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Mol Cancer Ther. 2018 Feb;17(2):484-496. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-17-0390. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Inhibition of O-GlcNAcase Sensitizes Apoptosis and Reverses Bortezomib Resistance in Mantle Cell Lymphoma through Modification of Truncated Bid.

Author information

1
Siriraj Center of Excellence for Stem Cell Research, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
2
Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
3
Division of Hematology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
4
WVU Cancer Institute, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.
5
Siriraj Center of Excellence for Stem Cell Research, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand. surapolsi@gmail.com.
6
Bangkok Hematology Center, Wattanosoth Hospital, BDMS Center of Excellence for Cancer, Bangkok, Thailand.

Abstract

Aberrant energy metabolism represents a hallmark of cancer and contributes to numerous aggressive behaviors of cancer cells, including cell death and survival. Despite the poor prognosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), due to the inevitable development of drug resistance, metabolic reprograming of MCL cells remains an unexplored area. Posttranslational modification of proteins via O-GlcNAcylation is an ideal sensor for nutritional changes mediated by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and is removed by O-GlcNAcase (OGA). Using various small-molecule inhibitors of OGT and OGA, we found for the first time that O-GlcNAcylation potentiates MCL response to bortezomib. CRISPR interference of MGEA5 (encoding OGA) validated the apoptosis sensitization by O-GlcNAcylation and OGA inhibition. To identify the potential clinical candidates, we tested MCL response to drug-like OGA inhibitor, ketoconazole, and verified that it exerts similar sensitizing effect on bortezomib-induced apoptosis. Investigations into the underlying molecular mechanisms reveal that bortezomib and ketoconazole act in concert to cause the accumulation of truncated Bid (tBid). Not only does ketoconazole potentiate tBid induction, but also increases tBid stability through O-GlcNAcylation that interferes with tBid ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation. Remarkably, ketoconazole strongly enhances bortezomib-induced apoptosis in de novo bortezomib-resistant MCL cells and in patient-derived primary cells with minimal cytotoxic effect on normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells and hepatocytes, suggesting its potential utility as a safe and effective adjuvant for MCL. Together, our findings provide novel evidence that combination of bortezomib and ketoconazole or other OGA inhibitors may present a promising strategy for the treatment of drug-resistant MCL. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(2); 484-96. ©2017 AACR.

PMID:
29167312
PMCID:
PMC5805589
[Available on 2019-02-01]
DOI:
10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-17-0390

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