Format

Send to

Choose Destination
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2019 Jul;40(7):1184-1190. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A6103. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Diagnosis and Prediction of Relapses in Susac Syndrome: A New Use for MR Postcontrast FLAIR Leptomeningeal Enhancement.

Author information

1
From the Neurology Department (S.C., R.D., O.G., C.S., J.A., M.O.).
2
Neuroradiology Department (A.L.. E.S., J.S., F.C.).
3
Clinical Research Unit (K.Z.).
4
Ophthalmology Department (A.A.), Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Paris, France.
5
From the Neurology Department (S.C., R.D., O.G., C.S., J.A., M.O.) mobadia@for.paris.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Leptomeningeal enhancement can be found in a variety of neurologic diseases such as Susac Syndrome. Our aim was to assess its prevalence and significance of leptomeningeal enhancement in Susac syndrome using 3T postcontrast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery MR imaging.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From January 2011 to December 2017, nine consecutive patients with Susac syndrome and a control group of 73 patients with multiple sclerosis or clinically isolated syndrome were included. Two neuroradiologists blinded to the clinical and ophthalmologic data independently reviewed MRIs and assessed leptomeningeal enhancement and parenchymal abnormalities. Follow-up MRIs (5.9 MRIs is the mean number per patient over a median period of 46 months) of patients with Susac syndrome were reviewed and compared with clinical and retinal fluorescein angiographic data evaluated by an independent ophthalmologist. Fisher tests were used to compare the 2 groups, and mixed-effects logistic models were used for analysis of clinical and imaging follow-up of patients with Susac syndrome.

RESULTS:

Patients with Susac syndrome were significantly more likely to present with leptomeningeal enhancement: 5/9 (56%) versus 6/73 (8%) in the control group (P = .002). They had a significantly higher leptomeningeal enhancement burden with ≥3 lesions in 5/9 patients versus 0/73 (P < .001). Regions of leptomeningeal enhancement were significantly more likely to be located in the posterior fossa: 5/9 versus 0/73 (P < .001). Interobserver agreement for leptomeningeal enhancement was good (κ = 0.79). There was a significant association between clinical relapses and increase of both leptomeningeal enhancement and parenchymal lesion load: OR = 6.15 (P = .01) and OR = 5 (P = .02), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Leptomeningeal enhancement occurs frequently in Susac syndrome and could be helpful for diagnosis and in predicting clinical relapse.

PMID:
31248864
DOI:
10.3174/ajnr.A6103

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center