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Micron. 2007;38(1):40-8. Epub 2006 May 11.

Application of invariant grey scale features for analysis of porous minerals.

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Australian Key Centre for Microscopy & Microanalysis, Madsen Building F09, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.


Three-dimensional (3D) texture analysis can be used to differentiate similar materials which have a complex structural nature that is not easily reduced to geometric primitives. A method which extends the concept of invariant grey scale features to non-structured 3D textures is introduced and applied to the study of five processed mineral carbon materials which are characteristically similar but derive from different industrial sources. X-ray microtomography (XRMT) was used to obtain 3D tomographic data with isotropic voxel spacing of 9.8 microm. These data were used to construct invariant features for 3D texture measurement via Monte Carlo based sampling routines and integrals of grey scale relational kernel functions. The procedure produced multi-component texture vectors, which were successfully tested against texture samples as a classification-recognition tool. Identification accuracies ranging from 69% to approximately 84% were achieved for the five material sources examined. This result provides a sound basis for quantitative analysis of these materials which to date have proved very difficult to examine using traditional image analysis tools because of their complex natural structure.

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