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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004 Apr;48(4):1249-55.

Dissemination of CTX-M-type beta-lactamases among clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae in Paris, France.

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Laboratoire de Bactériologie, UPRES EA 2392, UFR Saint-Antoine, Université Paris VI, France.


We analyzed 19 clinical isolates of the family Enterobacteriaceae (16 Escherichia coli isolates and 3 Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates) collected from four different hospitals in Paris, France, from 2000 to 2002. These strains had a particular extended-spectrum cephalosporin resistance profile characterized by a higher level of resistance to cefotaxime and aztreonam than to ceftazidime. The bla(CTX-M) genes encoding these beta-lactamases were involved in this resistance, with a predominance of bla(CTX-M-15). Ten of the 19 isolates produced both TEM-1- and CTX-M-type enzymes. One strain (E. coli TN13) expressed CMY-2, TEM-1, and CTX-M-14. bla(CTX-M) genes were found on large plasmids. In 15 cases the same insertion sequence, ISEcp1, was located upstream of the 5' end of the bla(CTX-M) gene. In one case we identified an insertion sequence designated IS26. Examination of the other three bla(CTX-M) genes by cloning, sequencing, and PCR analysis revealed the presence of a complex sul1-type integron that includes open reading frame ORF513, which carries the bla gene and the surrounding DNA. Five isolates had the same plasmid DNA fingerprint, suggesting clonal dissemination of CTX-M-15-producing strains in the Paris area.

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