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Scand J Clin Lab Invest. 2019 Jul;79(4):268-275. doi: 10.1080/00365513.2019.1601765. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

Development of renal function during staged balloon pulmonary angioplasty for inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension.

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a Department of Cardiology , Kerckhoff Heart and Thorax Center , Bad Nauheim , Germany.
b German Center for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK), Partner Site , RhineMain Frankfurt am Main , Germany.
c Department of Thoracic Surgery , Kerckhoff Heart and Thorax Center , Bad Nauheim , Germany.
d Department of Radiology , Justus Liebig University Giessen , Giessen , Germany.
e Department of Radiology , Gesundheitszentrum Wetterau , Bad Nauheim , Germany.
f Medical Clinic I Division of Cardiology , Justus Liebig University Giessen , Giessen , Germany.


Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, improves pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics. The kidney might benefit from this effect. However, staged BPA therapy comes along with repetitive administration of contrast agent. This study examined the overall effect of BPA therapy on renal function. This study included consecutive patients who underwent BPA treatment and completed a 6-month follow-up between March 2014 and March 2017. Biomarker-based evaluation of renal function was performed at baseline, consecutively prior to and after each BPA and at 6-month follow-up. The 51 patients underwent an average of 5 (±2) BPA sessions. In this course, patients received 133 (±48; 21-300) mL of contrast agent per session and 691 (±24; 240-1410) mL during the whole sequence. Acute kidney injury occurred after 6 (2.3%) procedures. The creatinine [80.1 (IQR 67.8-96.8) µmol/L vs. 77.4 (IQR 66.9-91.5) µmol/L, p = .02] and urea level [13.7 (IQR10.7-16.6) mmol/L vs. 12.5 (IQR 10.0-15.5) mmol/L, p = .02] decreased from baseline to the 6-month follow-up. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) [79 (IQR 59-94) mL/min/m2 vs. 79.6 (IQR 67.1-95.0) mL/min/m2, p = .11] did not change. The Chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages at baseline were: G1:15; G2:23; G3a:10; G3b:2; G4:1; G5:0. Among patients with a CKD-stage ≥2, analysis revealed an increase of eGFR, decrease of creatinine and urea from baseline to 6-month follow-up. Among those patients, the baseline-CKD-stage improved in 14 (41.2%) patients. BPA therapy improves pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics, with positive effects on renal function. Repetitive administration of contrast agent seems not to be harmful regarding renal function.


Cardiology; balloon pulmonary angioplasty; chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension; kidney disease; kidney function; troponins and cardiac biomarkers

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