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Nature. 1977 May 12;267(5607):146-7.

Sources of sulphur in rain collected below a wheat canopy.

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Department of Physiology and Environmental Studies, University of Nottingham School of Agriculture, Sutton Bonington, Loughborough, UK.


Vegetation plays an important role in the cycle of sulphur between the atmosphere and the soil. We have measured the quantity of sulphur in rain collected below a maturing wheat canopy. This sulphur has three sources: first, the atmosphere, from which falling rain gains SO2 and sulphate; second, leaf surfaces, from which rain washes sulphur which was previously deposited by turbulent transfer ('dry deposition'), and third, leaf tissue, from which rain leaches sulphur. We have now deduced from field and laboratory measurements that leaching supplied nearly 90% of the sulphur gained by rain as it fell through the wheat canopy. Only a small fraction of sulphur which had been dry-deposited on the surface of leaves could be washed off.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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