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J Therm Biol. 2018 Dec;78:391-400. doi: 10.1016/j.jtherbio.2018.11.004. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Testing the climatic variability hypothesis in edaphic and subterranean Collembola (Hexapoda).

Author information

1
Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, P. J. Šafárik University, Šrobárova 2, SK-04154 Košice, Slovakia. Electronic address: natalia.raschmanova@upjs.sk.
2
Institute of Soil Biology, Biology Centre AS CR v. v. i., Na Sádkách 7, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; SOWA Research Infrastructure, Biology Centre AS CR v. v. i., Na Sádkách 7, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: sustr@upb.cas.cz.
3
Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, P. J. Šafárik University, Šrobárova 2, SK-04154 Košice, Slovakia. Electronic address: lubomir.kovac@upjs.sk.
4
Institute of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, P. J. Šafárik University, Šrobárova 2, SK-04154 Košice, Slovakia. Electronic address: andrea.parimuchova@upjs.sk.
5
Institute of Soil Biology, Biology Centre AS CR v. v. i., Na Sádkách 7, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic; Centre for Polar Ecology, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic. Electronic address: devetter@upb.cas.cz.

Abstract

The climatic variability hypothesis was applied to the thermal tolerance of edaphic and cave Collembola occupying contrasting environments. Collembola belonged to four categories - trogloxene, subtroglophile, eutroglophile and troglobiont - with a different degree of affinity to subterranean habitats. Altogether, specimens of 17 species were exposed to a one-hour laboratory survival test. The impact of temperature, species and species-temperature interaction on cold and heat survival was statistically significant. There was a decrease trend in cold and heat tolerance from trogloxenes, over subtroglophiles and eutroglophiles to troglobionts. It was shown that obligate cave species, restricted to climatic-stable cave conditions, retain a functional thermal resistance, i.e. the genetically determined ability to tolerate relatively broader temperature ranges. Our results outlined the direct relationship between the thermal tolerances of species and the size of their geographic distributions. It was also observed that cold resistance of Collembola decreased significantly with increasing species body length, indicating that body size plays an important role in temperature tolerances of arthropods inhabiting soil and subterranean habitats.

KEYWORDS:

Arthropoda; Body size; Cave; Endemic species; Lethal temperature; Survival; Thermal resistance; Troglobiont

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