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Adv Biomed Res. 2018 Apr 24;7:63. doi: 10.4103/abr.abr_62_17. eCollection 2018.

Outcomes of Unilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients Aged Under 35 Years in Iranian Population: A Preliminary Study.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2
Students Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

Background:

The purpose of this study is to report outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients under the age of 35 years regarding pain and joint function.

Materials and Methods:

This preliminary analytic-descriptive study was performed in prospective consecutive series of forty-three patients younger than 35 years old who had undergone unilateral THA during a 36-month period. As the primary outcome, the severity of pain using visual analog scale (VAS) of 1-10, and as the secondary outcomes, joint range of motion (ROM) and the Harris Hip Score (HHS) were assessed in the preoperative visit, 1, 6, and 18 months after operation for each patient. Complications were recorded at 6 months and 18 months after surgery.

Results:

The data of VAS showed the mean severity of pain was significant between preoperation measurements and postoperative assessments (P < 0.001). The means of HHS and hip ROM were also statistically significant before the operation in comparison with postoperative assessments (P < 0.001 for both means). A total of 19 patients had postoperative complications including periprosthetic fracture in two patients, infection in two patients, cup loosening in three patients, limb length discrepancy in 10 patients, and heterotopic ossification in two patients. Seven patients had been readmitted.

Conclusion:

We believe THA using uncemented prosthesis has a high survivorship with low rate osteolysis in young patients with good bone stock. It is necessary to have longer follow-up to have a better evaluation on outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Joint range of motion; severity of pain; total hip arthroplasty; uncemented prosthesis

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