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Addict Health. 2017 Jan;9(1):24-31.

Effectiveness of Resilience Training on Ego-control and Hardiness of Illicit Drug Users.

Author information

1
Lecturer, Department of Psychology, Payame Nour University, Sari, Iran.
2
Assistant Professor, Department of Consulting, Payame Nour University, Sari, Iran.
3
PhD Student, Student Research Committee, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4
PhD Student, Department of Consulting, School of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
5
Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6
Researcher, Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of resilience training upon ego-control and hardiness of the addicted persons.

METHODS:

This was a semi-experimental study with pretest and posttest control groups which was conducted in Sari, Iran, during 2014-2015. Thirty persons were selected among 240 illicit drug users who underwent screening. Resilience training was performed in ten sessions for the experimental group. The Kobasa hardiness questionnaire and self-restraint scale (SRS) were used for data collection and multivariate covariance test was performed for data analysis.

FINDINGS:

According to the data, ego-control and hardiness of participants were improved significantly by resilience training (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Resilience training is effective upon the rate of ego-control and self-restraint and hardiness. This method can be used in addiction treatment clinics and residential centers.

KEYWORDS:

Hardiness; Illicit drug users; Resilience; Substance use disorders

PMID:
29026500
PMCID:
PMC5628765

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