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Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017 Feb 1;83(4). pii: e02641-16. doi: 10.1128/AEM.02641-16. Print 2017 Feb 15.

Discovery of Polyesterases from Moss-Associated Microorganisms.

Author information

1
Institute of Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria christina.mueller@tugraz.at.
2
ACIB GmbH, Graz, Austria.
3
ACIB GmbH, Tulln an der Donau, Austria.
4
Institute of Environmental Biotechnology, Graz University of Technology, Graz, Austria.
5
Institute of Environmental Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Tulln an der Donau, Austria.

Abstract

The growing pollution of the environment with plastic debris is a global threat which urgently requires biotechnological solutions. Enzymatic recycling not only prevents pollution but also would allow recovery of valuable building blocks. Therefore, we explored the existence of microbial polyesterases in microbial communities associated with the Sphagnum magellanicum moss, a key species within unexploited bog ecosystems. This resulted in the identification of six novel esterases, which were isolated, cloned, and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli The esterases were found to hydrolyze the copolyester poly(butylene adipate-co-butylene terephthalate) (PBAT) and the oligomeric model substrate bis[4-(benzoyloxy)butyl] terephthalate (BaBTaBBa). Two promising polyesterase candidates, EstB3 and EstC7, which clustered in family VIII of bacterial lipolytic enzymes, were purified and characterized using the soluble esterase substrate p-nitrophenyl butyrate (Km values of 46.5 and 3.4 μM, temperature optima of 48°C and 50°C, and pH optima of 7.0 and 8.5, respectively). In particular, EstC7 showed outstanding activity and a strong preference for hydrolysis of the aromatic ester bond in PBAT. Our study highlights the potential of plant-associated microbiomes from extreme natural ecosystems as a source for novel hydrolytic enzymes hydrolyzing polymeric compounds.

IMPORTANCE:

In this study, we describe the discovery and analysis of new enzymes from microbial communities associated with plants (moss). The recovered enzymes show the ability to hydrolyze not only common esterase substrates but also the synthetic polyester poly(butylene adipate-co-butylene terephthalate), which is a common material employed in biodegradable plastics. The widespread use of such synthetic polyesters in industry and society requires the development of new sustainable technological solutions for their recycling. The discovered enzymes have the potential to be used as catalysts for selective recovery of valuable building blocks from this material.

KEYWORDS:

enzyme discovery; esterases; functional metagenomics; plant-associated microbiomes; polymer hydrolysis

PMID:
27940546
PMCID:
PMC5288828
DOI:
10.1128/AEM.02641-16
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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