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Science. 2018 Jul 6;361(6397):92-95. doi: 10.1126/science.aat3188. Epub 2018 May 17.

Ancient genomes document multiple waves of migration in Southeast Asian prehistory.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. mlipson@genetics.med.harvard.edu ron.pinhasi@univie.ac.at reich@genetics.med.harvard.edu.
2
Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.
3
Earth Institute, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland.
4
School of Archaeology, University College Dublin, Dublin 4, Ireland.
5
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
6
Medical and Population Genetics Program, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA 02142, USA.
7
School of Archaeology and Anthropology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
8
Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i 96822, USA.
9
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 75016 Paris, France.
10
UMR 7055 Préhistoire et Technologie, Université Paris Nanterre, 92023 Nanterre, France.
11
CEA/CNRS UMR 3685 NIMBE, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France.
12
College of Arts, Society and Education, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia.
13
School of Health Science, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo 060-8556, Japan.
14
Department of Anatomy, University of Otago, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand.
15
Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia.
16
Department of Prehistoric Archaeology, Vietnam Institute of Archaeology, Hanoi, Vietnam.
17
Department of Archaeology, Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture, Mandalay, Myanmar.
18
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
19
Soprintendenza Archeologia Belle Arti e Paesaggio per la Città Metropolitana di Cagliari e per le Province di Oristano e Sud Sardegna, 09124 Cagliari, Italy.
20
Physical Anthropology Section, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
21
Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava, 70103 Ostrava, Czech Republic.
22
CIAS, Department of Life Sciences, University of Coimbra, Coimbra 3000-456, Portugal.
23
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
24
Center of Excellence in Bioresources for Agriculture, Industry and Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
25
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand.
26
Institute for Anthropological Research, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
27
Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
28
Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, 37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic.
29
Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria. mlipson@genetics.med.harvard.edu ron.pinhasi@univie.ac.at reich@genetics.med.harvard.edu.

Abstract

Southeast Asia is home to rich human genetic and linguistic diversity, but the details of past population movements in the region are not well known. Here, we report genome-wide ancient DNA data from 18 Southeast Asian individuals spanning from the Neolithic period through the Iron Age (4100 to 1700 years ago). Early farmers from Man Bac in Vietnam exhibit a mixture of East Asian (southern Chinese agriculturalist) and deeply diverged eastern Eurasian (hunter-gatherer) ancestry characteristic of Austroasiatic speakers, with similar ancestry as far south as Indonesia providing evidence for an expansive initial spread of Austroasiatic languages. By the Bronze Age, in a parallel pattern to Europe, sites in Vietnam and Myanmar show close connections to present-day majority groups, reflecting substantial additional influxes of migrants.

Comment in

PMID:
29773666
DOI:
10.1126/science.aat3188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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