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Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2015 Oct 18;29:279. eCollection 2015.

The effect of emotion regulation training in decreasing emotion failures and self-injurious behaviors among students suffering from specific learning disorder (SLD).

Author information

1
Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology, University of Qom, Qom, Iran. Habibzade2008@yahoo.com.
2
MA in Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran. Saeed.pourabdol@yahoo.com.
3
PhD Students of Educational Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Qom, Qom, Iran. shahrzad_saravani@yahoo.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A great deal of attention has been given to the study of learning disorders. Hence, the aim of this research was to study the effect of emotion regulation training in decreasing emotion failures and self-injurious behaviors among students suffering from specific learning disorder.

METHODS:

This was an experimental study with the pre-test, post-test and a control group. Research population included all 5th grade male students suffering from specific learning disorder (case study: 5th grade students in Ardabil in 2015). Research sample included 40 male students suffering from specific learning disorder (SLD) who were selected through multi-step cluster sampling and classified into two groups: Experimental group (n= 20) and control group (n= 20). The following tools were used for data collection: Kay Math mathematic Test, Raven Intelligence Test, Reading Test of Shafiei et al, Falahchay Writing Expression, Emotion Failures Scale, Self-Injurious Behavior Questionnaire and Diagnostic Interview based on DSM-5. Data were analyzed by multivariate of variance analysis (MANOVA) model in the SPSS software version 22.

RESULTS:

The results of MANOVA revealed that emotion regulation training was effective in decreasing emotion failures in all parameters (difficulty in describing feelings, difficulty in identifying feelings, and externally oriented thinking style) and self-injurious behaviors in students suffering from specific learning disorder (p< 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

In this study, it was found that since emotion regulation training can have a remarkable effect on reducing negative emotions and increasing the positive ones; this treatment can play an eminent role in decreasing emotion failures and self-injurious behaviors in such students.

KEYWORDS:

Emotion Failures; Emotion Regulation; Self-Injurious Behaviors; Specific Learning Disorder

PMID:
26793670
PMCID:
PMC4715406

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