, Skuce RA, Byrne A.

Vet Rec. 2019 Jun 22;184(25):772. doi: 10.1136/vr.105225. Epub 2019 Jun 6.


Spatiotemporal analysis of prolonged and recurrent bovine tuberculosis breakdowns in Northern Irish cattle herds reveals a new infection hotspot.

Milne GM, Graham J, Allen A, Lahuerta-Marin A, McCormick C, Presho E, Skuce R, Byrne AW.

Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol. 2019 Feb;28:33-42. doi: 10.1016/j.sste.2018.11.002. Epub 2018 Nov 14.


Can We Breed Cattle for Lower Bovine TB Infectivity?

Tsairidou S, Allen A, Banos G, Coffey M, Anacleto O, Byrne AW, Skuce RA, Glass EJ, Woolliams JA, Doeschl-Wilson AB.

Front Vet Sci. 2018 Dec 7;5:310. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00310. eCollection 2018.


Liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) co-infection with bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in cattle: A retrospective animal-level assessment of bTB risk in dairy and beef cattle.

Byrne AW, McBride S, Graham J, Lahuerta-Marin A, McNair J, Skuce RA, McDowell SW.

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2019 Mar;66(2):785-796. doi: 10.1111/tbed.13083. Epub 2018 Dec 23.


The population and landscape genetics of the European badger (Meles meles) in Ireland.

Guerrero J, Byrne AW, Lavery J, Presho E, Kelly G, Courcier EA, O'Keeffe J, Fogarty U, O'Meara DB, Ensing D, McCormick C, Biek R, Skuce RA, Allen AR.

Ecol Evol. 2018 Sep 12;8(20):10233-10246. doi: 10.1002/ece3.4498. eCollection 2018 Oct.


Bayesian latent class estimation of sensitivity and specificity parameters of diagnostic tests for bovine tuberculosis in chronically infected herds in Northern Ireland.

Lahuerta-Marin A, Milne MG, McNair J, Skuce RA, McBride SH, Menzies FD, McDowell SJW, Byrne AW, Handel IG, de C Bronsvoort BM.

Vet J. 2018 Aug;238:15-21. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2018.04.019. Epub 2018 May 1.


An analysis of effects of heterozygosity in dairy cattle for bovine tuberculosis resistance.

Tsairidou S, Allen AR, Pong-Wong R, McBride SH, Wright DM, Matika O, Pooley CM, McDowell SWJ, Glass EJ, Skuce RA, Bishop SC, Woolliams JA.

Anim Genet. 2018 Apr;49(2):103-109. doi: 10.1111/age.12637. Epub 2018 Jan 24.


Modelling the variation in skin-test tuberculin reactions, post-mortem lesion counts and case pathology in tuberculosis-exposed cattle: Effects of animal characteristics, histories and co-infection.

Byrne AW, Graham J, Brown C, Donaghy A, Guelbenzu-Gonzalo M, McNair J, Skuce RA, Allen A, McDowell SW.

Transbound Emerg Dis. 2018 Jun;65(3):844-858. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12814. Epub 2018 Jan 23.


Bovine tuberculosis visible lesions in cattle culled during herd breakdowns: the effects of individual characteristics, trade movement and co-infection.

Byrne AW, Graham J, Brown C, Donaghy A, Guelbenzu-Gonzalo M, McNair J, Skuce R, Allen A, McDowell S.

BMC Vet Res. 2017 Dec 29;13(1):400. doi: 10.1186/s12917-017-1321-z.


Monitoring Mycobacterium bovis in Eurasian badgers (Meles meles) killed by vehicles in Northern Ireland between 1998 and 2011.

Courcier EA, Menzies FD, Strain SAJ, Skuce RA, Robinson PA, Patterson IAP, McBride KR, McCormick CM, Walton E, McDowell SWJ, Abernethy DA.

Vet Rec. 2018 Mar 3;182(9):259. doi: 10.1136/vr.103934. Epub 2017 Dec 22. No abstract available.


Variation in the Early Host-Pathogen Interaction of Bovine Macrophages with Divergent Mycobacterium bovis Strains in the United Kingdom.

Jensen K, Gallagher IJ, Johnston N, Welsh M, Skuce R, Williams JL, Glass EJ.

Infect Immun. 2018 Feb 20;86(3). pii: e00385-17. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00385-17. Print 2018 Mar.


Relative abundance of Mycobacterium bovis molecular types in cattle: a simulation study of potential epidemiological drivers.

Trewby H, Wright DM, Skuce RA, McCormick C, Mallon TR, Presho EL, Kao RR, Haydon DT, Biek R.

BMC Vet Res. 2017 Aug 22;13(1):268. doi: 10.1186/s12917-017-1190-5.


Fine-mapping host genetic variation underlying outcomes to Mycobacterium bovis infection in dairy cows.

Wilkinson S, Bishop SC, Allen AR, McBride SH, Skuce RA, Bermingham M, Woolliams JA, Glass EJ.

BMC Genomics. 2017 Jun 24;18(1):477. doi: 10.1186/s12864-017-3836-x.


Risk factors for failure to detect bovine tuberculosis in cattle from infected herds across Northern Ireland (2004-2010).

Lahuerta-Marin A, McNair J, Skuce R, McBride S, Allen M, Strain SAJ, Menzies FD, McDowell SJW, Byrne AW.

Res Vet Sci. 2016 Aug;107:233-239. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2016.06.014. Epub 2016 Jun 19.


Liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) infection in cattle in Northern Ireland: a large-scale epidemiological investigation utilising surveillance data.

Byrne AW, McBride S, Lahuerta-Marin A, Guelbenzu M, McNair J, Skuce RA, McDowell SW.

Parasit Vectors. 2016 Apr 14;9:209. doi: 10.1186/s13071-016-1489-2.


Use of bacterial whole-genome sequencing to investigate local persistence and spread in bovine tuberculosis.

Trewby H, Wright D, Breadon EL, Lycett SJ, Mallon TR, McCormick C, Johnson P, Orton RJ, Allen AR, Galbraith J, Herzyk P, Skuce RA, Biek R, Kao RR.

Epidemics. 2016 Mar;14:26-35. doi: 10.1016/j.epidem.2015.08.003. Epub 2015 Oct 19.


Should they stay, or should they go? Relative future risk of bovine tuberculosis for interferon-gamma test-positive cattle left on farms.

Lahuerta-Marin A, Gallagher M, McBride S, Skuce R, Menzies F, McNair J, McDowell SW, Byrne AW.

Vet Res. 2015 Sep 4;46:90. doi: 10.1186/s13567-015-0242-8.


Molecular Epidemiology of Brucella abortus in Northern Ireland-1991 to 2012.

Allen A, Breadon E, Byrne A, Mallon T, Skuce R, Groussaud P, Dainty A, Graham J, Jones K, Pollock L, Whatmore A.

PLoS One. 2015 Sep 1;10(9):e0136721. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0136721. eCollection 2015.


Herd-level bovine tuberculosis risk factors: assessing the role of low-level badger population disturbance.

Wright DM, Reid N, Ian Montgomery W, Allen AR, Skuce RA, Kao RR.

Sci Rep. 2015 Aug 17;5:13062. doi: 10.1038/srep13062.


Hui and Walter's latent-class model extended to estimate diagnostic test properties from surveillance data: a latent model for latent data.

Bermingham ML, Handel IG, Glass EJ, Woolliams JA, de Clare Bronsvoort BM, McBride SH, Skuce RA, Allen AR, McDowell SW, Bishop SC.

Sci Rep. 2015 Jul 7;5:11861. doi: 10.1038/srep11861.


Genomic prediction for tuberculosis resistance in dairy cattle.

Tsairidou S, Woolliams JA, Allen AR, Skuce RA, McBride SH, Wright DM, Bermingham ML, Pong-Wong R, Matika O, McDowell SW, Glass EJ, Bishop SC.

PLoS One. 2014 May 8;9(5):e96728. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096728. eCollection 2014.


Genome-wide association study identifies novel loci associated with resistance to bovine tuberculosis.

Bermingham ML, Bishop SC, Woolliams JA, Pong-Wong R, Allen AR, McBride SH, Ryder JJ, Wright DM, Skuce RA, McDowell SW, Glass EJ.

Heredity (Edinb). 2014 May;112(5):543-51. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2013.137. Epub 2014 Feb 5.


Field-isolated genotypes of Mycobacterium bovis vary in virulence and influence case pathology but do not affect outbreak size.

Wright DM, Allen AR, Mallon TR, McDowell SW, Bishop SC, Glass EJ, Bermingham ML, Woolliams JA, Skuce RA.

PLoS One. 2013 Sep 23;8(9):e74503. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074503. eCollection 2013.


The phylogeny and population structure of Mycobacterium bovis in the British Isles.

Allen AR, Dale J, McCormick C, Mallon TR, Costello E, Gordon SV, Hewinson RG, Skuce RA, Smith NH.

Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Dec;20:8-15. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.08.003. Epub 2013 Aug 9.


Detectability of bovine TB using the tuberculin skin test does not vary significantly according to pathogen genotype within Northern Ireland.

Wright DM, Allen AR, Mallon TR, McDowell SW, Bishop SC, Glass EJ, Bermingham ML, Woolliams JA, Skuce RA.

Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Oct;19:15-22. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2013.05.011. Epub 2013 May 25.


Whole genome sequencing reveals local transmission patterns of Mycobacterium bovis in sympatric cattle and badger populations.

Biek R, O'Hare A, Wright D, Mallon T, McCormick C, Orton RJ, McDowell S, Trewby H, Skuce RA, Kao RR.

PLoS Pathog. 2012;8(11):e1003008. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003008. Epub 2012 Nov 29.


Herd-level risk factors for bovine tuberculosis: a literature review.

Skuce RA, Allen AR, McDowell SW.

Vet Med Int. 2012;2012:621210. doi: 10.1155/2012/621210. Epub 2012 Jun 28.


European 1: a globally important clonal complex of Mycobacterium bovis.

Smith NH, Berg S, Dale J, Allen A, Rodriguez S, Romero B, Matos F, Ghebremichael S, Karoui C, Donati C, Machado Ada C, Mucavele C, Kazwala RR, Hilty M, Cadmus S, Ngandolo BN, Habtamu M, Oloya J, Muller A, Milian-Suazo F, Andrievskaia O, Projahn M, Barandiarán S, Macías A, Müller B, Zanini MS, Ikuta CY, Rodriguez CA, Pinheiro SR, Figueroa A, Cho SN, Mosavari N, Chuang PC, Jou R, Zinsstag J, van Soolingen D, Costello E, Aseffa A, Proaño-Perez F, Portaels F, Rigouts L, Cataldi AA, Collins DM, Boschiroli ML, Hewinson RG, Ferreira Neto JS, Surujballi O, Tadyon K, Botelho A, Zárraga AM, Buller N, Skuce R, Michel A, Aranaz A, Gordon SV, Jeon BY, Källenius G, Niemann S, Boniotti MB, van Helden PD, Harris B, Zumárraga MJ, Kremer K.

Infect Genet Evol. 2011 Aug;11(6):1340-51. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2011.04.027. Epub 2011 May 6.


Mycobacterium bovis genotypes in Northern Ireland: herd-level surveillance (2003 to 2008).

Skuce RA, Mallon TR, McCormick CM, McBride SH, Clarke G, Thompson A, Couzens C, Gordon AW, McDowell SW.

Vet Rec. 2010 Oct 30;167(18):684-9. doi: 10.1136/vr.c5108.


Bovine tuberculosis: the genetic basis of host susceptibility.

Allen AR, Minozzi G, Glass EJ, Skuce RA, McDowell SW, Woolliams JA, Bishop SC.

Proc Biol Sci. 2010 Sep 22;277(1695):2737-45. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0830. Epub 2010 Jun 2. Review.


Compilation of a panel of informative single nucleotide polymorphisms for bovine identification in the Northern Irish cattle population.

Allen AR, Taylor M, McKeown B, Curry AI, Lavery JF, Mitchell A, Hartshorne D, Fries R, Skuce RA.

BMC Genet. 2010 Jan 25;11:5. doi: 10.1186/1471-2156-11-5.


Bovine tuberculosis in an Eurasian otter.

Lee J, Hanna R, Hill R, McCormick CM, Skuce RA.

Vet Rec. 2009 Jun 6;164(23):727-8. No abstract available.


Experimental exposure of cattle to a precise aerosolised challenge of Mycobacterium bovis: a novel model to study bovine tuberculosis.

Rodgers JD, Connery NL, McNair J, Welsh MD, Skuce RA, Bryson DG, McMurray DN, Pollock JM.

Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2007 Sep;87(5):405-14. Epub 2007 Jun 29.


Proposal for standardization of optimized mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit-variable-number tandem repeat typing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Supply P, Allix C, Lesjean S, Cardoso-Oelemann M, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Willery E, Savine E, de Haas P, van Deutekom H, Roring S, Bifani P, Kurepina N, Kreiswirth B, Sola C, Rastogi N, Vatin V, Gutierrez MC, Fauville M, Niemann S, Skuce R, Kremer K, Locht C, van Soolingen D.

J Clin Microbiol. 2006 Dec;44(12):4498-510. Epub 2006 Sep 27.


Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex genetic diversity: mining the fourth international spoligotyping database (SpolDB4) for classification, population genetics and epidemiology.

Brudey K, Driscoll JR, Rigouts L, Prodinger WM, Gori A, Al-Hajoj SA, Allix C, Aristimuño L, Arora J, Baumanis V, Binder L, Cafrune P, Cataldi A, Cheong S, Diel R, Ellermeier C, Evans JT, Fauville-Dufaux M, Ferdinand S, Garcia de Viedma D, Garzelli C, Gazzola L, Gomes HM, Guttierez MC, Hawkey PM, van Helden PD, Kadival GV, Kreiswirth BN, Kremer K, Kubin M, Kulkarni SP, Liens B, Lillebaek T, Ho ML, Martin C, Martin C, Mokrousov I, Narvskaïa O, Ngeow YF, Naumann L, Niemann S, Parwati I, Rahim Z, Rasolofo-Razanamparany V, Rasolonavalona T, Rossetti ML, Rüsch-Gerdes S, Sajduda A, Samper S, Shemyakin IG, Singh UB, Somoskovi A, Skuce RA, van Soolingen D, Streicher EM, Suffys PN, Tortoli E, Tracevska T, Vincent V, Victor TC, Warren RM, Yap SF, Zaman K, Portaels F, Rastogi N, Sola C.

BMC Microbiol. 2006 Mar 6;6:23.


Discriminatory power and reproducibility of novel DNA typing methods for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains.

Kremer K, Arnold C, Cataldi A, Gutiérrez MC, Haas WH, Panaiotov S, Skuce RA, Supply P, van der Zanden AG, van Soolingen D.

J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Nov;43(11):5628-38.


Discrimination of isolates of Mycobacterium bovis in Northern Ireland on the basis of variable numbers of tandem repeats (VNTRs).

Skuce RA, McDowell SW, Mallon TR, Luke B, Breadon EL, Lagan PL, McCormick CM, McBride SH, Pollock JM.

Vet Rec. 2005 Oct 22;157(17):501-4.


Molecular analyses of mycobacteria other than the M. tuberculosis complex isolated from Northern Ireland cattle.

Hughes MS, Ball NW, McCarroll J, Erskine M, Taylor MJ, Pollock JM, Skuce RA, Neill SD.

Vet Microbiol. 2005 Jun 15;108(1-2):101-12. Epub 2005 Apr 13.


Tuberculosis--new light from an old window.

Neill SD, Skuce RA, Pollock JM.

J Appl Microbiol. 2005;98(6):1261-9. Review. No abstract available.


Influence of pathological progression on the balance between cellular and humoral immune responses in bovine tuberculosis.

Welsh MD, Cunningham RT, Corbett DM, Girvin RM, McNair J, Skuce RA, Bryson DG, Pollock JM.

Immunology. 2005 Jan;114(1):101-11.


Evaluation of variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) loci in molecular typing of Mycobacterium bovis isolates from Ireland.

Roring S, Scott AN, Glyn Hewinson R, Neill SD, Skuce RA.

Vet Microbiol. 2004 Jun 10;101(1):65-73.


A multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay for genus-, group- and species-specific detection of mycobacteria.

Kurabachew M, Enger Ø, Sandaa RA, Skuce R, Bjorvatn B.

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2004 Jun;49(2):99-104.


Investigations into an outbreak of tuberculosis in a flock of sheep in contact with tuberculous cattle.

Malone FE, Wilson EC, Pollock JM, Skuce RA.

J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2003 Dec;50(10):500-4.


Analysis of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium bovis from three clinical samples from Scotland.

Hughes VM, Skuce R, Doig C, Stevenson K, Sharp JM, Watt B.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2003 Dec;7(12):1191-8.


Detection of pathogenic mycobacteria of veterinary importance.

Skuce RA, Hughes MS, Taylor MJ, Neill SD.

Methods Mol Biol. 2003;216:201-21. No abstract available.


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