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Stomatal optimisation based on xylem hydraulics (SOX) improves land surface model simulation of vegetation responses to climate.

Eller CB, Rowland L, Mencuccini M, Rosas T, Williams K, Harper A, Medlyn BE, Wagner Y, Klein T, Teodoro GS, Oliveira RS, Matos IS, Rosado BH, Fuchs K, Wohlfahrt G, Montagnani L, Meir P, Sitch S, Cox PM.

New Phytol. 2020 Jan 8. doi: 10.1111/nph.16419. [Epub ahead of print]


State of the science in reconciling top-down and bottom-up approaches for terrestrial CO2 budget.

Kondo M, Patra PK, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Poulter B, Chevallier F, Ciais P, Canadell JG, Bastos A, Lauerwald R, Calle L, Ichii K, Anthoni P, Arneth A, Haverd V, Jain AK, Kato E, Kautz M, Law RM, Lienert S, Lombardozzi D, Maki T, Nakamura T, Peylin P, Rödenbeck C, Zhuravlev R, Saeki T, Tian H, Zhu D, Ziehn T.

Glob Chang Biol. 2019 Dec 12. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14917. [Epub ahead of print]


Interannual variation of terrestrial carbon cycle: Issues and perspectives.

Piao S, Wang X, Wang K, Li X, Bastos A, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S.

Glob Chang Biol. 2020 Jan;26(1):300-318. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14884. Epub 2019 Nov 29.


Increased atmospheric vapor pressure deficit reduces global vegetation growth.

Yuan W, Zheng Y, Piao S, Ciais P, Lombardozzi D, Wang Y, Ryu Y, Chen G, Dong W, Hu Z, Jain AK, Jiang C, Kato E, Li S, Lienert S, Liu S, Nabel JEMS, Qin Z, Quine T, Sitch S, Smith WK, Wang F, Wu C, Xiao Z, Yang S.

Sci Adv. 2019 Aug 14;5(8):eaax1396. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aax1396. eCollection 2019 Aug.


Growing season extension affects ozone uptake by European forests.

Anav A, De Marco A, Friedlingstein P, Savi F, Sicard P, Sitch S, Vitale M, Paoletti E.

Sci Total Environ. 2019 Jun 15;669:1043-1052. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.020. Epub 2019 Mar 14.


Modelling tropical forest responses to drought and El Niño with a stomatal optimization model based on xylem hydraulics.

Eller CB, Rowland L, Oliveira RS, Bittencourt PRL, Barros FV, da Costa ACL, Meir P, Friend AD, Mencuccini M, Sitch S, Cox P.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2018 Oct 8;373(1760). pii: 20170315. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2017.0315. Review.


Impact of the 2015/2016 El Niño on the terrestrial carbon cycle constrained by bottom-up and top-down approaches.

Bastos A, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Chen C, Mialon A, Wigneron JP, Arora VK, Briggs PR, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Chevallier F, Cheng L, Delire C, Haverd V, Jain AK, Joos F, Kato E, Lienert S, Lombardozzi D, Melton JR, Myneni R, Nabel JEMS, Pongratz J, Poulter B, Rödenbeck C, Séférian R, Tian H, van Eck C, Viovy N, Vuichard N, Walker AP, Wiltshire A, Yang J, Zaehle S, Zeng N, Zhu D.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2018 Oct 8;373(1760). pii: 20170304. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2017.0304.


Widespread seasonal compensation effects of spring warming on northern plant productivity.

Buermann W, Forkel M, O'Sullivan M, Sitch S, Friedlingstein P, Haverd V, Jain AK, Kato E, Kautz M, Lienert S, Lombardozzi D, Nabel JEMS, Tian H, Wiltshire AJ, Zhu D, Smith WK, Richardson AD.

Nature. 2018 Oct;562(7725):110-114. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0555-7. Epub 2018 Oct 3.


Sensitivity of atmospheric CO2 growth rate to observed changes in terrestrial water storage.

Humphrey V, Zscheischler J, Ciais P, Gudmundsson L, Sitch S, Seneviratne SI.

Nature. 2018 Aug;560(7720):628-631. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018-0424-4. Epub 2018 Aug 29.


Land-use emissions play a critical role in land-based mitigation for Paris climate targets.

Harper AB, Powell T, Cox PM, House J, Huntingford C, Lenton TM, Sitch S, Burke E, Chadburn SE, Collins WJ, Comyn-Platt E, Daioglou V, Doelman JC, Hayman G, Robertson E, van Vuuren D, Wiltshire A, Webber CP, Bastos A, Boysen L, Ciais P, Devaraju N, Jain AK, Krause A, Poulter B, Shu S.

Nat Commun. 2018 Aug 7;9(1):2938. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05340-z.


Evaluating the Interplay Between Biophysical Processes and Leaf Area Changes in Land Surface Models.

Forzieri G, Duveiller G, Georgievski G, Li W, Robertson E, Kautz M, Lawrence P, Garcia San Martin L, Anthoni P, Ciais P, Pongratz J, Sitch S, Wiltshire A, Arneth A, Cescatti A.

J Adv Model Earth Syst. 2018 May;10(5):1102-1126. doi: 10.1002/2018MS001284. Epub 2018 May 6.


Large sensitivity in land carbon storage due to geographical and temporal variation in the thermal response of photosynthetic capacity.

Mercado LM, Medlyn BE, Huntingford C, Oliver RJ, Clark DB, Sitch S, Zelazowski P, Kattge J, Harper AB, Cox PM.

New Phytol. 2018 Jun;218(4):1462-1477. doi: 10.1111/nph.15100. Epub 2018 Apr 10.


Large uncertainty in carbon uptake potential of land-based climate-change mitigation efforts.

Krause A, Pugh TAM, Bayer AD, Li W, Leung F, Bondeau A, Doelman JC, Humpenöder F, Anthoni P, Bodirsky BL, Ciais P, Müller C, Murray-Tortarolo G, Olin S, Popp A, Sitch S, Stehfest E, Arneth A.

Glob Chang Biol. 2018 Jul;24(7):3025-3038. doi: 10.1111/gcb.14144. Epub 2018 Apr 16.


Land use change and El Niño-Southern Oscillation drive decadal carbon balance shifts in Southeast Asia.

Kondo M, Ichii K, Patra PK, Canadell JG, Poulter B, Sitch S, Calle L, Liu YY, van Dijk AIJM, Saeki T, Saigusa N, Friedlingstein P, Arneth A, Harper A, Jain AK, Kato E, Koven C, Li F, Pugh TAM, Zaehle S, Wiltshire A, Chevallier F, Maki T, Nakamura T, Niwa Y, Rödenbeck C.

Nat Commun. 2018 Mar 20;9(1):1154. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-03374-x.


The decreasing range between dry- and wet- season precipitation over land and its effect on vegetation primary productivity.

Murray-Tortarolo G, Jaramillo VJ, Maass M, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S.

PLoS One. 2017 Dec 28;12(12):e0190304. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190304. eCollection 2017.


Implications of improved representations of plant respiration in a changing climate.

Huntingford C, Atkin OK, Martinez-de la Torre A, Mercado LM, Heskel MA, Harper AB, Bloomfield KJ, O'Sullivan OS, Reich PB, Wythers KR, Butler EE, Chen M, Griffin KL, Meir P, Tjoelker MG, Turnbull MH, Sitch S, Wiltshire A, Malhi Y.

Nat Commun. 2017 Nov 17;8(1):1602. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-01774-z.


On the causes of trends in the seasonal amplitude of atmospheric CO2.

Piao S, Liu Z, Wang Y, Ciais P, Yao Y, Peng S, Chevallier F, Friedlingstein P, Janssens IA, Peñuelas J, Sitch S, Wang T.

Glob Chang Biol. 2018 Feb;24(2):608-616. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13909. Epub 2017 Oct 12.


Compensatory water effects link yearly global land CO2 sink changes to temperature.

Jung M, Reichstein M, Schwalm CR, Huntingford C, Sitch S, Ahlström A, Arneth A, Camps-Valls G, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Gans F, Ichii K, Jain AK, Kato E, Papale D, Poulter B, Raduly B, Rödenbeck C, Tramontana G, Viovy N, Wang YP, Weber U, Zaehle S, Zeng N.

Nature. 2017 Jan 26;541(7638):516-520. doi: 10.1038/nature20780. Epub 2017 Jan 16.


Current ambient concentrations of ozone in Panama modulate the leaf chemistry of the tropical tree Ficus insipida.

Schneider GF, Cheesman AW, Winter K, Turner BL, Sitch S, Kursar TA.

Chemosphere. 2017 Apr;172:363-372. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.12.109. Epub 2016 Dec 27.


Precipitation and carbon-water coupling jointly control the interannual variability of global land gross primary production.

Zhang Y, Xiao X, Guanter L, Zhou S, Ciais P, Joiner J, Sitch S, Wu X, Nabel J, Dong J, Kato E, Jain AK, Wiltshire A, Stocker BD.

Sci Rep. 2016 Dec 23;6:39748. doi: 10.1038/srep39748.


A roadmap for improving the representation of photosynthesis in Earth system models.

Rogers A, Medlyn BE, Dukes JS, Bonan G, von Caemmerer S, Dietze MC, Kattge J, Leakey AD, Mercado LM, Niinemets Ü, Prentice IC, Serbin SP, Sitch S, Way DA, Zaehle S.

New Phytol. 2017 Jan;213(1):22-42. doi: 10.1111/nph.14283.


The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere.

Tian H, Lu C, Ciais P, Michalak AM, Canadell JG, Saikawa E, Huntzinger DN, Gurney KR, Sitch S, Zhang B, Yang J, Bousquet P, Bruhwiler L, Chen G, Dlugokencky E, Friedlingstein P, Melillo J, Pan S, Poulter B, Prinn R, Saunois M, Schwalm CR, Wofsy SC.

Nature. 2016 Mar 10;531(7593):225-8. doi: 10.1038/nature16946.


Conversion from forests to pastures in the Colombian Amazon leads to contrasting soil carbon dynamics depending on land management practices.

Navarrete D, Sitch S, Aragão LE, Pedroni L.

Glob Chang Biol. 2016 Oct;22(10):3503-17. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13266. Epub 2016 Apr 4.


Conversion from forests to pastures in the Colombian Amazon leads to differences in dead wood dynamics depending on land management practices.

Navarrete D, Sitch S, Aragão LE, Pedroni L, Duque A.

J Environ Manage. 2016 Apr 15;171:42-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.01.037. Epub 2016 Feb 11.


Comparing concentration-based (AOT40) and stomatal uptake (PODY) metrics for ozone risk assessment to European forests.

Anav A, De Marco A, Proietti C, Alessandri A, Dell'Aquila A, Cionni I, Friedlingstein P, Khvorostyanov D, Menut L, Paoletti E, Sicard P, Sitch S, Vitale M.

Glob Chang Biol. 2016 Apr;22(4):1608-27. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13138. Epub 2016 Jan 6.


Carbon cycle. The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the land CO₂ sink.

Ahlström A, Raupach MR, Schurgers G, Smith B, Arneth A, Jung M, Reichstein M, Canadell JG, Friedlingstein P, Jain AK, Kato E, Poulter B, Sitch S, Stocker BD, Viovy N, Wang YP, Wiltshire A, Zaehle S, Zeng N.

Science. 2015 May 22;348(6237):895-9. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa1668. Epub 2015 May 21.


Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits.

Atkin OK, Bloomfield KJ, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Asner GP, Bonal D, Bönisch G, Bradford MG, Cernusak LA, Cosio EG, Creek D, Crous KY, Domingues TF, Dukes JS, Egerton JJ, Evans JR, Farquhar GD, Fyllas NM, Gauthier PP, Gloor E, Gimeno TE, Griffin KL, Guerrieri R, Heskel MA, Huntingford C, Ishida FY, Kattge J, Lambers H, Liddell MJ, Lloyd J, Lusk CH, Martin RE, Maksimov AP, Maximov TC, Malhi Y, Medlyn BE, Meir P, Mercado LM, Mirotchnick N, Ng D, Niinemets Ü, O'Sullivan OS, Phillips OL, Poorter L, Poot P, Prentice IC, Salinas N, Rowland LM, Ryan MG, Sitch S, Slot M, Smith NG, Turnbull MH, VanderWel MC, Valladares F, Veneklaas EJ, Weerasinghe LK, Wirth C, Wright IJ, Wythers KR, Xiang J, Xiang S, Zaragoza-Castells J.

New Phytol. 2015 Apr;206(2):614-36. doi: 10.1111/nph.13253. Epub 2015 Jan 8. Erratum in: New Phytol. 2016 Aug;211(3):1142.


Evidence for a weakening relationship between interannual temperature variability and northern vegetation activity.

Piao S, Nan H, Huntingford C, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Sitch S, Peng S, Ahlström A, Canadell JG, Cong N, Levis S, Levy PE, Liu L, Lomas MR, Mao J, Myneni RB, Peylin P, Poulter B, Shi X, Yin G, Viovy N, Wang T, Wang X, Zaehle S, Zeng N, Zeng Z, Chen A.

Nat Commun. 2014 Oct 16;5:5018. doi: 10.1038/ncomms6018.


Contribution of semi-arid ecosystems to interannual variability of the global carbon cycle.

Poulter B, Frank D, Ciais P, Myneni RB, Andela N, Bi J, Broquet G, Canadell JG, Chevallier F, Liu YY, Running SW, Sitch S, van der Werf GR.

Nature. 2014 May 29;509(7502):600-3. doi: 10.1038/nature13376. Epub 2014 May 21.


Variations in atmospheric CO2 growth rates coupled with tropical temperature.

Wang W, Ciais P, Nemani RR, Canadell JG, Piao S, Sitch S, White MA, Hashimoto H, Milesi C, Myneni RB.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Aug 6;110(32):13061-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1219683110. Epub 2013 Jul 24. Erratum in: Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Sep 10;110(37):15163.


African tropical rainforest net carbon dioxide fluxes in the twentieth century.

Fisher JB, Sikka M, Sitch S, Ciais P, Poulter B, Galbraith D, Lee JE, Huntingford C, Viovy N, Zeng N, Ahlström A, Lomas MR, Levy PE, Frankenberg C, Saatchi S, Malhi Y.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2013 Jul 22;368(1625):20120376. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0376. Print 2013.


Evaluation of terrestrial carbon cycle models for their response to climate variability and to CO2 trends.

Piao S, Sitch S, Ciais P, Friedlingstein P, Peylin P, Wang X, Ahlström A, Anav A, Canadell JG, Cong N, Huntingford C, Jung M, Levis S, Levy PE, Li J, Lin X, Lomas MR, Lu M, Luo Y, Ma Y, Myneni RB, Poulter B, Sun Z, Wang T, Viovy N, Zaehle S, Zeng N.

Glob Chang Biol. 2013 Jul;19(7):2117-32. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12187. Epub 2013 Apr 3.


Uncertainty analysis of vegetation distribution in the northern high latitudes during the 21st century with a dynamic vegetation model.

Jiang Y, Zhuang Q, Schaphoff S, Sitch S, Sokolov A, Kicklighter D, Melillo J.

Ecol Evol. 2012 Mar;2(3):593-614. doi: 10.1002/ece3.85.


The effects of tropospheric ozone on net primary productivity and implications for climate change.

Ainsworth EA, Yendrek CR, Sitch S, Collins WJ, Emberson LD.

Annu Rev Plant Biol. 2012;63:637-61. doi: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042110-103829. Epub 2012 Feb 9. Review.


Variations in Amazon forest productivity correlated with foliar nutrients and modelled rates of photosynthetic carbon supply.

Mercado LM, Patiño S, Domingues TF, Fyllas NM, Weedon GP, Sitch S, Quesada CA, Phillips OL, Aragão LE, Malhi Y, Dolman AJ, Restrepo-Coupe N, Saleska SR, Baker TR, Almeida S, Higuchi N, Lloyd J.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2011 Nov 27;366(1582):3316-29. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0045.


A large and persistent carbon sink in the world's forests.

Pan Y, Birdsey RA, Fang J, Houghton R, Kauppi PE, Kurz WA, Phillips OL, Shvidenko A, Lewis SL, Canadell JG, Ciais P, Jackson RB, Pacala SW, McGuire AD, Piao S, Rautiainen A, Sitch S, Hayes D.

Science. 2011 Aug 19;333(6045):988-93. doi: 10.1126/science.1201609. Epub 2011 Jul 14.


Highly contrasting effects of different climate forcing agents on terrestrial ecosystem services.

Huntingford C, Cox PM, Mercado LM, Sitch S, Bellouin N, Boucher O, Gedney N.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2011 May 28;369(1943):2026-37. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0314.


Changes in the potential distribution of humid tropical forests on a warmer planet.

Zelazowski P, Malhi Y, Huntingford C, Sitch S, Fisher JB.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2011 Jan 13;369(1934):137-60. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0238.


Multiple mechanisms of Amazonian forest biomass losses in three dynamic global vegetation models under climate change.

Galbraith D, Levy PE, Sitch S, Huntingford C, Cox P, Williams M, Meir P.

New Phytol. 2010 Aug;187(3):647-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03350.x.


Assessing uncertainties in a second-generation dynamic vegetation model caused by ecological scale limitations.

Fisher R, McDowell N, Purves D, Moorcroft P, Sitch S, Cox P, Huntingford C, Meir P, Woodward FI.

New Phytol. 2010 Aug;187(3):666-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03340.x. Epub 2010 Jul 2.


Impact of changes in diffuse radiation on the global land carbon sink.

Mercado LM, Bellouin N, Sitch S, Boucher O, Huntingford C, Wild M, Cox PM.

Nature. 2009 Apr 23;458(7241):1014-7. doi: 10.1038/nature07949.


The carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in China.

Piao S, Fang J, Ciais P, Peylin P, Huang Y, Sitch S, Wang T.

Nature. 2009 Apr 23;458(7241):1009-13. doi: 10.1038/nature07944.


Exploring the likelihood and mechanism of a climate-change-induced dieback of the Amazon rainforest.

Malhi Y, Aragão LE, Galbraith D, Huntingford C, Fisher R, Zelazowski P, Sitch S, McSweeney C, Meir P.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Dec 8;106(49):20610-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0804619106. Epub 2009 Feb 13.


Towards quantifying uncertainty in predictions of Amazon 'dieback'.

Huntingford C, Fisher RA, Mercado L, Booth BB, Sitch S, Harris PP, Cox PM, Jones CD, Betts RA, Malhi Y, Harris GR, Collins M, Moorcroft P.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2008 May 27;363(1498):1857-64. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2007.0028.


The Met Office Hadley Centre climate modelling capability: the competing requirements for improved resolution, complexity and dealing with uncertainty.

Pope V, Brown S, Clark R, Collins M, Collins W, Dearden C, Gunson J, Harris G, Jones C, Keen A, Lowe J, Ringer M, Senior C, Sitch S, Webb M, Woodward S.

Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci. 2007 Nov 15;365(1860):2635-57.


Indirect radiative forcing of climate change through ozone effects on the land-carbon sink.

Sitch S, Cox PM, Collins WJ, Huntingford C.

Nature. 2007 Aug 16;448(7155):791-4. Epub 2007 Jul 25.


Assessing the carbon balance of circumpolar Arctic tundra using remote sensing and process modeling.

Sitch S, McGuire AD, Kimball J, Gedney N, Gamon J, Engstrom R, Wolf A, Zhuang Q, Clein J, McDonald KC.

Ecol Appl. 2007 Jan;17(1):213-34.


The importance of age-related decline in forest NPP for modeling regional carbon balances.

Zaehle S, Sitch S, Prentice IC, Liski J, Cramer W, Erhard M, Hickler T, Smith B.

Ecol Appl. 2006 Aug;16(4):1555-74.


Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe.

Schröter D, Cramer W, Leemans R, Prentice IC, Araújo MB, Arnell NW, Bondeau A, Bugmann H, Carter TR, Gracia CA, de la Vega-Leinert AC, Erhard M, Ewert F, Glendining M, House JI, Kankaanpää S, Klein RJ, Lavorel S, Lindner M, Metzger MJ, Meyer J, Mitchell TD, Reginster I, Rounsevell M, Sabaté S, Sitch S, Smith B, Smith J, Smith P, Sykes MT, Thonicke K, Thuiller W, Tuck G, Zaehle S, Zierl B.

Science. 2005 Nov 25;310(5752):1333-7. Epub 2005 Oct 27.


Synthesis of effects in four Arctic subregions.

Callaghan TV, Björn LO, Chernov Y, Chapin T, Christensen TR, Huntley B, Ims RA, Johansson M, Jolly D, Jonasson S, Matveyeva N, Panikov N, Oechel W, Shaver G, Schaphoff S, Sitch S, Zöckler C.

Ambio. 2004 Nov;33(7):469-73. Review.


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