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Drug Metab Dispos. 2012 Feb;40(2):360-73. doi: 10.1124/dmd.111.042531. Epub 2011 Nov 14.

Effects of PEGylation and immune complex formation on the pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of recombinant interleukin 10 in mice.

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Biologics Discovery DMPK and Bioanalytics Department, Merck Research Laboratories, Merck Sharp and Dohme Corp., Palo Alto, California, USA.


Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is a potent cytokine homodimer with multiple immunoregulatory functions. Here, we have characterized the effects of PEGylation and formation of human IL-10 (hIL-10)/humanized anti-human IL-10 (hαhIL-10) immune complexes in the pharmacokinetics, biodistribution, and biotransformation of IL-10 in mice. To assess the fate of native, PEGylated, and antibody-bound IL-10; we implemented an analytical set of fluorescence emission-linked assays. Plasma size exclusion chromatography analysis indicated that fluoro-labeled native and PEGylated murine IL-10 (PEG-mIL-10) are stable in the circulation. PEGylation of IL-10 resulted in a 21-fold increased exposure, 2.7-fold increase in half-life, and 20-fold reduction in clearance. Kidney is the major organ of disposition for both native and PEGylated mIL-10 with renal uptake directly related to systemic clearance. The fluorescence signal in the kidneys reached tissue/blood ratios up to 150 and 20 for native and PEG-mIL-10, respectively. hIL-10/hαhIL-10 immune complexes are detectable in the circulation without evidence of unbound or degraded hIL-10. The exposure of hIL-10 present in immune complexes versus that of hIL-10 alone increased from 0.53 to 11.28 μg · day/ml, with a half-life of 1.16 days and a 23-fold reduction in clearance. Unlike hIL-10 alone, antibody-bound hIL-10 was targeted mainly to the liver with minimal renal distribution. In addition, we found an 11-fold reduction (from 9.9 to 113 nM) in binding to the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) when the hαhIL10 antibody is conjugated to hIL-10. The potential changes in FcRn binding in vivo and increased liver uptake may explain the unique pharmacokinetic properties of hIL-10/hαhIL-10 immune complexes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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