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J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2019 Mar;47(1):48-52. doi: 10.29158/JAAPL.003828-19. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Examining Racial Disparities in Juvenile Justice.

Author information

1
Dr. Robles-Ramamurthy is Assistant Professor, Long School of Medicine, University of Texas Health San Antonio, Texas. Dr. Watson is Director of the Forensic Psychiatry Fellowship and a Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.
2
Dr. Robles-Ramamurthy is Assistant Professor, Long School of Medicine, University of Texas Health San Antonio, Texas. Dr. Watson is Director of the Forensic Psychiatry Fellowship and a Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. cwatson@watsonforensics.com.

Abstract

Decades of research have focused on understanding and addressing racial disparities that occur at every stage of processing in the juvenile justice system. Leaders in the field have raised concerns about the differential treatment and selection of youth based on race. Taking into consideration Sussman and colleagues' results regarding the use of manifest injustice in Washington State, we review briefly the legislative changes that have occurred nationally to address the problem of disproportionate minority contact. We also consider data and hypotheses that have increased our understanding of why and how these racial disparities occur.

PMID:
30760479
DOI:
10.29158/JAAPL.003828-19

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