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J Gen Physiol. 2019 Jan 31. pii: jgp.201812200. doi: 10.1085/jgp.201812200. [Epub ahead of print]

Regulation of myofilament force and loaded shortening by skeletal myosin binding protein C.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD.
3
Department of Medical Pharmacology and Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO mcdonaldks@missouri.edu.

Abstract

Myosin binding protein C (MyBP-C) is a 125-140-kD protein located in the C-zone of each half-thick filament. It is thought to be an important regulator of contraction, but its precise role is unclear. Here we investigate mechanisms by which skeletal MyBP-C regulates myofilament function using rat permeabilized skeletal muscle fibers. We mount either slow-twitch or fast-twitch skeletal muscle fibers between a force transducer and motor, use Ca2+ to activate a range of forces, and measure contractile properties including transient force overshoot, rate of force development, and loaded sarcomere shortening. The transient force overshoot is greater in slow-twitch than fast-twitch fibers at all Ca2+ activation levels. In slow-twitch fibers, protein kinase A (PKA) treatment (a) augments phosphorylation of slow skeletal MyBP-C (sMyBP-C), (b) doubles the magnitude of the relative transient force overshoot at low Ca2+ activation levels, and (c) increases force development rates at all Ca2+ activation levels. We also investigate the role that phosphorylated and dephosphorylated sMyBP-C plays in loaded sarcomere shortening. We test the hypothesis that MyBP-C acts as a brake to filament sliding within the myofilament lattice by measuring sarcomere shortening as thin filaments traverse into the C-zone during lightly loaded slow-twitch fiber contractions. Before PKA treatment, shortening velocity decelerates as sarcomeres traverse from ∼3.10 to ∼3.00 µm. After PKA treatment, sarcomeres shorten a greater distance and exhibit less deceleration during similar force clamps. After sMyBP-C dephosphorylation, sarcomere length traces display a brief recoil (i.e., "bump") that initiates at ∼3.06 µm during loaded shortening. Interestingly, the timing of the bump shifts with changes in load but manifests at the same sarcomere length. Our results suggest that sMyBP-C and its phosphorylation state regulate sarcomere contraction by a combination of cross-bridge recruitment, modification of cross-bridge cycling kinetics, and alteration of drag forces that originate in the C-zone.

PMID:
30705121
DOI:
10.1085/jgp.201812200

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